April 1920

 

Apr-02

Jameson (who real name is James Byrnes from Newcastle West in Limerick) shot as a spy by members of the Squad led by Paddy Daly and Joe Dowling near Albert College, Glasnevin, Dublin.  A trap had been laid for him by telling him that Collins had a store of documents in a house in Iona Drive, Glasnevin.  When the house was raided he was rumbled.

Abbott (2000), pg 54-55; Gallagher (1953), pg 241; Putkowski (1994), no pgs given

Apr-02

First battalion of the Manchester Regiment arrive in Cork under Lt Col Gareth Evans billeted in Fermoy and Kilworth.

Sheehan (1990), pg 67

Apr-03

IRA burns more than 300 evacuated RIC barracks and almost 100 income tax offices.  Abbott says that approximately 150 barracks were destroyed on the night of 5/6 April.  (Abbott notes that the RIC had 1,299 barracks at the beginning of 1919 but this was reduced to 865 by the beginning of 1921.)  McDermott gives details of Belfast raids on 5th April.

Hopkinson (2002), pg 56; Abbott (2000), pgs 55-56; Dalton (199), pgs 68-72; McDermott (2001), pg 28

Apr-03

Hamar Greenwood (Canadian Coalition Lib) appointed Chief Secretary replacing Ian Macpherson

Curran J M (1980), pg32; 

Apr-05

Start of Hunger strike in Mountjoy Jail by IRA prisoners demanding prisoner of war status.  (Gallagher was a prisoner in Mountjoy at the time and one of the leaders.)

Curran J M (1980), pg36 & Hopkinson (2002) pg xiv & pg 37; Macardle (1999), pg 344; Gallagher (1953), pgs 161-163

Apr-05

P. Cloonan from Galway dies

O’Farrell (1997), pg 104

Apr-09

Two RIC men (Constables William Finn and Daniel McCarthy) shot dead in an ambush at Lackamore Woods between Rearcross and Newport, Co Tipperary.

Coogan (1990), pg 139;  Abbott (2000), pg 68; Hart (1998), pg 76

Apr-12

Large demonstrations in Dublin in support of jailed IRA hunger strikers (some convicted under DORA and some untried).

Townshend (1975), pg 76

Apr-12

Call from General Strike to support the hunger strikers signed by Thomas Farren (Chairman, National Executive of Trade Unions) and Thomas Johnson (Secretary, Irish Congress of Trade Unions)

O’Farrell (1997), pgs 33 & 48; Macardle (1999), pg 344

Apr-13

One-day strike throughout Dublin in support of the hunger strikers.

Townshend (1975), pg 76

Apr-14

IRA prisoners released.  Originally, it was intended only to parole unconvicted prisoners but, due to a mix-up, all 90 hunger-striking prisoners were released of whom 31 were convicted prisoners.  (Considerable detail is given by Gallagher of the hunger strike from the inside.  Also, there was considerable consternation within the RIC after the release of the prisoners.) 

A joint RIC and military (Highland Light Infantry) party, led by RIC Sgt Hampson, shoot at crowd celebrating release of prisoners in Miltown Malbay, Co Clare killing three (John O'Loughlin, Thomas O'Leary and Patrick Hennessy) and wounding nine.  The three killed were Irish Volunteers - see May 7th 1920

Townshend (1975), pg 76; Hopkinson (2002), pg 36; O'Malley (2001), pgs 84-85; O'Kelly and Mulvey in The Kerryman (1955), pg 148 & Coogan (1990), pg 139; Gallagher (1953), pgs 162-193; Regan (2007), pg 141

Apr-14

Detective Constable Henry Kells, DMP is shot at the corner of Upr Camden St and Pleasants St, Dublin by Paddy Daly, commander of the Squad.  He had earlier engaged in trying to identify IRA prisoners in Mountjoy.   (The day before Collins had sent a message to Peadar Clancy, who was in Mountjoy, saying “I am going to Kells to-morrow.”)

Abbott (2000), pg 69; Gallagher (1953), pg 159

Apr-14

Sgt Patrick Finnerty, RIC is shot in Clonard St, Balbriggan, Co. Dublin when accompanying a group of people coming back from an illegal assembly.  He died two days later in the Mater Hospital.

Abbott (2000), pg 69-70

Apr-14

Constable Patrick Foley, who is on leave in Annascual, Co. Kerry, is abducted after leaving Moriaty's Hotel.  His body is found two days later in a creamery yard in Deelis, Co. Kerry.

Abbott (2000), pg 70-71

Apr-16

Thomas Mulholland of John St., Dundalk is killed by the RIC.  The jurors at his inquest name the member of the RIC who they say was his killer.

Gallagher (1953), pg 200; O’Farrell (1997), pg 114

Apr-17

Constable Martin Clifford, who was on home leave in Derinaden, Co Kerry, was ambushed and killed at Bradley's Cross, Dromod between Waterville and Derinaden.

Abbott (2000), pg 71

Mid-Apr

The coroner’s inquest in Cork brings in a verdict that Tomas MacCurtain was murdered and that “the murder was organised and carried out by the R.I.C. officially directed by the British Government; and we return a verdict of wilful murder against David Llyod George, Prime Minister of England; Lord French, Lord Lieutenant of Ireland; Ian Macpherson, late Chief Secretary for Ireland; Acting Inspecting General Smith of the R.IC.; Divisional Inspector Clayton; District Inspector Swanzy, and some unknown members of the R.I.C.”

Gallagher (1953), pgs 199-200

Apr-17/18

Riots in Derry

Gallagher (2003), pg 21

Apr-17

Bouladuff, Co. Tipperary shot up by police.

Macardle (1999), pg 353

Apr-18

Lord French writes to Bonar Law (Lord Privy Seal) asking for a complete review of the Castle Administration.  Bonar Law (who was acting for Llyod George while the latter was at the Peace Conference in Versailles) agreed to set up an investigating committee under Sir Warren Fisher.

Townshend (1975), pg 78

Apr-18

The IRA attacks a number of RIC men leaving a church in Kilmihill, Co. Clare.  One IRA man (John Breen) and one RIC (Sgt Patrick J Carroll) are killed and a number of IRA men are wounded and one RIC man (Constable  Collins). 

Abbott (2000), pgs 71-72

Apr-18

P. Fogarty from Clontarf, Dublin dies.

O'Farrell P (1997), pg 108

Apr-20

Detective Constable Laurence Dalton, 'G' Division, DMP is shot dead in Mountjoy St, Dublin near St. Mary's Place (or Avenue?).  

Abbott (2000), pg 72

Apr-21

Hunger strike starts among IRA prisoners in Wormwood Scrubs resulting in the release of some 200 internees in May.

Macardle (1999), pg 345; Murphy W (2017), pg 442

Apr-23

Constable  Michael McCarthy of the DMP is shot dead when on home leave and working in a field on his brother's farm at Lackenalooha, near Clonakilty, Co. Cork.

Abbott (2000), pg 73

Apr-25

A three-man RIC patrol is ambushed at Ballinspittal, Co. Cork by IRA men from the local battalion of the 3rd (West) Cork Brigade led by Jim O'Mahoney (Adj Bandon Bat).  Two RIC men are killed (Sgt Cornelius Crean and Constable Patrick McGoldrick).  Sgt Crean's brother (Tom Crean) was a member of Shackleton voyage to the South Pole in 1909.  (Deasy places this ambush at Highfort on the Innishannon to Upton road.)

Abbott (2000), pg 73; Deasy (1973), pg 106

Apr-26

Kilcommon, Co. Tipperary partially wrecked by police.

Macardle (1999), pg 353

Apr-28

East Limerick Brigade, IRA attacks and capture Ballylanders RIC barracks, Co Limerick led by Vice-OC Thomas Malone (Sean Forde).  More Detail 

Abbott (2000), pg 79; Breen (1989), pg 106; O'Daly in The Kerryman (1955), pgs 51-55

Apr-28

In retaliation for Ballylanders attack, Black and Tans go on rampage in Limerick city. (Macardle says 27th)

O'Farrell P (1997), pg xvi; Macardle (1999), pg 353

Apr-29

During an attack on an RIC barracks in Rush, Co. Dublin, an RIC sergeant (John Brady) is wounded and dies 10 days later.

Abbott (2000), pg 74

Apr

J. Byrne from Gracefield, Ballylynan, Co. Laois dies

O’Farrell (1997), pg 103

Apr

Forbes Paterson, (the Presbyterian editor of Red Hand which was a Sinn Féin  journal founded by FJ Bigger in 1920) writes a report on the political situation in north-east Ulster.   In it he suggests the founding of a paper which aims to bind Labour to Sinn Féin  – he also warns of the arming of unionists which is setting the stage for a pogrom against Catholics.  (Diarmaid O’Hegarty does not think much of the idea of setting up a paper and says so to Collins.)

Gallagher (2003), pgs 23-24

Apr

Michael O'Callaghen (QM, Bantry Bat, Cork No. 3 Brigade IRA) discovers 4,000 detonators left behind by an RIC escort at Drimoleague Junction.

Deasy (1973) pg 107

 

Home     1920     Next Month    Previous Month      Bibliography