March 1920

Mar-01

Thurles wrecked by British troops and again on 7th Mar

Macardle (1999), pg 353

Mar-01

Command issued to banks to appear before commission enquiring into the whereabouts of Dáil Loan money, signed by resident magistrate Alan Bell.

Macardle (1999), pg 332

Mar-04

RIC man John Heanue is shot and critically wounded in the village of Bouladuff, near Thurles, Co. Tipperary

Abbott (2000), pg 62

Mar-05

Six members of the Bandon Battalion IRA arrested in the aftermath of the two attacks on the RIC barracks a week earlier.

Deasy (1973), pgs 98-99

Mar-08

During an attack by the IRA on the RIC barracks at Hugginstown, Co. Kilkenny, Constable  Thomas Ryan is critically wounded and dies two days later.

Abbott (2000), pg 62

Mar-10

RIC Sgt George Neazer, Constable Garret Doyle and land steward Michael O'Brien were in the dining room of Ward's Hotel in Rathkeale, Co. Limerick when they are attacked by members of the Rathkeale company of the IRA (4th Battalion, West Limerick Brigade).  Sgt Neazer is killed.  Sean Hogan (veteran of Solohadbeg and Knocklong) is along with the attackers.

Abbott (2000), pg 63; Hopkinson (2002), pg 123

Mar-10

The Ulster Unionist Council decides to accept British government’s proposals on partition (accepting Craig’s argument against the creation of potentially unstable and ‘ungovernable’ state taking in the nine counties of Ulster).  A resolution is put forward (by a man from Cavan and seconded by a man from Monaghan) that the partition should include all nine counties of Ulster (in line with the Covenant) but this is defeated.

Phoenix (1994), pg 80; Dooley (2000), pg 40

Mar-11

An RIC patrol is ambushed as they are returning to their barracks in Glanmire, Co. Cork.  Constable Timothy Scully is shot dead.

Abbott (2000), pg 63

Mar-12

Many houses in Cork City wrecked in reprisal for killing of RIC man previous day.

Macardle (1999), pg 353

Mar-17

Two RIC men, Constable Charles Healy and Constable James Rocke, are killed as the leave the evening devotions at their local church on St Patrick's Day in Toomevara, Co.  Tipperary.  This is the first time that officers are shot as they left a church.

Abbott (2000), pgs 63-64

Mar-18

U.S. Senate, while ratifying the Versailles Peace Treaty adds a resolution declaring “The United States adheres to the principle of self-determination and to the resolution of sympathy with the aspiration of the Irish people for a Government of their own choice adopted by the Senate, 6th June, 1919 and declares that when such Government is attained by Ireland - a consummation it is hoped is at hand - it should promptly be admitted as a member of the League of Nations”

Macardle (1999), pg 366-367; Gallagher (1953), pg 256

Mar-19

RIC Constable Murtagh is shot and killed at 11.00pm on Pope's Quay, Cork.  Some hours later (on morning of 20th) Tomas MacCurtain, Lord Mayor of Cork and Commandant of Cork No. 1 Brigade IRA, is shot dead in his Blackpool home by a group of men who are believed to be British agents.  (MacCurtain had received a death threat four days earlier written on stolen Dáil notepaper.)  Among those suspected of the killing of MacCurtain was RIC District-Inspector Swanzy.  See 22nd Aug 1920.  Comment

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 62; Hart (1998), pg 78 and Townshend (1975), pg 96; Regan (2007), pg 137-138

Mar-20

Six men were tried in Armagh for the murder of two RIC men during the rescue of Sean Hogan at Knocklong on the 13th May 1919.  Three are found guilty and two of them (Edmund Foley and Paddy Maher) are subsequently hung on 7th June 1921.  (Carey disagrees that they were found guilty in Armagh - see March 15th 1921)

Abbott (2000), pg 39

Mar-20

In an open letter, the RC Bishop of Derry (McHugh) attacks the British government’s proposals for partition saying that his fellow-Nationalists in west Ulster would not accept inclusion in a ‘Northern Ireland’ state without a struggle.  (Phoenix notes that McHugh’s attitude showed that there was a dichotomy in the attitudes of ‘east’ and ‘west’ nationalists in Ulster.)

Phoenix (1994), pg 78

Mar-20

M. Fahy from Kilkee, Co. Clare dies

O’Farrell (1997), pg 107

Mar-21

Soldiers in Dublin shoot a young man and a girl – killing both.

Macardle (1999), pg 334

Mar-22

Many shop windows in Dublin broken by troops

Macardle (1999), pg 353

Mar-23

P. Hennessy from Milltown Malbay, Co. Clare dies.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 109

Mar-25

Sergeant Fergus Brian Mulloy, who worked with Colonel Hill Dillion, Chief Intelligence Officer of the British Army, in Parkgate St is shot dead in Wicklow St, Dublin

Coogan (1990), pg 133; O’Farrell (1997), pg 72

Mar-23

General Sir Nevil Macready made commander-in-chief of British forces in Ireland replacing Shaw (and takes up duty on 14th April).

Curran J M (1980), pg36 & O’Donoghue (1986), pg66

Mar-26

Resident Magistrate Bell (who had been investigating the Dáil Loan) was taken of the Dun Laoghaire tram and  shot dead by the IRA.  (Figgis says 27th).  (That night, Frank Gallagher is re-arrested – five months after he was released)

Townshend (1975), pg 65; Figgis (19270, pg 289; Gallagher (1953), pgs 147; Coogan (1990), pg 188

Mar-29

Better Government of Ireland Bill gets second reading in Westminster.  It is passed by 348 votes to 94.

Macardle (1999), pg 337; Phoenix (1994), pg 80

Mar-30

James McCarthy, Thurles, Co. Tipperary is shot dead by RIC after they had sent him a death threat on Dáil notepaper in an effort to incriminate Sinn Féin .

O’Farrell (1997), pg 58; Macardle (1999), pg 335; Gallagher (1953), pg 93

Mar-30

Proclamation posted by IRA warning "prospective recruits that they join the RIC at their own peril". 

Abbott (2000), pg 68

Mar-30

Thomas [O’]Dwyer of the The Ragg (Bouladuff), Co. Tipperary is shot dead in his bed.  The jurors at his inquest found that “Thomas Dwyer was willfully murdered by unknown members of the R.I.C.” – see 7th July 1921.

Macardle (1999), pg 335;  Gallagher (1953), pg 93 & 200

Mar-31

The RIC Hut at Clonoulty, Co. Tipperary is attacked by men from the 2nd Battalion, South Tipperary Brigade.  The defence is led by Sgt Patrick McDonnell - see 10th May 1920

Abbott (2000), pg 75

Mar-31

Attack by 5th Battalion, Cork No. 3 Brigade IRA led by Ted O’Sullivan on Durrus RIC barracks.  Despite a long engagement, no serious injuries on either side.  (O’Farrell says one RIC man killed but not confirmed by Abbott.)

Deasy (1973), pgs 100-103; O’Farrell (1997), pg 86

Mar

Joseph Byrne formally replaced by T J Smith as Inspector-General of RIC

Hopkinson (2002), pg 33

Mar

'Black and Tans' make their presence felt - they are non-Irish (mostly English) members of RIC.  Abbott says that first recruits appeared in their unfamiliar uniforms - which were mixtures of RIC (dark green) and military (khaki) thus their name - on the March 25thMore Detail 

Abbott (2000), pg 67; Townshend (1975), pg 209

Mar

IRA execute a man who they had convicted as a spy in West Limerick.

Harnett (2002), pgs 47-50

Mar

Landowner Capt Shawe Taylor shot in land seizure attempt.

Gallagher (1953), pg 201

 

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