March 1921

 

Mar-01

RIC patrol attacked in Charville; same day Black and Tans kill Sean O'Brien (Chairman, Rural District Council) in reprisal.

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 138

Mar-01

A pensioner and ex-RIC man, Patrick Roche, is taken from his house and shot at Causeway, Listowel, Co. Kerry.  A card was pinned to his body saying 'Convicted spy.  All informers beware IRA.'

Abbott (2000), pg 186

Mar-01

C. J. Daly from Glasshill Rd., Cork dies as does T. Lobby from Shrough, Ardvillane, Co. Tipperary.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 105

Early-Mar?

IRA kill a 20-year old man called McPhillips in Monaghan.

Phoenix (1994), pg 118

Mar-03

Fermoy Battalion Column attack a police patrol at Macollop (5 miles east of Fermoy, Co Cork).  One policeman is killed and one wounded.

 

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 138

Mar-03

An RIC patrol was ambushed at Scartacrooks (near Cappoquin, Co. Waterford) - one RIC man (Constable Joseph Duddy) is shot dead.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 205

Mar-03

P. Hogan from Longfield, Co, Tipperary dies as does R. Keane from Hymenstown, Co. Tipperary

O’Farrell (1997), pg 109 & 110

Mar-04

J. Hayes from Knockarden, Co. Tipperary dies as does T. Lee from Fethard, Co. Tipperary.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 109 & 111

Mar-04

An RIC man (Constable James Beasant) is shot dead by two men in a public house in Cashel, Co. Tipperary who also seriously injure a girl in the bar.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 205

Mar-05

IRA, under Sean Moylan, carry out a major ambush at Clonbanin, Co Cork  More Detail 

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 139; Lynch in The Kerryman (1955), pgs 169-178 & Hopkinson (2002), pg 112; Townshend (1975), pg 152

Mar-06

An RIC man (Sgt James Maguire) is shot dead by five men in Kilmallock, Co. Limerick - as a result there are reprisals in the town.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 205

Mar-06

T. Larkin from Rosegreen, Co. Tipperary dies.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 111

Mar-06

M. Clancy from Ballyluskey, Co. Tipperary dies as does C. Foley from Cork; P. Hackett from Rathkenny, Drangan, Co. Tipperary and R. Fleming from Drangan, Co. Tipperary.

 

O’Farrell (1997), pg 104 & 108

Mar-06

Fires started by IRA in Newcastle, South Shields and Hyde.

Macardle (1999), pg 443

Mar-07

During the night of 6th to 7th March, George Clancy, Lord Mayor of Limerick and Michael O'Callaghan, ex-Lord Mayor of Limerick are shot dead in their homes. Also, during the night of 6th to 7th March, Joseph O’Donoghue is arrested by the RIC in Limerick.  Next day, his dead body found in Jonesborough Av.   Comment

 

Macardle (1999), pgs 430-431; Hopkinson (2002), pg xv; O’Farrell (1997), pgs 78; 36; 16 & 76

Mar-07

British patrol attacked at Kilfall (between Castlebar and Ballinrobe) by South Mayo Brigade of the IRA - the British surrender and are disarmed.

Hopkinson (2002), pg 135

Mar-08

Kanturk Battalion, Cork No. 2 Brigade ambushes RIC at Father Murphy's Bridge, Shronedaha, Banteer, Co Cork resulting in one RIC man killed (Constable Nicholas Somers) and three others wounded.  All were disarmed.

 

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 141; Abbott (2000), pg 206

Mar-09

Dromagh Castle, near Millstreet, Co Cork destroyed by Kanturk Column and Millstreet Battalion Column.

 

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 143

Mar-09

The court martial of Denis Murphy, one of the IRA men captured after the failed Dripsey ambush, starts in Victoria Barracks, Cork.  He is sentenced to death but on the 17th March, he is informed that the sentence has been commuted to 25 years penal servitude.

Sheehan (1990), pg 138

Mar-10

Brigade HQ of Cork No. 2 Brigade along with two of its columns (Kanturk and Mallow) are almost surrounded by a large British force carrying out a large scale sweep at Nadd (in the Boggeragh Mountains).   The HQ staff and the two columns escape.  A house with six members of the Mallow column asleep in it is surrounded.  Two make their escape (Joe Morgan and John Moloney) but the other four Volunteers are shot dead after surrendering (David Herlihy, Edward Waters, Timothy Kiely and Edward Twoney).  O’Donoghue and Lynch indicate that the British got their information from a Kanturk Column member who was an ex-British soldier. 

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 142; Lynch in The Kerryman (1995), pg 230; O’Malley (1990), pg 300

Mar-10

The British government, having postponed the election for the Dublin parliament, is asked by Devlin in the House of Commons to also postpone the election for the Belfast parliament.  However, Llyod George replies that the majority in the area were ‘undoubtedly in favour of the experiment being made at the earliest possible moment’.

Phoenix (1994), pg 117

Mar-10

L. Hickey from Main St., Thurles dies as does J. Kennelly from Mooneen, Moybella, Co. Kerry and W. Loughnane from Thurles.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 109 & 110

Mar-11

Five or six IRA officers of the Leitrim Brigade (including Sean Connolly from Longford, Seamus Wrynne V/C; Joseph O Beirne (or Beirne); John Reilly; Joseph Reilly and Capt M. E. Baxter ) are killed at Selton Hill, Mohill, Co Leitrim. More Detail

Hopkinson (2002), pg 144; O'Malley (2001), pgs 97-98 & 101; Leavy in The Kerryman (1955), pg 194; O’Farrell (1997), pg 74 & 89 & 102

Mar-11

Three RIC men are attacked near the corner of Victoria Sq and Church St in Belfast resulting in the death of all three (Constable Walter Cooper, Constable Robert Crooks and Constable John McIntosh).  Two civilians are also injured in the attack and one of them, Alexander Allan (a Protestant) died later in hospital.  IRA party probably led by Rodger McCorley.  Heavy raiding by the military ensued but no reprisal killings.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 206; Parkinson (2004), pgs 113-114; McDermott (2001), pg 72

Mar-12

An RIC man (Constable Daniel Murphy) left Broadford Barracks, Co. Clare to go to Sixmilebridge but his body is found later in the day with a number of bullet wounds.

Abbott (2000), pg 207

Mar-12

The flying column of the 7th Battalion of the West Kilkenny Brigade is surrounded by a joint British Army/RIC patrol at Garryricken (or Ballybricken?) House (off the main Kilkenny-Clonmel Road).  Hopkinson says that some manage to fight their way out killing one RIC man.  Abbott says that three IRA men managed to escape and that five were captured (and RIC DI Hubert Baynham is wounded).  Abbott also says that an RIC patrol was attacked two miles outside Callan towards Tipperary resulting in the death of Constable Ernst Riley.

 

Hopkinson (2002), pg 124; Abbott (2000), pg 207

Mar-12

A train containing a number of Auxiliaries was travelling towards Listowel, Co. Kerry when it was attacked at Ardfert resulting in the death of one Cadet (Walter Falkiner).

Abbott (2000), pg 207

Mar-12

The IRA burn Leemount House, the home of Mrs Lindsay who they were holding prisoner.

Sheehan (1990), pgs 165-167

Mar-14

An Auxiliary patrol of two lorries and an armoured car, which was on its way to raid St. Andrews Club, 144 Brunswick (Pearse) St., Dublin is attacked on Brunswick St. near the corner of Erne St.  In the gun battle that follows, three IRA men are killed (including L. Fitzgerald from 173 Brunswick (Pearse) St.) and two policemen (Cadet Bernard Beard and Constable James O'Farrell).  In addition, a number of IRA men are captured and two of these (Tom Traynor and Jack Donnelly) are tried by Court Martial and convicted for murder.  Traynor is hung on the 25th April.  (Abbott says that Donnelly was also found guilty and faced a similar fate but was released after the Truce.  He says Donnelly was wounded.  However, Carey says that only two IRA men were captured and the other (i.e. not Traynor) was wounded and subsequently died.)   O’Farrell says the IRA were led by Sean McBride.

 

Abbott (2000), pgs 208-209; Carey (2001), pg 136; O’Farrell (1997), pg 58

Mar-14

Six IRA men are hung in Mountjoy Jail. Paddy Moran and Thomas Whelan are hung for taking part in the Bloody Sunday killings of British agents (see 21st November 1920).  The four other men are hung for taking part in an ambush in Drumcrondra (see January 21st).  Their names were Thomas Bryan, Patrick Doyle, Frank Flood and Bernard Ryan.  More Detail 

 

Breen (1989), pg 157; Carey (2001), pgs 55-133; O’Daly, WS 387, BMH, pg 40

Mar-15

Start of court martial of Edmond Foley and Paddy Maher in City Hall, Dublin for taking part in the rescue of Sean Hogan at Knocklong, Co Limerick on 13th May 1919.  They had been arrested in September 1919 and tried twice in Limerick but the juries could not agree on a verdict.  Their trial was then moved to Armagh but had to be postponed after a key witness (Sergeant Reilly) was kidnapped.  After the introduction of the Restoration of Order Ireland Act, their case was handed over to the military.  The court martial was to last five days and, unlike previous court martials, the two accused gave lengthy statements to the court.

 

Carey (2001), pgs 159-160

Mar-16

An RIC patrol was shot at near Ballymote, Co. Sligo resulting in the death of one policeman (Constable James O'Brien)

Abbott (2000), pg 209

Mar-16

The flying column of the West Galway (Connemara) Brigade led by Peter (Petie) Joe McDonnell ambush a four-man RIC patrol in Clifden, Co. Galway resulting in the death of  two RIC men (Constable Charles O'M Reynolds and Constable Thomas Sweeney).  The RIC set fire to a number of buildings in Clifden in retaliation.

 

Hopkinson (2002), pg 138; Abbott (2000), pg 209; McDonnell in The Kerryman (1995), pg 204

Mar-17

An RIC constable (Constable John Grant) is attacked when riding his bicycle at Tullacremin (1.5 miles from Abbeydorney, Co. Kerry) and later dies.

Abbott (2000), pg 209-210

Mar-17

Bonar Law leaves the British Cabinet due to ill-health.  (Townshend says this was another blow to the 'die-hard' party in Cabinet.) He is replaced by Austen Chamberlain.  (Bonar Law recovers by September 1921.)

Townshend (1975), pg 174

Mar-18

A seven-man RIC patrol is ambushed near the village of Castletownroche, Co. Cork resulting in the death of one RIC man (Constable Walter Elton). 

Abbott (2000), pg 210

Mar-19

The West Cork IRA, led by Tom Barry, carry out a large-scale ambush at Crossbarry, Co Cork.  They are nearly surrounded but manage to escape.  This is one of the largest military encounters of the War of Independence.  Afterwards, Charlie Hurley, O/C Cork No. 3 Brigade, who was recovering from wounds received at Upton, is killed when trapped in a house.  IRA claim over 30 thirty British killed while official British figures were 10 killed and 6 IRA men killed.  Abbott says that six British Army soldiers and one RIC man (Constable Arthur Kenward) were killed and that one IRA man was killed (Peter Monahan - who was a British Army deserter) and a number of other IRA men wounded.  A full list of the IRA men who fought at Crossbarry is given in Appendix F of Deasy (1973), pgs 351-355.  One of the British Army casualties was notorious Capt Hotblack.

O'Farrell P (1997), pg xvii; Abbott (2000), pgs 210-211; Crowley in The Kerryman (1955), pgs 179-185; Hopkinson (2002), pg 111-112; Deasy (1973), pgs 234-254

Mar-19

A two-lorry joint RIC/British Army patrol is ambushed at Burgery two miles outside Dungarvan, Co. Waterford.  Two on the British side are kidnapped and one (Sgt Michael Hickey) is later found dead while the other (a British officer) is rescued.  Another policemen (Constable Sydney Redman) later dies from the wounds he received in the ambush.  Two IRA men, Pat Keating (Comeragh, Kilmacthomas) and Sean MacGearailt (J. Fitzgerald from Gotivicary), are also killed.

Abbott (2000), pg 211; O’Farrell (1997), pg 50

Mar-19

C. Daly from Ballinascarthy, Co. Cork dies

O’Farrell (1997), pg 105

Mar-20

During disturbances in the Great George’s St area of Belfast, two men are shot.  One of these, John Graham (35), a Catholic later dies of his wounds in hospital.

Parkinson (2004), pg 114

Mar-20

An RIC man (Constable James McKenna) is shot and killed near his barracks at Falcarragh, Co. Donegal.

Abbott (2000), pg 212

Mar-20

An RIC man (Constable William Campbell), who was on sick leave, is shot dead when he goes into the backyard of his lodgings in Mullinahone, Co. Tipperary.

Abbott (2000), pg 212

Mar-21

Attack by Kerry No. 2 Brigade Column (under Dan Allman and Tom McEllistrim) on British troops at Headford Railway Junction near Killarney.  More Detail 

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 165; Gallagher in The Kerryman (1955), pgs 186-193 & Hopkinson (2002), pg 126; O'Farrell P (1997), pg61 

Mar-21

2,569 internees at this point

Hopkinson (2002), pg 94

Mar-21

Mrs Mary Lindsay and James Clarke, who had been held a hostage for about five weeks, are killed.  More Detail

Sheehan (1990), pg 173-177

Mar-21

Ambush by No. 1 Kerry Brigade IRA at Lispole on the Dingle peninsula in Co. Kerry led by Paddy Cahill (Brigade O/C). Three IRA men killed – T. M Ashe; T. Hawley and M Fitzgerald. (Ashe dies on 23rd March) Lispole Memorial

O’Farrell (1997), pg 12 & 102

Mar-21

P. Hassett from Killimer, Co. Clare dies.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 109

Mar-21

Sean MacEoin arrested at Mullingar railway station.

O'Farrell P (1997), pg 61

Mar-21

At a meeting with Mulcahy and Collins in Dublin, Ernie O’Malley made O/C of the 2nd Southern Division IRA  which comprises Mid and East Limerick Brigades; South and Mid Tipperary Brigades and Kilkenny brigades.

Macardle (1999), pg 439; O’Donoghue (1986), pg 198; O’Malley (1990), pg 288

Mar-22

Mulcahy's papers discovered in raid by British forces

Hopkinson (2002), pg 57 & 225

Mar-22

An RIC cycle patrol is ambushed at Blackwood, Co. Roscommon (between Keadue and Ballyfarnon) - two RIC men are killed (Constable William Devereux and Constable Michael Dowling) and another wounded (Sgt Reilly).  Attack led by Michael Dockery, O/C North Roscommon Brigade.

Abbott (2000), pgs 212-213; O’Farrell (1997), pg 28

Mar-22

The Flying Column of the West Mayo Brigade under Michael Kilroy were checking for ambush positions near Drummin, Co. Mayo (between Westport and Leenaun) when a four man RIC cycle patrol appeared round a bend.  In the ensuing fight, one RIC man was killed (Sgt John Coughlan) and the three others were injured.

Abbott (2000), pg 213

Mar-22

On the night of the 22nd, the IRA launched attacks on the homes of 14 Unionists in the Roslea area of Co. Fermanagh - mostly the homes of B members of the newly formed Special Constabulary.  Two Special Constables (S/Sgt Samuel Nixon and S/Sgt William Gorden) are killed.  S/Sgt Nixon is killed after he surrendered.  Similarly, another man who was in S/Sgt Gorden's house was killed after he surrendered.  When news of these killings reached Belfast, trouble broke out in the York St. area with an exchange of gunfire. This led to the death of Annie Jamison, a Catholic from Moffat St.  (Two Catholic brothers were charged with her murder but were acquitted.)

Abbott (2000), pg 213-214; Parkinson (2004), pg 114

Mar-22

Arthur Mulcahy from Currebeha, Co. Cork is taken from his home by Black and Tans and shot dead. Also M. Fitzgerald from Minard West, Co. Kerry dies.

O’Farrell (1997), pg71 & 107

Mar-23

The flying columns of the North and South Roscommon Brigades under Patrick Madden (O/C South Roscommon Brigade) ambush a nine-man British patrol (Ninth Lancers and RIC) in a Crossley tender at Scramogue (on the Strokestown-Longford road) which results in the death of five members of the British forces.  More Detail

Hopkinson (2002), pg 144; Abbott (2000), pgs 214-215; O'Malley (2001), pgs 100-115; Leavy in The Kerryman (1955), pgs 193-199; O’Farrell (1997), pg 97 & 114

Mar-23

Six IRA men (Daniel Crowley, William Deasy, Thomas Dennehy, Jeremiah Mullane, Daniel Murphy, Michael O'Sullivan) from the 1st Battalion, Cork No. 1 Brigade are killed when they are surrounded in a barn in Clogheen by the British Army.  According to Hart, they were given a 'sporting chance' and shot as they ran.

O'Kelly in The Kerryman (1955), pg 26; Hart (1998), pg 99

Mar-24

British army discover IRA arms dump in Mountjoy Sq, Dublin consisting of 6 rifles and 35 revolvers.

Townshend (1975), pg 175

Mar-24

A. Murphy, Watkins Buildings, The Coombe, Dublin dies.

O'Farrell P (1997), pg 114

Mar-24

Louis Darcy, O/C Headford Battalion, IRA is arrested at Oranmore, Co. Galway.  His body is later found in Galway and, it is alleged, that he was dragged behind a military vehicle from Oranmore to Galway.

O'Farrell P (1997), pg 25

Mar-26

IRA ambush at Keadue, Roscommon

Leavy in The Kerryman (1955), pg 198

Mar-26

An IRA despatch rider, William McCarthy (Lixnaw, Co. Kerry) is arrested and killed, allegedly after being tortured.

O'Farrell P (1997), pg 59

Mar-26

Offices of the Dáil Department of Publicity raided and the equipment used for the production of the Irish Bulletin were removed to Dublin Castle.  Four days later, forged Irish Bulletins began to appear with not-too-subtle anti-IRA propaganda.

Macardle (1999), pg 444; Gallagher (1953), pgs 95-102; Regan (2007), pg 153

Mar -27

D. McEnery from Monegay, Co. Limerick dies.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 112

Mar-29

RIC Constable William Stephens is shot on Knox St., Ballyhaunis, Co. Mayo and later dies of his wounds.

Abbott (2000), pg 216

Mar-30

A four-man RIC cycle patrol is ambushed at Ballyfermot, Co. Dublin which results in the death of two RIC men (H/Constable Edward Mulrooney and Sgt Michael Hallisey) and the serious wounding of one other.

Abbott (2000), pg 216

Mar-30

De Valera, with Dáil authorisation, states in an interview with an American news agency that the IRA is the national defence force.  He said “one of our first governmental acts was to take control of the voluntary armed forces of the nation.  From the Irish Volunteers we fashioned the Irish Republican Army to be the military arm of the government.  This army is, therefore, a regular State force, under the civil control of the elected representatives … and under officers who hold their commissions under warrant from these representatives.  The Government is, therefore, responsible for the actions of this army.” De Valera then went on to defend the tactic of ambushing Crown Forces.  (Gallagher says that the Dáil had given de Valera authority to publicly assume responsibility for the IRA but he does not state when this happened.)

Curran J M (1980), pg 47; Macardle (1999), pgs 436-437; Gallagher (1953), pg 273

Mar-30

Sean Finn, O/C West Limerick Brigade is killed in action in the Ballyhahill/Athea area, Co. Limerick

Harnett (2002), pgs 78-79, O'Farrell (1997), pg 33

Mar-30

An IRA party, led by Dan Hogan, rescue one of their comrades (Matt Fitzpatrick) from County Hospital in Monaghan Town.

O'Kelly in The Kerryman (1955), pgs 200-203

Mar-30

The British army discover an IRA Lewis gun in Harcourt St, Dublin along with 6,000 rounds of ammunition.

Townshend (1975), pg 175

Mar-31

The Flying Column of the Cork (West) No. 3 under Tom Barry attacks Rosscarberry RIC barracks.  Two RIC men are killed (Sgt Ambrose Shea and Constable Charles Bowles).  The mine used in the attack is made by ex-REME Capt McCarthy.

Hopkinson (2002), pg 113; Abbott (2000), pgs 216-217; Deasy (1973), pgs 260-262; O’Farrell (1997), pg 58

Mar-31

RIC Constable Stanley Moore is shot dead on the Main St. of Miltown-Malbay, Co. Clare.

Abbott (2000), pg 218

Mar

Volunteer Charlie Reilly of the Newmarket Column IRA is shot dead at Collagh Bridge, outside of Newmarket

Lynch in The Kerryman (1955), pg 231

Mar

Ned Broy (one of Collins’ main agents inside the Crown forces) is arrested.  However, due to the inadvertent destruction of his papers, nothing could be proved against him.  (Foy gives 17th February as date of arrest.)

O’Farrell (1997), pg 11; Foy (2017), pg 425

Mar

British secret service man killed in Roscommon

Leavy in The Kerryman (1955), pg 198

Mar

T. Golden from Shanagolden, Co. Limerick dies

O’Farrell (1997), pg 113

Late-Mar

The RIC Divisional Commissioner in Galway starts to carry out 'official' reprisals even though Galway is outside the martial law area.  Despite alarm in the Castle, he gets support from Tudor.

Townshend (1975), pg 166

End-Mar

After an earlier raid for arms by the IRA on the Flemings house outside Castleblayney (after which it is rumoured an IRA man died from his wounds), party of 40 to 50 IRA men lay siege to the house.  After receiving a guarantee that his house would be spared, Mr Fleming surrenders.  He and his son are shot dead in front of another son and his daughter.  The Flemings were Protestants.

Dooley (2000), pg 44

End-Mar

An agreement is reached between Sinn Féin and the nationalists for a voting pact for the forthcoming election for the Northern Ireland parliament based on abstention from the Belfast parliament.  This pact is agreed by an 800-strong conference of nationalists in Belfast on the 4th April and in due time is signed by the Joe Devlin ‘on behalf of  U.I.L. and associated organisations’ and by de Valera on behalf of Sinn Féin

Phoenix (1994), pg 119

Mar?

At about this time, de Valera asks Robert Brennan to set up a Foreign Office (where he would be Under-Secretary) to co-ordinate the work of Irish envoys abroad.  Brennan sets up offices in 2 Harcourt Pl (now 36 Fenian St) and brings the following people to work with him: Frank Kelly, James Carty, Mairin Creggan, James Bolger and George Homan.  (Dev also asked Brennan to go to the States!)

Brennan (1950), pgs 297-298

 

 

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