May 1921

 

May-01

The Government of Ireland Act, which had received royal assent on the 23rd December, comes into effect.  Electioneering starts for the Northern Ireland parliament. (Abbott and Macardle say 3rd May.)

 

Parkinson (2004), pg 118-123; Abbott (2000), pg 274; Macardle (1999), pg 452

May-01

Sean Duffy, O/C 1st (Tipperary Town) Battalion, 3rd Tipperary Brigade IRA is shot dead by Auxiliaries at Monard, Limerick Junction.  (He is from Monaghan.)  Paddy Moloney (brother of Con) is killed with him.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 30 & 107; O’Malley (1990), pg 308

 

Early-May

At around this time, O’Malley sets up his 2nd Southern Division HQ with Con Moloney as Adj and Dan Breen as QM.  They set up Divisional HQ near Donohill, Co. Tipperary.

 

O’Malley (1990), pgs 308 & 312

May-01

Two RIC men (Constable George Cutherberston and Constable Walter Shaw) are attacked and killed near Arva, Co. Cavan.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 227-228

May-01

H. Clancy; J. Horan and T. Hennessy from Limerick die as does  and P. Starr from Silver St., Nenagh.  Some of these are killed in at Shraharla

O’Farrell (1997), pg 103 & 109 & 113 & 119; Malone (1996), pg 142

May-02

Captain Patrick Casey of 5th Battalion, Mid-Limerick Brigade executed in Cork

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 157

May-02

P. Farrell from Longford dies as does T. McEver, Dunmore, Co. Galway

O’Farrell (1997), pg 107 & 112

May-02

Ambush at Uskerty Wood, Co. Kilkenny led by George O’Dwyer

O’Farrell (1997), pg 32 & 79

May-02

A mixed police and military bicycle patrol from Galbally, Co Limerick is attacked by the IRA at Lackelly.  According to Hopkinson, despite vastly outnumbering the patrol, the IRA suffer between 5 and 14 casualties.  Malone says there were four IRA casualties and names them as Tom Howard (from Glanbrohane, Co. Limerick); Willie O’Riordain (both East Limerick Brigade); James Frawley (Frahill in O’Farrell) and Pat Ryan (Mid or West Limerick Brigade).

 

Hopkinson (2002), pg 121; O'Farrell P (1997), pg 108; Malone (1996), pgs 142-145

May-02

 The body of a chemist, Thomas McEver, is found at Dunmore, Tuam, Co. Galway with a label saying “Convicted Spy – Executed by IRA”. It is alleged that he was killed by Crown Forces.

O'Farrell P (1997), pg 62

May-03

The flying column of the South Mayo Brigade of the IRA, led by Brigade O/C Tom Maguire, ambushes an RIC supply patrol in the village of Tourmakeady - four RIC men (Constable Christopher O'Regan, Constable Herbert Oates, Constable William Power, Constable (Sergeant?) John Regan) are killed. It is claimed that Regan was killed while lying injured.   In a subsequent wide-scale search by the British Army, Tom Maguire is wounded and his Brigade adjutant, Michael O'Brien (from Neale) is killed.  In addition, an IRA scout (Padraic Feeney) was captured and later killed by the RIC.  There was also one British Army casualty.  More Detail 

Hopkinson (2002), pg 135; Abbott (2000), pgs 228-229; O'Malley (2001), pgs 116-133; Gallagher in The Kerryman (1955), pgs 211-214; O’Farrell (1997), pg 75; Macardle (1999), pgs 440-441; Kautt (2017), pgs 413-414

May-03

Two RIC men are killed in a shop in Barrack St., Clonakilty, Co. Cork.  One dies (Constable James Cullen) dies the same day while the other (Constable Martin Fallon) dies six days later.

Abbott (2000), pg 230

May-03

In an interview with Dr. Eugen Zehnder of the Neue Zeitung from Zurich, de Valera is asked if he would accept Dominion Home Rule on the Canadian model.  He replied that Canada and New Zealand were members of the Commonwealth of their own free will and if England were to offer Ireland Dominion Home Rule then it would, in effect, be admitting its right to have a republic.

Macardle (1999), pg 449

May-03

M. Downey from Limerick dies

O’Farrell (1997), pg 106

May-04

At Bog Road, a half-mile from Rathmore, Co Kerry, a combined force from the Cork No. 2 and Kerry No. 2 brigades ambushes a nine-man party of police, who were lured to the spot by the body of a suspected spy (80-yr-old Thomas Sullivan) placed by the side of the road.  The ambush results in the death of eight policemen (Sgt Thomas McCormack, Constable Walter Brown, Constable William Clapp, Constable Robert Dyne, Constable Alfred Hillyer, Constable James Phelan, Constable Samuel Watkins, Constable Hedley Woodcock).  Constable Hickey is the one survivor of the ambush.  In retaliation, the Crown forces burn five houses in the vacinity of the ambush and Rathmore creamery.

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 168; Abbott (2000), pg 230-231 & Hopkinson (2002), pg 126

May-05

Craig and de Valera meet in Dublin  - Macardle claims that both had misleadingly been brought to believe that the other sought the meeting - for details of meeting see Hopkinson. Parksinson notes that nothing came of the meeting.

Augusteijn (2002), pg 234; Macardle (1999), pg 450 & Hopkinson (2002), pg 161; Parkinson (2004), pg 122

May-05 

D. Killoury from Moymore, Co. Clare dies. 

O’Farrell (1997), pg 110

May-06

Ambush by West Mayo IRA at Big Wall, Islaneady (between Westport and Castlebar) goes wrong for them and results in two IRA being killed and two captured.  Another IRA man is killed later.

Hopkinson (2002), pg 134

May-06

An RIC patrol is ambushed at Newton, near Annacarthy, Co. Tipperary resulting in the death of one RIC man (Sgt James Kingston) and one IRA man.

Abbott (2000), pg 231

May-07

A 10-man RIC patrol is ambushed near Ballynacargy, Co. Westmeath and results in the death of one RIC man (Sgt Murray) and the wounding of one other.

Abbott (2000), pg 231

May-07

RIC Detective Inspector Ferris was shot four times as he left St Paul’s Presbytery in Belfast but survives.  (He had worked with Swanzy in Cork and was the investigating officer in the Duffin murders.)  Jimmy McDermott, O/C 1st Battalion, was probably involved in this shooting.

Parkinson (2004), pgs 126-127; McDermott (2001), pg 80

May-07

An RIC cycle patrol was ambushed at Inch, Co. Wexford (between Coolgreany and Gorey) resulting in the death of one RIC man (Constable Frederick Depree) and the wounding of one other (Sgt Dolan).

Abbott (2000), pg 232

May-07

An RIC man (Constable Thomas Hopkins), who is on leave, is shot dead near his father's home at Lefane, Co. Mayo

Abbott (2000), pg 232

May-08

One of the two Belfast flying columns, which was operating in the Cootehill area of Cavan (the other operated in Belfast), is surrounded by British troops in the Lappinduff Mountains resulting in the death of one IRA man (S. McCarthy or Sean McCartney from Norfolk St., Belfast?) and the capture of most of the rest of the column (10 men).  Their position had been given away by an informer.  They had only arrived in Cavan two days earlier.  They were led by Joe McGee who escaped along with maybe three others.  The captured men were sentenced to death by a Court Martial but were saved by the Truce.  The captured men were Thomas Fox, Joseph McGlinchey, James McKenna, Peter Callghan, John McDermott, Patrick Smith, Patrick Clarke, Patrick McGill, James Finn and Patrick Dougan.

Hopkinson (2002), pg 147; O’Farrell (1997), pg 112; McDermott (2001), pgs 80-82

May-08

Two RIC men are attacked as they are returning from church in Castleisland, Co. Kerry. One is killed (H/Constable William Storey) and one is wounded (Sgt Butler) but is saved by his wife throwing herself on him in order to protect him from further bullets.

Abbott (2000), pg 232

May-08

An RIC man (Constable Frederick Sterland) is shot by four men in Cook St., Cork City - he later dies from his wounds.

Abbott (2000), pg 233

May-08

IRA attack RIC barracks in Newcastle, Co. Down

McDermott (2001), pg 82

May-10

Two RIC men (Constable Alexander Clarke and Constable Charles Mudock) disappear while out walking in the townland of Binnion, near Clonmany, Co. Donegal.  Constable Clarke's body is found on the seashore the next day.  Constable Murdock's body is never found.  It is believed that the IRA dumped both bodies into the sea.

Abbott (2000), pg 233

May-10

Two West Cork IRA men (Frank Hurley of Laragh, Bandon and Geoffrey Canty of Newcestown) are killed. Hurley is killed after being captured by the Essex Regiment. (O’Farrell says 9th May.)

Deasy (1973), pgs 272-273; O’Farrell (1997), pg 47

May-11

Llyod George was considering seeking a truce for the period of the election but Wilson told him that “We are having more success than usual in killing rebels and now is the time to reinforce and not to parley”

Macardle (1999), pg 450

May-11

A Special Harbour Constable (Alfred Craig) was shot dead at the entrance to York Dock West on Ship St. in Belfast.  The attack was carried out by D company, Belfast Brigade, IRA who were trying to disarm him. 

Abbott (2000), pg 236; Parkinson (2004), pg 127; McDermott (2001), pg 83

May-12

British cabinet considers truce with Liberal ministers (except Llyod George and Edward Shortt, the Home Secretary) for and Conservative ministers (especially Balfour) against.  Llyod George says that he was not prepared to give Ireland the degree of independence enjoyed by Canada and Australia, that the Dominion idea would be used to exact too many concessions from Britain.

Curran J M (1980), pg 53; Townshend (1975), pg 181

May-12

Four IRA men (Con Dee, Paddy Dalton, Jerry Lyons and Paddy Walsh) who were returning home from a retreat at a church in Athea, Co. Limerick are arrested by the Black and Tans at Gortaglanna in Co Kerry - they are brought to a crossroads leading to Knockanure where they are ordered into a field and shot.  Three are killed but one (Con Dee) manages to escape.

Harnett (2002), pgs 93-95

May-12

A memo from Lieut-Colonel H.O. Hutchin, General Staff, 6th Division of the British Army (Munster) to troops in the area says that “It is highly desirable on political grounds to endeavour to improve relations with the inhabitants.” It goes on to say that it was “impossible to supply sufficient troops”.  (This memo is published by the Irish Bulletin of the 17th June.)

Gallagher (1953), pg 112

May-13

124 Sinn Féin and 4 Unionists (TCD) are nominated for as many seats in Southern Parliament and, as no opposing candidates are nominated, they are all effectively elected.

O'Farrell P (1997), pg xviii

May-13

J. Magee from Boher, Cooley, Co. Louth dies

O’Farrell (1997), pg 113

May-13

An RIC man (Constable Albert Skeats) is shot at Cabinteely, Co. Dublin.  He died 15 days later from his wounds.

Abbott (2000), pg 237

May-14

IRA attempt to rescue of Sean MacEoin from Mountjoy Jail but it does not succeedMore Detail 

Hopkinson (2002), pg 101-102; Hayes et al in The Kerryman (1955), pgs 215-220; Dalton (1929), pgs 144-161

May-14

The 1st Southern Division of the IRA carry out attacks on Crown forces for the executions of IRA prisoners in Cork.  O’Donoghue claims that in this week there were 55 British casualties, including 23 deaths.  Abbott says that during May, 56 police officers were killed which was the largest of any month between 1919 and the Truce. 

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 158 and pg 167; Abbott (2000), pg 237

May-14

An RIC man (Constable John Kenna) is shot dead near his barracks in Innishannon, Co. Cork.  The attack is carried out by Jim O'Mahony, local battalion adjutant, and three other IRA men.

Abbott (2000), pg 237

May-14

An RIC man (Sgt Joseph Coleman) is shot dead in a public house in Middleton, Co. Cork.  When a group of police arrive at the scene, two RIC men (Constable Thomas Cornyn and Constable Harold Thompson) are sent for the priest for Sgt Coleman but they are also attacked and shot dead.

Abbott (2000), pg 238

May-14

RIC Constable Robert Redmond is shot at Frankfort Cottages in Killarney St., Dublin - he dies on his way to hospital.

Abbott (2000), pg 238

May-14

A seven-man RIC patrol is attacked on Watercourse Rd., Cork resulting in the deaths of three of them (Constable Peter Carolan, Constable Patrick Hayes and Constable John Ryle).   O’Farrell says that Fr James O’Flynn goes to minister to the dying and is shot at by Black and Tans,

Abbott (2000), pg 238-9; O’Farrell (1997), pg 80

May-14

Three RIC men are attacked in the village of Drumcollogher, Co. Limerick by men from the 3rd Battalion, West Limerick Brigade, IRA.  One RIC man is killed (Constable Thomas Bridges) and others wounded.  The attack was led by Bat. O/C Constable Foley and V/C Ben Sullivan.  There were RIC reprisals the following night.

Abbott (2000), pg 239; Harnett (2002), pgs 100-101

May-14

H/Constable Francis Benson is shot dead near his home in Pembroke St., Tralee, Co Kerry

Abbott (2000), pg 239-240

May-14

IRA party led by Sean Gaynor ambush a car and kill D/I Harry Biggs and Miss Barrington at Collboreen between Kilorcully and Newport in North Tipperary.  Two other ladies in the car and a British Army officer escape unhurt. (Hopkinson says 15th May)

Hopkinson (2002), pg 118; Abbott (2000), pgs 240-241; Regan (2007), pg 151

May14

A large force of IRA (120 men) attempt to ambush a lorry load of Auxiliaries in the square in Dunmanway under Tadgh O'Sullivan (3rd Brigade V/C) and Paddy O'Brien (Dunmanway Battalion O/C).  However, the arrival of two RIC men as the attack is being prepared mean that the Auxiliaries do not get into the square.

Deasy (1973), pgs 273-276

May-14

A party of IRA men in a Model T Ford car, led by Tom Barry, fire with a Lewis machine gun on a number of  soldiers from the Essex regiment who are in a field beside the Grammar School in Bandon, Co Cork.

Deasy (1973), pg 276

May-15

RIC Constable Hugh McLean was shot two miles outside Skibbereen, Co. Cork and died later of his wounds. IRA unit led by Cornelius Connolly.

Abbott (2000), pg 241; O'Farrell P (1997), pg 20

May-15

M. Aherne from Ballyrichard, Co. Cork and T. Barry from Midleton, Co. Cork die

 

O’Farrell (1997), pg 102

May-15

A number of police officers are attacked as they leave the church in Bansha, Co. Tipperary resulting in the death of one (Constable John Nutley) and the wounding of two others.

Abbott (2000), pg 241

May-15

An RIC man (District/Inspector Cecil Blake), his wife and two British Army officers (Capt Cornwallis and Lt McCreery) were killed in an ambush by South Galway/East Clare IRA at the gates of Ballyturin House, near Gort, Co. Galway.  Mrs Robert Gregory of Coole Park (Lady Gregory’s daughter-in-law) is released. When police and military rushed to the scene, a shot rang out killing RIC Constable John Kearney.  (O'Farrell says that the killings were in retaliation for the killing of Fr Griffin.)

 

Abbott (2000), pg 241-242; Hopkinson (2002), pg 138; O'Farrell P (1997), pg 21

May-15

Rev Fr James O’Callaghan from Clogheen, Co. Cork is shot by Crown Forces during a raid on his lodgings in Cork City.  He subsequently dies of his wounds.  (Gallagher says it was in March 1921 during a raid on the house of Alderman Laim de Roiste in Cork City.)

 

O’Farrell (1997), pg 76; Gallagher (1953), pg 293

Mid-May

Con Murphy of the Timoleague Company of 3rd Cork Brigade IRA is killed by Essex Regiment of the British Army at Cloondereen.

 

Deasy (1973), pg 271

May-16

Daniel O'Brien, from Liscarroll and member of Charleville Battalion, Cork No. 2 Brigade is executed in Cork.  He had been captured on the 11th May at Aughvrin, near Liscarrol.

 

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 157; O’Farrell (1997), pg 75

May-16

Sean Moylan, Commandant Cork No. 2 Brigade, is captured near Kiskeam.  He is succeeded by George Power as Brigade Commandant with Paddy O'Brien (from Liscarrol) as Vice Commandant.  (Lynch says that Paddy O'Brien took over.)

 

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 169; Lynch in The Kerryman (1955), pg 232

May-16

A detachment of 120 Auxiliaries arrive in Millstreet, Co Cork and take over the old Workhouse.  That night their supplies at Millstreet Railway Station are burnt by the IRA.  The Auxiliaries subsequently moved to Mount Leader House outside Millstreet.

 

Lynch in The Kerryman (1955), pg 231

May-16

Sean Wall, O/C of East Limerick Brigade, IRA is killed on way to first council meeting of the 2nd Southern Division.

 

O’Malley (1990), pg 308, O’Farrell (1997), pg 119

May-16

Announced that henceforth the RIC in Belfast would not wear numerals on their tunics – this made them indistinguishable from the Specials.

 

McDermott (2001), pg 83

May-16

A Catholic teenager, Mary Ann Carroll (13) is shot by a sniper in North Queen St., Belfast and later dies from her wounds.

 

Parkinson (2004), pgs 127-128; McDermott (2001), pg 84

May-17

An RIC cycle patrol is ambushed at Fortwilliam, near Rathcline, Co. Longford (between Lanesborough and Ballymahon) resulting in the death of one policeman (Constable Edward Kenyon) and wounding of three others.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 242-243

May-17

Two RIC constables (Constable Edward Doran and Constable John Dunne) are killed at Kilcormac Road, Kinnity, Co Offally when their patrol is attacked.  (Hopkinson says 19th May.)

 

Hopkinson (2002), pg 146; Abbott (2000), pg 243

May-17

RIC man Constable Charles Mead is reported missing at Ballyseedy, Co. Kerry.  Reports state that he was killed by two men and a quantity of blood is found at the scene.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 313

May-17

J. Hayden from Gortford, Gliter, Cookstown, Co. Tyrone dies.

 

O’Farrell (1997), pg 109

May-17

A Catholic teenager, Philomena Burns, is shot standing at her front door on Upton St., Belfast and later dies in hospital.  (McDermott says she died on the 15th.)  Later, bombs are thrown at a police lorry on the Springfield Rd.

 

Parkinson (2004), pg 128; McDermott (2001), pg 84

May-18

An RIC patrol is ambushed in Letterkenny, Co. Donegal resulting in the death of Constable Albert Carter.  At the same time, the local RIC Barracks was attacked.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 242-243

May-18

T. Kelleher from Clonmbroney, Co. Longford dies.

 

O’Farrell (1997), pg 110

May-18

An RIC sergeant (Sgt Francis Butler) is shot outside the police barracks in Newport, Co Mayo.

Abbott (2000), pg 244;  Hopkinson (2002), pg 134

May-18

An Orangeman, George Walker (19), is shot by a sniper as he walked through west Belfast in a feeder parade to a major rally in the Oval.  Most of the rally’s participants, after the rally, went to the city centre via the Albertbridge route but a section went via the Newtonards Rd. and the Short Strand.  This led to disturbances during with a Catholic ex-soldier John Smyth (29) was shot and he died shortly afterwards.

 

Parkinson (2004), pg 128; McDermott (2001), pg 84

May-19

The flying column of the West Mayo Brigade, led by Brigade O/C Michael Kilroy ambushes a two-vehicle RIC patrol at Kilmeena (between Newport and Westport).  British counter-attack and in the ensuing battle and pursuit, six (or four) IRA men are killed including Seamus McEvilly (from Castlebar) and Paddy Jordan (Vice-Commandant of the Castlebar Battalion).  Also, one RIC man - Constable Harry Beckett - is killed and another H/Constable Potter is wounded.

 

Hopkinson (2002), pg 134; Abbott (2000), pg 244

May-19

A man named Collins from Belfast dies.

 

O’Farrell (1997), pg 104

May-19

Following an anti-partitionist rally in the Short Strand area of Belfast, disturbances break out during which four people are shot.  One of them, Eleanor Lena Kelly (13), subsequently dies from her wounds.

 

Parkinson (2004), pg 128; McDermott (2001), pg 84

May-19

Date set for the elections to the 128 seat Parliament of Southern Ireland (set up under Government of Ireland Act) and the 33 MPs for Westminster.  The Dáil government decreed that these elections were to be regarded as elections to the Second Dáil (but would not recognise elections to the Senate as it contained senators nominated by the representative of the Crown).   No elections were necessary only Sinn Féin people were nominated.

 

Macardle (1999), pg452

May-20

Two unarmed RIC men (Constable Leonard Booth and Constable William Stewart) were cycling from Longford to their barracks in Ballinalee when they were attacked at Killeter (near Killoe) and are killed.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 245

May-20

Edward Hawkins and John Sherlock are shot by the IRA as informers in Cork City.  (Daniel Hawkins, Edward's father, is also shot but escapes by feigning death.)

Hart (1998), pgs 15-16

May-21

RIC Sgt Joseph Anderson is shot and killed at Hampton, Balbriggan, Co. Dublin

Abbott (2000), pg 245

May-21

An RIC cycle patrol is attacked between Greencastle and Mountfield, Co. Tyrone resulting in the death of Sgt Peter McDonagh

Abbott (2000), pg 245

May-21

Jack Ryan, Capt of the Ballinspittle Company, IRA is betrayed by one of his own men as he sets up an attack but manages to escape and may have injured Major Percival of the Essex Regiment.

Deasy (1973), pgs 278-280

May-22

Date set for the elections to the 128 seat Parliament of Southern Ireland (set up under Government of Ireland Act) and the 33 MPs for Westminster.  The Dáil government decreed that these elections were to be regarded as elections to the Second Dáil (but would not recognise elections to the Senate as it contained senators nominated by the representative of the Crown).  Also, reinforced its non-recognition of partition by declaring that all those returned in the elections to the Northern Parliament were de facto members of the Dáil

All 124 seats are filled by Sinn Féin - apart from the 4 University seats - no other candidates put themselves forward.  For Northern elections, see May 24th. 

 

Hopkinson (2002), pg 192-193; Phoenix (1994), pg 133;  Macardle (1999), pg452

May-22

Pope Benedict issues a letter exhorting the "English as well as Irish to calmly consider … some means of agreement".  The British were dismayed by this statement as they were working for a condemnation of the IRA by the Pope and they said that the letter "put HMG [His Majesty's Government] and the Irish murder gang on a footing of equality"

 

Coogan (1990), pg 204

May-23

C. Gleeson from Upperchurch, Co. Tipperary dies

 

O’Farrell (1997), pg 108

May-23

Police are ambushed near Rockmills, Co Cork and two are killed.  (Abbott does not mention this ambush.)

 

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 138

May-23

An 18-man RIC patrol is seeking the Flying Column of the West Mayo Brigade is the hills around Lower Shiragh.  The encounter a 30-man Column and in the ensuing gun battle one RIC man (Constable Joseph Maguire) and one is wounded (DI Munroe)

Abbott (2000), pg 246

May-24

British GOC in Ireland (Macready) in a memo to CIGS (Wilson) says, with respect to the troops serving in Ireland, that affairs "must be brought to a conclusion by October or steps must be taken to relieve practically the whole of the troops together with the great majority of their commanders".  This was conveyed to Laming Worthington-Evans (Secretary of State for War) by Wilson.  In a memo to the British cabinet the same day, Worthington-Evans warns that there is "a risk that a position of virtual stalemate may continue throughout the summer and that winter will be a time of decisive advantage to the rebels".  This went well beyond what Macready had said.  Townshend says that the British Army's motive in talking in such terms was to impel the British Cabinet either to make terms with the rebels or to stop compromising over coercion. 

 

Curran J M (1980), pg 54;  Townshend (1975), pg 183

May-24

Michael Collins shows Tom Barry a Thompson sub-machine gun in Dublin.  Some 25-50 were shipped into Ireland from the States in May.

Townshend (1975), pg 180

May-24

D. Broderick from Ballymacelligot, Co. Kerry dies.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 103

May-24

Date for election in the six counties for the 52 seat Northern Ireland Parliament - Unionists get 40 seats; SF 6 and Home Rulers 6.  The Unionists had put forward 40 candidates; Sinn Féin had put forward 20 candidates and the Home Rulers 12.  Four independent and Labour candidates are successful.  Turnout of 89%.  Seen as major victory for Craig and the Unionists (with widespread reports of intimidation of nationalist voters).  However, Sinn Féin and nationalists got combined vote of 32.3% (i.e. 165,293 out of electorate of 582,464) – 20.5% for Sinn Féin and 11.8% for the nationalists.  In addition, Tyrone and Fermanagh had a nationalist majority of 7,831 with 57% of electorate voting for Sinn Féin or UIL.  (Parkinson says electorate was 380,000.)

 

Curran J M (1980), pg 53; Phoenix (1994), pgs 129-130; Parkinson (2004), pgs 124-126

May-25

 Burning of Customs house by about 120 IRA men led by Oscar Traynor - 6 IRA killed and 70 captured.  Hopkinson says that between 80 and 130 captured.  Townshend says that "Macready gave the number arrested as 111, Greenwood as 127; Republican historians have preferred 80-90."  Townshend says that it was a "disastrously mismanaged stroke".  One of the IRA men killed was D. Head (from Seville Pl.) – he had earlier dropped a grenade from the Loop Line Bridge into a truckload of RIC men.  Others killed included Patrick and Stephen O’Reilly.     

John Kiernan and Fred Lawlor (3rd Battalion, Dublin Brigade) took over switchboard of Tara St Fire Station. Jimmy Conroy and Tom Kehoe were among the captured and Jim Slattery badly wounded.

 

Curran J M (1980), pg 47; Hopkinson (2002), pg 103; Traynor in The Kerryman (1955), pg 220-224; Townshend (1975), pg 180; O'Farrell P (1997), pg 43; Gallagher (1953), pgs 275-278; Dalton (1929), pgs 162-165

May-25

A Catholic ex-soldier, Thomas Reilly (39), is shot dead by a Protestant gunman near his home in Butler St., Belfast.  McDermott says that all the seven casualties [in Belfast] this month were west Belfast Catholics.  However, Parkinson gives five Catholics killed (including three young girls) and two Protestants.

 

Parkinson (2004), pg 128; McDermott (2001), pg 84

May-25

A Cavan RIC report states the body of a 60-year-old shoemaker called Briedy was found riddled with bullets with an IRA notice saying he was a spy.  This may or may not have been connected with the Lappinduff ambush – see May 8th.

 

McDermott (2001), pg 82

May-25

J. Brown from Kilmeena, Co. Mayo dies as does J. Connor from Barrowhouse, Athy, Co. Kildare.  Also S. Dorman from Cork; and E. Dorrins from Church Rd., East Wall, Dublin

 

O’Farrell (1997), pg 103 & 104 & 106

May-26

Two unarmed RIC men were returning from leave to their barracks in Kildysart, Co. Clare when they were attacked at Cooga - one was killed (Constable Edgar Budd) but the other (Constable Irvine) escaped.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 246

May-26

The British Cabinet reconstituted the Irish Situation Committee, which had not met since August 1920, with Chamberlain as it chairman.  It met the same day to discuss the extension of martial law.  The following members were present: Chamberlain, Worthington-Evans, Greenwood, Balflour, Shortt and Fischer.  In addition, the following were in attendance: Macready, Wilson, Guest (Sec. Of State for Air), Trenchard (Chief of Air Staff) and Brook (Deputy Chief of Naval Staff).  The committee decided that martial law should be declared through-out the 26 counties by the 12th July if the southern parliament failed to function and that the army should be reinforced by 16 battalions or more.  (Gallagher notes that it met as the Customs House still burnt.)

 

Townshend (1975), pgs 183-184; Macardle (1999), pg 459

May-27

Start of large scale searches in the Midlands by British Army 5th Division armoured column.  It was to last until June 16th and extend over five counties.  A few IRA men were captured.

 

Townshend (1975), pgs 187-188

May-27

An internal IRA GHQ memo expresses concern on the lack of discipline on the part of ‘juniors’ in Belfast.

 

Parkinson (2004), pg 126

May-28

O'Donoghue claims that in the four weeks ending 28th May, the "ascertained" British casualties included 76 killed and 106 wounded.  Townshend says that from beginning of May to Truce (11th July), the British suffered 162 fatal casualties (114 police and 48 military) which was one quarter of all their casualties during the two and half years of conflict.

 

O'Donoghue (1986), pg 167; Townshend (1975), pg 185

May-28

The Flying Column of the 3rd Cork Brigade lie in ambush at Gloundaw (between Dunmanway and Drimoleague) but no British forces appeared. 

 

Deasy (1973), pgs 283-288

May-28

Diarmaid Hurley, O/C 4th Battalion, Cork No. 1 Brigade IRA is killed in action at Carrigona, Midleton.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 47; Cashman in The Kerryman (1955), pg 60

May-28

L. Burke from Ballyhooley, Co. Cork dies

O’Farrell (1997), pg 103

May-29

J. Boland from Aughamore, Co. Mayo and T. Howley from Ballina, Co. Mayo die.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 102 & 110

May-29

Attack on Castletownroche, Co Cork police barracks results in one Black and Tan being killed.  (Abbott does not mention this attack.)

 

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 138

May-29

A 12-man patrol of the Special Constabulary was ambushed at Mullaghfad Cross, Co. Fermanagh (between Fivemiletown and the Monaghan border) resulting in the death of the two special constables (S/Constable Robert Coulter and S/Constable James Hall).

 

Abbott (2000), pg 246-247

May-30

Bomb hidden in culvert near Youghal by IRA blows up and results in 29 casualties (according to Hart) to the Hampshire regimental band. Hopkinson says seven are killed and 21 wounded.

 

Hart (1998), pgs 106 & Hopkinson (2002), pg 113

May-30

An RIC patrol comes across an IRA group trenching a road at Kilroosky (5 miles from Roscommon).  Shooting breaks out and one RIC man (Constable George Redding) is killed and a number of IRA men are captured.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 247

May-30

An RIC cycle patrol is ambushed at Tullyvarragh, Co. Monaghan (between Carrickmacross and Castleblayney) resulting in the death of Constable Walter Perkins.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 247

May-30

M. McAneaney from Balleady, Co. Monaghan and T. McAneaney from Corlealackagh, Co. Monaghan dies.

 

O’Farrell (1997), pg 111

May(?)

A young man called Boyce is shot dead by a British soldier near Broadford, Co. Limerick as he went about his farm work.

 

Harnett (2002), pg 166

May

A Longford IRA man, Thomas Kelleher, is killed after shooting an Auxiliary at Drumlish.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 50

May

The 1st Western Division of the IRA formed comprising the three Clare brigades and the South Galway brigade and Michael Brennan is appointed Divisional Commander.  According to Brennan, as there had been "a certain amount of friction for years between the staff of the Mid-Clare brigade and East Clare", he was ordered for the present to not assume command over the Mid-Clare brigade.  He set about rebuilding the IRA in South Galway.

 

Brennan (1980) pgs 101-102

May

S. Doyle from 55 Amiens St., Dublin dies as does J. Lacey from Augharea, Athy, Co. Kildare.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 106 & 110

End-May

Squad and Dublin Brigade ASU merged into Dublin Guard - many resign as they refuse to serve under Paddy Daly.

 

Hopkinson (2002), pg 103

May

3rd Northern Division of IRA formed taking in Antrim (including Belfast) and North Down with Joe McKelvey as O/C.  Seamus Woods is O/C of Belfast Brigade.

 

Phoenix (1994), pg 141

 

 

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