June 1921

 

Jun-01

A policeman (Constable Joseph Holman) is killed at Ballinrush, Kilworth, Co Cork when out walking with a female friend.

 

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 138; Abbott (2000), pgs 247-248

Jun-01

Five policemen (including a sergeant and a DI) of a cycle patrol are killed in an ambush between Castlemaine and Milltown.  The ambush is carried out by the Kerry No. 1 Brigade Column under Tadgh Brosnan and men from the 3rd Battalion under Tom O'Connor.  The policeman killed were DI Michael McCaughey, Sgt James Collery, Constable Joseph Cooney, Constable John McCormack and Constable John Quirk.  An IRA man (Jerry Myles) was wounded.  Gallagher says that there were nine RIC men and that the ambush party consisted of 18 to 20 men but they had only one rifle and one carbine between them with the rest of the IRA men armed with shotguns until additional men from "The Hut" arrived with five rifles.  The IRA got 8 or 9 rifles, 6 revolvers and a quantity of ammunition. O’Farrell says that Myles was killed in action.

 

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 168; Abbott (2000), pg 248-249; Gallagher in The Kerryman (1955), pgs 225-228; O’Farrell (1997), pg 73

Jun-01

Main office of Intelligence Section of IRA GHQ at 5 Mespil Rd is raided by British forces.  The owner of the house, Ms Patricia Hoey, feigns her mother’s illness to get message to warn Collins who is on his way to the house.

 

O'Farrell P (1997), pg 45

Jun-01

Two RIC men are killed after being captured at an ambush at Culleens, Co Sligo.  (This is not mentioned by Abbott.) 

 

Hopkinson (2002), pg 137

Jun-02

Attack on a police patrol (both cycle and car) by North Tipperary Flying Column led by Sean Gaynor at Kallegbeg Cross, Modreeny (between Borrisokane and Cloughjordan) results in the death of four RIC men.  More Detail

Abbott (2000), pgs 249-250;  Hopkinson (2002), pg 122; O'Malley (2001), pgs 134-155

Jun-02

British cabinet endorses recommendations of Irish Situation Committee (see 26th May) and Worthington-Evans begins sending troop reinforcements.  Llyod George equivocal on military being right for the job.  

 

 

Jun-02

M. Carty from Aughaderry, Loughglynn, Co. Roscommon dies as does J. McCarron from Ballybofey, Co. Donegal.

Gleeson (1962), pg 105; Breen (1989), pg 132; O’Farrell (1997), pg 103 & 112

Jun-03

The flying column of the West Mayo Brigade of the IRA led by Michael Kilroy ambushes an RIC patrol at Carrowkennedy (between Leenane and Westport) resulting in the death of seven policemen (Hopkinson says six).  Their names were District Inspector Edward Stevenson, Sgt Francis Creegan, Constable Sydney Blythe, Constable James Brown, Constable John Doherty, Constable Thomas Dowling and Constable William French.  Four other constables were seriously wounded.

 

Hopkinson (2002), pg 135; Abbott (2000), pgs 250-252

Jun-03

Chief Secretary (Greenwood) issues order that official reprisals are to cease. 

Townshend (1975), pg 185

Jun-03

S. McEntyre from Lagan, Belturbett, Co, Cavan dies.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 112

Jun-04

Attempted ‘springing’ of a republican prisoner from Crumlin Road jail.  Three IRA men (Sean O’Neill; Jimmy McDermott and Pat McCarragher) dressed in British army and RIC uniforms drove up to the jail and were admitted.  They said they were to take custody of some IRA prisoners (those captured at Lappinduff – see May 8th) but one of the IRA men (O’Neill) was arrested and the alarm was raised.  The three men escaped but did not spring any prisoners.

 

Parkinson (2004), pg 126; McDermott (2001), pgs 85-86

Jun-04

IRA burn ordnance store in the Dublin Shell factory destroying 5 armoured cars and 35 other vehicles.  Townshend comments that this type of action could be repeated elsewhere.

 

Townshend (1975), pg 185-186

Jun-04

P. Burns from Cork dies

O’Farrell (1997), pg 103

Jun-04

Thomas Keane executed in Military Detention Barracks Limerick.  Mourners outside attacked by Black and Tans. 

 

O’Farrell (1997), pg 49; Macardle (1999), pg 984

Jun-05

An RIC patrol is attacked in Swatragh, Co. Derry resulting in the death of Sgt Michael Burke and the wounding of S/Constable Kennedy.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 253

Jun-05

P. McAteer from Faughilotra, Co. Antrim dies

O’Farrell (1997), pg 111

Jun-05

A police patrol is attacked by men from the 2nd Battalion, West Limerick Brigade in Abbeyfeale, Co. Limerick resulting in the death of one (Constable Robert Jolly) and the wounding of five others.  RIC reprisals follow.

 

Abbott (2000), pgs 253-254; Harnett (2002), pgs 101-103

Jun-06

In his weekly summary, the Chief Secretary (Greenwood) admitted that there was 'a very marked increase in rebel military activity'.  In late March, British military and police casualties were about 30 per week, but in the second week of May they had risen to 55 per week, and to 67 in the first week in June, with 23 and 24 fatalities respectively.

 

Townshend (1975), pg 180

Jun-07

Edward Foley (Galbally, Co Limerick) and Paddy Maher (Knocklong, Co Limerick) hung in Dublin for their part in the rescue of Sean Hogan at Knocklong Railway Station on 13th  May 1919.  A third man who had also been found guilty (Michael Murphy) was released after the Truce.  Foley had taken part in the rescue but Maher had not.  An RIC man called William Mitchell was also hung in Mountjoy that morning - he had been convicted of murdering a Justice of the Peace in Dunlavin, Co. Wicklow while trying to extort money from him.  He was the only member of the Crown Forces to be found guilty of murder during this entire period.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 39; Carey (2001), pg 6; Breen (1989), pg 59 & 68 - who says 6th June; Carey (2001), pg 174

Jun-07

Opening of the Parliament of Northern Ireland by the Lord Lieutenant, Viscount Allen, in City Hall in Belfast with the 40 Unionist members in attendance - the 6 Nationalists and 6 Sinn Féin members refuse to attend but the Nationalists later take their seats.  (This is somewhat ironic as it meant that Ireland’s first Catholic Lord Lieutenant was addressing an all-unionist – and probably all-Protestant - body.)  James Craig elected Prime Minister.  Senate elected with 24 Unionist members.  Later announced that the British king, George V, would formally open the parliament on 22nd June.

 

Curran J M (1980), pg 53; Macardle (1999), pg 454; Phoenix (1994), pg 132; Parkinson (2004), pg 129

Jun-07

D. Crowley from Dunmanway, Co. Cork dies.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 105

Jun-08

A patrol of Special Constables engaged a group of IRA men in the townland of Corrogs just outside Newry, Co. Down resulting in the wounding of one Special Constable.  Reinforcements were sent and they were attacked when entering a cottage - this resulted in the death of one Special Constable (S/Constable George Lyness) and two IRA men.  The above is Abbott’s version of events.  Macardle gives a completely different version saying that the Specials entered a house in Corrogs and kill two men Stephen Magee and his brother Owen.  They also severely beat their father.  Macardle includes a sworn statement from the bothers’ sister as Appendix 14.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 254; Macardle (1999), pg 455 and Appendix 14; O’Farrell (1997), pg 113

Jun-08

D. Buckley from Macroom, Co. Cork dies

O’Farrell (1997), pg 103

Jun-09

RIC Constable Denis O'Leary was cycling to his lodgings in the village of Carrigbeg, Co. Waterford when he was shot dead as he reached the village.

Abbott (2000), pg 254

Jun-09

Colonel Comdt Lambert, who was traveling along with his wife, Colonel Challoner and his wife, when their car is ambushed at Moydrum, Athlone resulting in his death.

O’Farrell (1997), pgs 53-54

Jun-10 to 15

From 10th to 15th June, riots in Belfast in which 150 Catholic families driven from their home. Six Catholic men killed by Specials and another 11 killed during the riots.  Phoenix says that 14 people killed in June and 76 wounded.  McDermott says that 14 people were killed in Belfast during June – 10 of whom were Catholics with 5 of the latter killed in reprisals by the Crown forces.  (This is roughly in line with what Parkinson gives.)

 

Macardle (1999), pg 455; Phoenix (1994), pg 136; McDermott (2001), pg 91

Jun-10

An RIC patrol is attacked at the corner of Falls Rd. and Cupar St., Belfast resulting in the death of one policeman (Constable James Glover) and the wounding of two others.  Phoenix, who gives the date as June 11th, says that the shooting of these three RIC men gave rise to a violent backlash against the Catholic community.  This included the killing of three young Catholic men after they were dragged from their beds. Parkinson, who says the 10th June, states that the attack was carried out by a six IRA men led by Seamus Woods.  He also says that there was indiscriminate firing by Auxiliaries in the Falls Rd. area that night but he does not report any fatalities. McDermott also says there were shots discharged in Cupar St on the night of the shooting but no reprisals.  He also claims that the IRA targeted Glover as he was thought to be a member of the Nixon-Harrison gang.

 

Abbott (2000), pgs 254-255; Phoenix (1994), pg 136; Parkinson (2004), pg 137; McDermott (2001), pgs 86-87;

Jun-10

When holding up a train near Meelick, IRA men are surprised by a party of troops travelling on the train and, in the ensuing gun battle, Chris McGrath is killed and Michael Gleeson is wounded.  He dies from his wounds on 15th June.  Brennan also claims that two British soldiers are killed in this period.

 

O’Farrell (1997), pg 38; Brennan (1980), pgs 103-104

Jun-10

M. Donovan from Bandon, Co. Cork dies as does P. Morris from Co. Tyrone.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 106 & 114

Jun-11

General Jan Smuts, South African Premier, arrives in London for a meeting of colonial prime ministers and he immediately starts pressurising Llyod George to publicly offer Dominion Status to Ireland.   (The Dáil government had sent Col Maurice Moore to South Africa in April & May to enlist Smuts support.)

 

Hopkinson (2002), pg 195

Jun-11

During rioting in the north of Belfast, a bomb is thrown into the mainly Catholic Dock St. killing Terence McGinley and injuring 20 others.

Parkinson (2004), pg 138

Jun-11

Members of the 6th Battalion, Kerry North Brigade IRA kidnap James Kane at Shanacool Bridge.  His body is found four days later.  The IRA believe he gave information leading to the arrest of eight men for the killing of DI Tobias O'Sullivan on the 20th January in Listowel.  They say they found evidence of Kane's informing on RIC Divisional Commander Holmes when they captured him after the ambush at Toureengarriv on the 28th January.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 185-186

Jun-11

Dean Finlay, Bracken House, Bawnboy, Co. Cavan died after a raid on his home – possibly from a fall.

 

O’Farrell (1997), pg 33

Jun-12

A number of policemen were on their way to the church in Kilbeggan, Co. Westmeath when they were attacked resulting in the death of H/Constable James McElhill.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 255

Jun-12

There was widespread rioting in Belfast during which the first bomb was thrown. In the early hours of the 12th June, armed men in police uniforms and using motor transport, visit several Catholic houses in Belfast and ask for people by name.  The people asked for are home in three occasions.  In all three cases, the men – Alexander McBride (30), Malachy Halfpenny and William Kerr (26) - they are taken away and their dead bodies are found later.  None are IRA men – McBride was a member of Sinn Féin.  Mrs McBride alleged that DI Nixon was the leader of the gang that took her husband away. Joe Devlin tried to raise the matter in the House of Commons but his request for an adjournment debate is defeated by 192-64.  Afterwards, he has to be physically removed from the House.

 

Parkinson (2004), pgs 138-139; O’Farrell (1997), pg 112; McDermott (2001), pgs 88-89 & 91-92

Jun-12

S/Constable Thomas Sturdy is shot dead as he sits in an armoured lorry at the corner of Dock St. and North Thomas St. in Belfast.  He is the first Special Constable to be killed in Belfast.  Another victim of sniping is Thomas Mallon (51) who is killed when a bullet comes through a window in his house in North Thomas St. (McDermott also says that a 19-year-old Protestant called Hugh Jenkins was shot dead by someone from the Catholic side.)  In what is presumed to be retaliation for S/Constable Sturdy’s killing, a group of men wearing Special Constable uniforms entered the home of Patrick Mulligan (24) in Dock St and shot him dead.  A short time later, a similarly attired group entered the house in New Dock St. of another Catholic, Joseph Miller (25), dragged him from his bed and shot him in the street.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 255; Parkinson (2004), pg 139; McDermott (2001), pgs 89-

Jun-12

Two RIC men (Constable Michael Brannan and Constable John Smith) are attacked in Rainsfort St., Dublin resulting in the death of both men.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 256

Jun-12

Dan Breen marries Brighid Malone of Grantham St, Dublin in Glenagat, Co. Tipperary (between Cashel and Clonmel) with Sean Hogan as best man and Aine Malone as bridesmaid.

 

Breen (1989), pgs 162-165

Jun-13

Smuts meets King George V and suggests peace appeal when opening Northern Ireland parliament.

Curran J M (1980), pg 56

Jun-13

Large sweep of area of Clydagh mountains (near Ballyvourney) by British Army.  Area includes Cork No.1 and Cork No. 3 Brigade Columns, First Southern Division HQ and HQs of Cork No.1 and Cork No. 3 Brigades but IRA do not engage.  Three unarmed IRA men shot dead.

 

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 171

Jun-13

J. Cosgrave from Eswary, Camlough, Co. Armagh dies.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 105

Jun-13

A Protestant, Joseph Blackburn (39), is hit by gunfire coming from North Queen St., Belfast and he dies 10 days later. 

 

Parkinson (2004), pg 140

Jun-14

Smuts drafts speech and sends it to Llyod George with harsh criticism of British policy in Ireland.

Curran J M (1980), pg 56

Jun-14

Sean MacEoin (V/C Longford Brigade IRA) charged before a court martial in Dublin with the murder of RIC DI McGrath on the 7th Jan 1921.  Despite evidence from Auxiliaries on his good treatment of wounded prisoners after the Clonfin ambush (2nd February 1921) and a plea that he might be spared from relatives of the dead RIC man, he was sentenced to be hanged.  He was lodged in Mountjoy jail.

 

Hayes et al in The Kerryman (1955), pg 215

Jun-14

Special Constables, removing the body of a colleague from the Royal Hospital, Belfast comes under fire, they fire back and in the crossfire a teenager, Kathleen Collins, is shot dead at her front door in Cupar St.  A young Protestant, William Frazer (12), is shot by a sniper operating from the Falls. A Catholic ex-soldier, Hugh McAree, is also fatally wounded when he goes to the aid of the boy.

 

Parkinson (2004), pg 140; McDermott (2001), pg 90

Jun-15

Neville Macready (GOC British Army in Ireland) presents to the British Cabinet's Irish Situation Committee with a draft proclamation of martial law.  It was draconian.  He stressed that the British Government would have to be prepared for many shootings, perhaps a hundred a week.  Macready also made no concealment of his own belief (shared by John Anderson, Under Secretary) that coercion would not work.  

 

Townshend (1975), pgs 189-190

Jun-15

M.McGreal from Craughwell, Co. Galway dies as does C. McCarthy, Coore, Milltown Milbay, Co. Clare.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 108 & 112

Jun-15

A sweep made by the Essex Regiment in the Ardfield area on the west of Clonakilty Bay, Co Cork.  A number of IRA men in the area including Jim 'Spud' Murphy and Jim Lane manage to escape.

 

Deasy (1993), pg 298-299

Jun-16

US Customs agents discover 495 Thompson sub-machine guns and ammunition on Pier Two, Hoboken, New Jersey which were destined for Ireland.

 

Hopkinson (2002), pg 78

Jun-16

Martin Comyn, K.C., had tried to obtain a Writ of Prohibition halting the holding of Military Courts in Ireland on the grounds that they were illegal tribunals.  He applied on behalf of two IRA men sentenced to death (Clifford and O’Sullivan of Mitchelstown).  He was refused in Ireland on the basis that the existed a state of war.  So starting on this day, his appeal was heard by the House of Lords.  He pleaded his case during the second week of July.  The Military Authorities suspended executions.  (King George also requested that executions be suspended.)

 

O'Farrell P (1997), pg 19; Macardle (1999), pg 465

Jun-16

Ambush of four lorries containing 25 Auxiliaries by 130/140 men from the Cork No. 2 Brigade under Paddy O'Brien near Rathcoole (between Millstreet and Banteer).  More Detail 

 

Lynch in The Kerryman (1955), pgs 228-238; O’Donoghue (1986), pg 168; Abbott (2000), pgs 256-257 & Hopkinson (2002), pg 113

Jun-17

RIC Constable William Campbell is shot dead outside Dundalk, Co. Louth.  That night three brothers (Patrick, John and Bernard Watters), who lived in The Windmill Bar (at the junction of Quay St and Seatown in Dundalk) were taken from their beds and two were shot dead (Patrick & John).  Bernard managed to escape. 

 

Abbott (2000), pg 257; Gavin and O’Donnell (1999), pg 29

Jun-17

P. Loughran from Dungannon, Co. Tyrone dies.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 111

Jun-18

Irish Committee of British cabinet, chaired by Chamberlain agrees speech by King at opening of Northern Ireland parliament.  (It has been amended from what Chamberlain and Balflour called 'gush' written by Smuts to generalities about peace and reconciliation.)

Curran J M (1980), pg 56

Jun-18

Anderson writes to Greenwood "No war can be carried out effectively in the glare of public criticism"; he also quoted Macready as saying "It is a case on 'all out or get out' "

Hopkinson (2002), pg 85 & 194

Jun-18

An extended search starts in the Rathcoole area, Co. Cork following the ambush on the 16th.  It uses some 1,850 troops but with little effect.

Townshend (1975), pgs 187

Jun-18

An RIC patrol is ambushed at Fiddown (near Thomastown), Co. Killkenny resulting in the death of one RIC (Constable Albert Bradford) and the wounding of another (Sgt Sweatman). 

 Abbott (2000), pg 257-258

Jun-18

A number of officers of the 3rd Cork Brigade of the IRA (including Liam Deasy, Tom Barry and Tadgh O'Sullivan) are staying in Walsh's, Maulatrahane (between Skibereen and Drinagh) when the house is raided by British troops from the King's Liverpools.  They manage to escape but have to leave behind two trench coats including one that belongs to Tom Barry.  The trench coats are taken away by the Liverpools.  Tom Barry writes a letter to Colonel Hudson, O/C of the Liverpools, demanding the return of the trench coats as they are not "contraband of war".  A few days later, Colonel Hudson approaches Dick Connolly, editor of the Southern Star, and tells him that he agrees with Barry and asks Connolly to arrange the return of the trench coats. 

 

Deasy (1972), pg 291

Jun-18

Around this time, de Valera, Childers and Robert Brennan had a meeting in Mrs O’Rahilly’s house in Herbert Park (Road?), where de Valera explained his concept of external association by his famous method a circle (representing Ireland) touching but not part of a larger circle (representing the British Commonwealth).  Brennan comments that, at first glance, he did not like it but “I could not but admire the rare political genius which had brought it into being.”  Brennan also says that he got the impression that Childers was not enthusiastic about it. 

 

Brennan (1950), pgs 311-312

Jun-19

A British Army group escorting the body of Constable Bradford – see June 18th - was ambushed at Newbridge, Carrick-on-Suir, Co. Tipperary resulting in the death of one soldier (Pte Smith of the First Devons).

Abbott (2000), pg 257

Jun-20

In letter to Llyod George, Macready says that he thinks coercion would be a mistake which might produce an "apparent calm" but not a lasting settlement.  Also he states that drastic action must have public support.  Chamberlain, Winston Churchill (Colonial Secretary) and Lord Birkenhead (Lord Chancellor) lean towards supporting truce (because Ulster is safeguarded).

Curran J M (1980), pg 55 & Hopkinson (2002), pg 194

Jun-20

The RC Bishop of Down and Connor, Dr MacRory, is quoted in the Irish News as saying, in relation to the imminent opening of the Northern Ireland Parliament by King George, that the King’s advisors had made “a great mistake in asking the king to go out of his way to signify special approval of an institution which was set up in defiance of the determined opposition of more than four-fifths of the Irish Nation”.

 

Parkinson (2004), pg 131

Jun-21

Irish bishops after meeting in Maynooth issue a statement saying that there would be no peace in Ireland until the right of the Irish people to choose their own form of government had been acknowledged.  (De Valera had tried to persuade them to recognise the Irish Government as the legitimate government of Ireland but they refused to do this.)

 

Macardle (1999), pg 465

Jun-21

The Workhouses in Skibbereen and Bandon, Co Cork are burnt to the ground by the IRA as they think they may be taken over to house British troops.

 

Deasy (1973), pgs 292-294

Jun-21

Castle Bernard, Bandon, Co. Cork is burnt down by the IRA and James Francis Bernard, Earl of Bandon and his wife are taken hostage as a hostage “against the execution of any more IRA prisoners”.

 

Jun-22

King George V of England delivers speech, with an appeal for peace, in Belfast at formal opening of Parliament of Northern Ireland.  He says, inter alia, “I appeal to all Irishmen to pause, to stretch out the hand of forbearance and conciliation, to forgive and forget, and to join in making for the land they love a new era of peace, contentment and goodwill.”  This appeal meets with an enthusiastic response in Britain and from a lot of the Irish press (especially the Belfast Telegraph).  However, on the 23rd, the Irish News stated that one could detect “the tainted hand of Llyod George in every sentence”.

 

Curran J M (1980), pg 57; Abbott (2000), pg 274; Macardle (1999), pg 466; Gallagher (1953), pg 299; Phoenix (1994), pg 134; Parkinson (2004), pgs 129-135

Jun-22

De Valera arrested but Cope organises his release.  Comment

 

Curran J M (1980), pg 58; Macardle (1999), pg 467; Brennan (1950), pgs 313-314

Jun-22

J. McIntosh from Portlaoise dies.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 113

Jun-22

An RIC man (Constable George Duckham) is reported missing at Bandon, Co. Cork.  His father later gets a letter from Macroom saying that he had been executed by the IRA the day after he was captured.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 312

Jun-22

The Earl of Bandon, James Bernard, and his wife are taken hostage by the IRA (under Sean Hales, O/C Bandon Battalion) at their home, Castle Bernard which is burnt down.  A letter is sent to O/C 6th Division, British Army in Cork (General Strickland) saying that the Early is being held hostage and would be executed if any more IRA prisoners were executed by the British.  No more IRA prisoners are executed in the martial law areas.

Dooley says 21st June

 

Deasy (1973), pgs 295-297; Dooley (2017), pg 453

Jun-22

Formal order from IRA GHQ authorising the burning of houses of Unionists who were actively anti-Irish in their actions in retaliation for the burning of homes by the British army.

 

Macardle (1999), pg 463

Jun-23

Large scale sweep near Rathcoole, Co Cork.  An IRA man (Michael Dineen) from the Kilcorney Company, Millstreet Battalion is taken from his brother's house at Ivale, Kilcorney and shot dead by Auxiliaries.  Also, a number of IRA men captured 'by pure chance'.

 

Lynch in The Kerryman (1955), pg 236; Townshend (1975), pgs 187; O’Farrell (1997), pg 28

Jun-23

Speaking in the new Parliament of NI, Craig states “every person inside our particular boundary may rest assured that there will be nothing meted out to them but the strictest justice”.

 

Parkinson (2004), pg 135

Jun-23

IRA column waiting in ambush at Ballycastle, Co Mayo is itself attacked on three sides resulting in the death of one IRA man.

 

Hopkinson (2002), pg 133

Jun-24

Lloyd George, Chamberlain, other cabinet members, members of Irish administration & Smuts meet to discuss a peace offer; which is now possible after the response to King's appeal for peace.  Lloyd George argues that there is moral value in having made such an invitation.  Letter drafted from Lloyd George inviting De Valera (& Sir James Craig) to London to "explore to the utmost the possibility of a settlement" and "with the fervent desire to end the ruinous conflict".  Full text of letter given in Macardle. No specific terms and no mention of a truce but British Government knew its terms (including no army or navy for Southern Ireland) and cabinet authorised Llyod George to informally intimate it to De Valera.

 

Curran J M (1980), pgs 57-58; Townshend (1975), pg 191; Macardle (1999), pg 471-472

Jun-24

Two Auxiliaries (Cadet Leonard Appleford and Cadet George Wames) are shot dead on Grafton St. near Chatham St by men from the 2nd Battalion, Dublin Brigade, IRA.  This was part of a larger IRA operation.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 258; Dalton (1929), pgs 168-172 

Jun-24

IRA mine a troop train carrying the King's escort of the 10th Royal Hussars back from the opening of the Northern Ireland Parliament at Adavoyle railway station, near Bessbrook, Co. Armagh.  Four troopers are killed and 20 injured.  Gavin and O’Donnell say that three soldiers and one railway guard were killed.  Parkinson says that four soldiers and two civilians were killed and that 20 were injured.  80 horses were also killed.  The attack was carried out by Frank Aiken’s men.

 

Townshend (1975), pg 192; Gavin and O’Donnell (1999), pg 29; Parkinson (2004), pg 136

Jun-24

M. Dineen from Kilcorney, Co. Cork dies.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 106

Jun-25

Llyod George letter delivered to de Valera and published.

Curran J M (1980), pg 59; Macardle (1999), pg 467

Jun-26

One Auxiliary (Cadet William Hunt) shot dead and one wounded (Cadet White) in the Mayfair Hotel, 30 Lr. Baggot St., Dublin by IRA man Paddy O'Connor and three colleagues. (Paddy O'Connor and Jim McGuiness later attack a cricket match in Trinity involving the Army but only casualty is a girl spectator.) O’Connor gives a short account of this attack in the O’Connor and Connolly book but does not mention anything about the attack on the cricket match.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 259;  Hopkinson (2002), pg 102; O’Connor and Connolly (2011), pg 54

Jun-27

RIC Constable Patrick Clarke is shot and killed at Cleerykeel Cross, near Cliffoney, Co. Sligo

Abbott (2000), pg 259

Jun-27

Two RIC men are returning from church in Kildorrery, Co. Cork when they are attacked resulting in the death of one (Constable Thomas Shanley).

Abbott (2000), pg 259

Jun-27

An RIC patrol is ambushed near Milltown, Co. Galway resulting in the death of two policemen (Sgt James Murren and Constable Edgar Day).  Sgt Murren was to have retired on pension a week before but due to some delay, his papers had not come through.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 260

Jun-27

W. Connolly from Upperchurch, Co. Tipperary dies.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 104

Jun-28

Formal opening of the Parliament of Southern Ireland attended only by the 4 Trinity unionists (out of 128 seats) and the 15 (out of 64) senators nominated by the viceroy.  It met for 15 minutes adjourned sine die.

 

Curran J M (1980), pg 52

Jun-28

De Valera replies to Llyod George’s letter of the 24th stating that Sinn Féin wants peace but this could not be while British deny Ireland's unity.  He goes on to say that before replying more fully he seeking a conference with “certain representatives of the political minority in this country”.  De Valera invites James Craig, the Earl of Midleton, Mauruce Dockrell, Robert H. Woods and Andrew Jameson to Dublin.  Craig refuses but the others accept and they meet on the 4th July.

 

Curran J M (1980), pg 59

Jun-28

Charlie Daly from 2nd Battalion, Cork No. 1 Brigade IRA is killed. (O’Farrell says June 29th.)

O'Kelly in The Kerryman (1955), pg 26; O’Farrell (1997), pg 105

Jun-28

RIC Constable Owen Hoey was shot and killed on St James Walk, near Grand Canal Harbour, in Dublin. 

Abbott (2000), pg 260

Jun-28

Castle Administration orders British forces to suspend raids on places frequently by persons of political importance in Sinn Féin.  Around this time a number of prominent Sinn Féiners released from prison (including Arthur Griffith, Robert Barton, Eoin MacNeill, Eamonn Duggan and Michael Staines) but 34 members of Dáil Eireann remain in prison.  De Valera makes the Mansion House his HQ.

 

Townshend (1975), pgs 196; Macardle (1999), pg 473

Jun-29

The IRA burn down the Allin Institute in Bandon, Co Cork.

 

Deasy (1973), pg 294

Jun-29

A police patrol was ambushed at Kilraine, Glenties, Co. Donegal resulting in the death of one RIC man (Constable Thomas Devine).

 

Abbott (2000), pg 260

Jun-29

The body of an ex-RIC man (Thomas Hannon) was found in a bog in Ballyduff, Co. Offally.  He had been shot in the head.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 260-261

Jun-29

Major round-up by British forces in south-west Mayo with troops being landed in from British Navy ships in Killary Harbour.

 

McDonnell in The Kerryman (1955), pg 210

Jun-29

An IRA raiding party of 12 men, remove 17 boxes of gun-cotton and three boxes of detonators and charges from Fasnet Rock Lighthouse.

 

Deasy (1973), pgs 308-311

Jun-29

J. Grogan from Feakle, Co. Clare dies; as does W. Hogan from Dillon’s Cross, Cork and P. McCarthy from Killarney, Co. Kerry.

 

O’Farrell (1997), pg 105 & 108 & 109 & 112

Jun-30

An RIC man (Constable Joseph Burke) was shot dead as he stood at the door of the police barracks in Templemore, Co. Tipperary.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 261

Jun-30

A party of IRA men raid the farm of the Pearson family at Coolacrease, Co. Offally.  They kill two members of the family - Richard and Abraham - and burn the farmhouse.  The family were members of the Cooneyites –a small dissenting Protestant sect.  These killings became highly controversial. More Detail

 

Stanley (2005); Heaney et al (2008)

Jun -30

Special Constable Hugh Gabbie was attacked on John Mitchel Place in Newry - he later died from his wounds.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 261

June

Tom Healy (an RIC man working for the IRA) died of a heart attack while being involved in an attack on the Black and Tans near Newmarket-on-Fergus. 

 

Brennan (1980), pgs 103-104;

June

Effects of the expulsion of workers in Belfast still on-going.  Also, families (mainly Catholics) still being intimidated from their homes – 150 in June. Bishop MacRory says in June that ‘almost 50,000 Belfast Catholics are on the verge of starvation’. An August RIC reports that “Poverty is still rife in the nationalist quarters (of Belfast)”.   £150,000 was raised in the south for the alleviation of distress and substantial sums came from the American White Cross. 

 

Phoenix (1994), pgs 137-138; Parkinson (2004), pg 140; McDermott (2001), pg 91

June?

Three British officers are captured near Rosgreen, Tipperary and shot dead. 

 

O’Malley (1990), pgs 327-332

June

E. Donnelly from Croom, Co. Limerick dies

 

O’Farrell (1997), pg 106

June

L. Hickey from Rathmore, Co. Kerry dies.

 

O’Farrell (1997), pg 109

 

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