November 1920

 

Nov-01

Kevin Barry hung in Mountjoy Jail. Comment

 

O'Farrell P (1997), pg xvii

Nov-01

RIC reprisal in Templemore, Co Tipperary

 

Hopkinson (2002), pg 80

Nov-01

RIC man Constable Peter Cooney killed at Breaghy between Balinalee and Granard, Co Longford by Frank Davis of the Longford Brigade IRA.

Hopkinson (2002), pg 142; Abbott (2000), pg 141; MacEoin in The Kerryman (1955), pg 102

Nov-01

Young mother, Mrs Ellen Quinn, shot through the stomach by RIC as she sits cradling her child by the roadside in Kiltartan, Co. Galway. Calls for an inquiry to Greenwood went unheeded.  A military inquiry finds that the firing was “a precautionary measure”.

Townshend (1975), pg 113; O’Farrell (1997), pg 89 & Hopkinson (2002), pg 139; Macardle (1999), pg 394

Nov-01

J. Conway from Rock St., Tralee, Co. Kerry dies.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 104

Nov-01

Formal announcement from British Government that a Special Constabulary was to be raised – see October 22 above.  Advertisements printed in local press calling on all law-abiding citizens between 21 and 45 to “assist the authorities in the maintenance of the order of the prevention of crime”.  Selection committees were set up in each of the northern counties (not the rest of the country?) which were instructed to select “only men of unquestionable fidelity”.  Enrolees had to swear to “well and truly serve our Sovereign Lord the King”.

 

Parkinson (2004), pg 85

Nov-02

An RIC lorry is attacked at Auburn Glasson, near Athlone, Co Westmeath resulting in the death of one RIC man (Constable Sydney Larkin) and the wounding of two others (Sgt Meany and Constable  Costello).  J. Finn from Auburn, Co. Westmeath also dies on this day.

 

Abbott (2000), pgs 147-148; O’Farrell (1997), pg 107

Nov-02

The IRA, under Sean MacEoin, engage the RIC while the latter are attempting to burn down a business in Granard, Co. Longford in reprisal for the killing of DI Kelleher and Constable  Cooney.  The RIC retreat to the local barracks.

 

MacEoin in The Kerryman (1955), pgs

Nov-02

Thomas Wall of Tralee killed by Crown Forces.

Macardle (1999), pg 394

Nov-03

RIC Constable  William Maxwell is shot dead in a public house in Cloughjordan, Co. Tipperary.

Abbott (2000), pg 148

Nov-03

RIC Sgt Patrick Fallon is shot dead as he makes his way to the barracks in Ballymote, Co. Sligo.  That night there are reprisals by Auxiliaries in Ballymote.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 148; Gallagher (1953), pg 103

Nov-03

A large force of RIC and British military in 11 lorries enter the village of Ballinalee, Co Longford and are engaged by the Flying Column of the Longford Brigade under Sean MacEoin.  The RIC retreat after a number of hours leaving a substantial amount of ammunition.

 

MacEoin in The Kerryman (1955), pgs 101-113; O'Farrell P (1997), pg xvii

Nov-03

After an initial arson attack on the Athlone Printing Works by Crown Forces on the 16th October, they return to finish the job and completely destroy the building and printing presses.  (Athlone Printing Works is where the Westmeath Independent was printed.  The paper had been strongly critical of the actions of the Crown Forces.)

Kenneally (2017), pg 386

Nov-03

IRA attack Milford RIC Barracks in Co. Cork – Paddy O’Brien from Liscarroll injured.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 75

Nov-04

RIC reprisals in Ballymote and Granard, Co Longford

 

Hopkinson (2002), pg 80

Nov-05

Crown forces kill Miss O’Connell and Michael Maguire of Ardfert, Co. Kerry

 

Macardle (1999), pg 394

Nov-05

M Scanlon from Killmallock, Co. Limerick dies.  Possibly the Martin Scanlan referred to by O’Malley are being captured in an hotel in Limerick city.

 

O’Farrell (1997), pg 118; O’Malley (1990), pg 311

Nov-06

Two Auxiliaries IOs (Cadets Bertram Agnew and Lionel Mitchell) are reported missing at Macroom, Co. Cork.  It is believed that they were kidnapped by the IRA on their way from Macroom to Cork and then interrogated and killed.  Their bodies were never found.

 

Hart (1998), pg 29; Abbott (2000), pgs 311-313

Nov-06

T. Archer from Kilflynn, Co. Kerry is killed as is William Mulcahy from Cork.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 102; Macardle (1999), pg 394

Nov-06

IRA men try to disarm two RIC men – Sgt T. Wiseman and Constable G. Waters – at the Customs House in Derry.  The two RIC men are shot (but not killed).   Later, three RIC men were found wounded in Foyle St and one – Constable  Hugh Kearns – later died from his wounds.   More Detail

 

Gallagher (2003), pgs 32-34; Abbott (2000), pg 317

Nov-06/07

Outbreak of violence in Derry.

 

Parkinson (2004), pg 96

Nov-08

IRA led by Donnacha O'Hannigan lie in ambush for British army patrol at Grange (on Bruff to Limerick road) - as IRA were expecting only two lorries they had to retreat when eight arrived.

 

Hopkinson (2002), pg 121; O’Farrell (1997), pg 80

Nov-08

The Flying Column of the Longford Brigade of the IRA under Sean MacEoin attack an RIC post in Ballinalee, Co. Longford killing three and wounded several others.  (Abbott does not mention these killings.)

 

MacEoin in The Kerryman (1955), pgs 111-112

Nov-08

Michael Brosnan from Castleisland, Co. Kerry dies as does John Cantillion from Ardfert Co. Kerry.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 103; Macardle (1999), pg 394

Nov-09

Llyod George gives speech at the Guildhall Banquet saying that "We have murder by the throat, we had to reorganise the police.  When the Government was ready we struck the terrorists and now the terrorists are complaining of terror."

 

Coogan (1990), pg 156;  Abbott (2000), pg 179

Nov-09

Two RIC men (Constable  Archibald Turner and Constable  James Woods) are shot dead on a train at Ballybrack Railway Station, Co. Kerry.

Abbott (2000), pg 149

Nov-09

D. Brennan and L. Danaher from Co. Limerick die.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 103 & 105

Nov-09

As part of General Orders No. 9, the IRA states that women who are convicted of spying should be informed that it is only consideration of her sex that prevents the infliction of the statutory punishment of death.  Instead she was to be given seven days to leave the country.

 

Dooley (2000), pg 44

Nov-10

Christopher Lucy, 1st Battalion, Cork No.1 Brigade IRA is killed by Auxiliaries. O’Suillebhean spells his name as Lucey and says that he was unarmed.  The memorial for Lucey at Goughanebarra says he was killed on the 20th November.  Memorial to C Lucey

 

O'Kelly in The Kerryman (1955), pg 26; Macardle (1999), pg 394; O’Suilleabhean (1965); pgs 159-160

Nov-10

Frank Hoffman from Farmer’s Bridge, Tralee, Co. Kerry dies as does P. Lynch from Golden, Co. Tipperary .

O’Farrell (1997), pg 109 & 111; Macardle (1999), pg 394

Nov-11

The Government of Ireland Act passes its third reading in the House of Commons by 183 votes to 53.  Devlin makes a strong speech against saying that Northern Ireland's 340,000 Catholics would be placed “at the mercy of the Protestant majority in the North of Ireland”. 

British parliamentary Labour Party meets and calls for the withdrawal of the British Army from Ireland and the setting up of an Irish Constituent Assembly.  They also set up a Commission of Inquiry to investigate conditions in Ireland.

Macardle (1999), pgs 402 & 405; Gallagher (2003), pg 34; Phoenix (1994), pgs 95-98; Parkinson (2004), pgs 100-101

Nov-11

Meeting of (mostly west Ulster) Sinn Féiners and some nationalists in Omagh to oppose the British government’s partition plans.

Phoenix (1994), pgs 970-98

Nov-11

Greenwood informs the House of Commons that 2,000 applications had been received for the Special Constabulary but refuses to answer Devlin’s questions about how many were former UVF members.

Phoenix (1994), pg 94

Nov-12

Arthur Griffith calls off remaining hunger strikes

Hopkinson (2002), pg 86

Nov-12

Conflict between IRA and RIC at Ballymacelligot, Co. Kerry (on the road between Tralee and Castleisland) in which two IRA men are killed.  One is John Herlihy and the other is J. McMahon.  (Macardle says that there was a third killed called J. Walsh and that McMahon’s initial was P.  She also says that the men were not Volunteers killed in action.)

 

Hopkinson (2002), pg 126; O’Farrell (1997), pgs 109 & 113; Macardle (1999), pg 394

Nov-13

Eight RIC were traveling in a lorry from Galbally to Bansha when they are ambushed at Inches Cross (or Lisnagaul)  in the Glen of Aherlow by the No. 1 Flying Column of the 3rd Tipperary Brigade under Dinny Lacey.  Four policemen are killed (Constable Charles Bustrock, Constable  Patrick Makessy, Constable John Miller and Constable Jeremiah O'Leary).  Reprisals take place in Tipperary Town.

 

Abbott (2000), pgs 149-150; Ryan (1945), pgs 190-91

Nov-13

In Dublin, an eight-year old girl called Annie O’Neill was killed after shots were fired from a lorry at a group standing at a gateway.

 

Macardle (1999), pg 394

Nov-14

A Galway priest, Fr Michael Griffin, is arrested by RIC on Sea Road, Galway - his body is found on the 20th November buried in a boggy field near Barna.  (Breen says he was called out on a bogus call.  O’Farrell says that he was arrested at his residence – 2 Montpellier Tce., Galway – and taken to Crown Forces HQ at Taylor’s Hill.)  The house of Tommy Dillon (Prof of Chemistry in Galway University) is also raided but he escapes.  He and his wife (Geraldine Plunkett) go on the run to Dublin.

 

Hopkinson (2002), pg 139;  Breen (1989), pg 75; O’Farrell (1997), pgs 39-40; Brennan (1950), pg 290-291

Nov-15

In Ballina, Co Mayo(?), four young men who were  captured by the police are shot dead.

Gleeson (1962), pg 111

Nov-15

J. Conroy from Rathconnor, Co. Roscommon dies.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 104

Nov-15

A report appears in the press, written by an ex-officer, about the drunken behaviour of British soldiers in the village of Balla, Co. Mayo where they shot up houses in the village and terrorise a number of the inhabitants.

 

Macardle (1999), pg 395-396

Nov-16

De Valera (still in U.S.) announces the formation of the American Association for the Recognition of the Irish Republic (AARIR) at a meeting in Washington.  This marked the final break with the Devoy-Cohalan led Friends of Irish Freedom (FOIF).  Macardle says membership of the AARIR rose to 800,000 within a year.

 

Hopkinson (2002), pg 173; Coogan (1990), pg 193; Macardle (1999), pg 410

Nov-16

Irish Labour Party and Trades Union Congress holds a National Congress in Dublin and advocates acceptance of the proposals put forward by the British Labour Parliamentary Party on the 11th Nov.

 

Macardle (1999), pg 405

Nov-17

Four IRA prisoners are taken by the Auxiliaries from their barracks in the Lakeside Hotel, Killaloe onto Killaloe Bridge where they are shot with their hands tied behind their backs.  The four IRA men (Alphie Rodgers, Michael ‘Brud’ McMahon, Michael Egan and Martin Kildea) are killed.  The British issue a statement saying that the four men were shot trying to escape.  (O’Farrell gives the same four names – pg 53 – but also says that two brothers John and Michael Connolly from Whitegate were victims – pg 20.)

 

Brennan (1980), pg 64; O'Farrell P (1997), pg 53

Nov-17

RIC Sergeant James O'Donoghue is shot dead by the IRA in White St, Cork.  That night three men were shot dead in Cork by men in military uniform (Patrick Hanley, 2 Broad St; Eugene O'Connell, 17 Broad Lane and James Coleman, 15 North Mall) and two others (Charlie O'Brien; 17 Broad Lane and Stephen Coleman, 2 Broad St) were wounded. (O’Farrell says that Stephen Coleman died.)

 

Hart (1998), pgs 1-11; Abbott (2000), pgs 150-151; O’Farrell (1997), pg 104

Nov-19

The American Commission on Conditions in Ireland held its first public hearing in Washington.  Even though French and Greenwood are invited, no one from the British side appears before the commission. (Hopkinson says 19th December.)

Macardle (1999), pgs 407-409

Nov-19

Mulcahy's papers discovered in raid by British forces

Hopkinson (2002), pg 57 & 225;

Nov-19/20

Four experienced IRA men (Maurice Donnegan - O/C 5th Battalion, Cork No. 3 Brigade; Ralph Keyes - Capt Bantry Company, Sean Cotter, Adj., 5th Battalion and Cornelius O'Sullivan) are captured at Durris, near Bantry, Co. Cork.  They are protected from serious injury or even death at the hands of the RIC by the intervention of local British Army commander, Colonel Hudson of the King's Liverpool Regiment.  (Deasy indicates capture of these men was about 18th or 19th and Crowley names the British officer who saved the lives on the three men as Colonel Jones.)

Deasy 1973, pgs 162-163; O'Farrell P (1997), pg 46; Crowley in The Kerryman (1955), pg 39

Nov-20

Two men, Patrick Blake and James O'Neill, were arrested for the killing of Constable Walter Oakley in Limerick (see July 24th 1920).  They had been taken to Dublin for court martial but were acquitted.  They were returning to Limerick with their families and had split at Limerick Junction.  The O'Neill family were stopped nearby by armed and masked men - James was removed and found shot dead the next day.  The Blake family was also stopped near Oola and Michael Blake (Patrick's brother) was shot dead.  Toomey says that the armed and masked men may have been led by Constable Thomas Huckerby.

 

Abbott (2000), pgs 104-105; O’Farrell (1997), pg 102; Toomey (2008), pgs 64-65

Nov-20

Capt J Thompson, Acting I/O of the 1st Battalion, Manchester Regiment, is captured and shot by the IRA at Carrigrohane between Ballincollig and Cork City.

Sheehan (1990), pg 71

 

Nov-20

J. McSwiggin from Magherafelt, Co. Derry dies.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 113

Nov-21

Head Constable  John Kearney is shot in Needham St., Newry and later dies from his wounds.

Abbott (2000), pg 151

Nov-21

J. Boyle dies as does P. Clancy from Cranny, Co. Clare.  Also T. Lyons from Kinapagh, Co. Mayo. Also C. Morrisey, Co. Cork.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 103 & 104 & 111 & 114

Nov-21

Members of Brigade staff of the Cork No. 3 brigade, IRA (including O/C Charlie Hurley) are stopped by the Auxiliaries (based in Macroom) at Copeen (on the Bantry-Cork road) as they return from a brigade council.  The Auxiliaries detain two IRA men but let the remainder go. (Barry disputes this happened in the way that Deasy describes.)

Deasy (1973), pg 163; Barry (1974), pg 12

Nov-21

Five RIC men are attacked as they leave Shehan's Hotel in Leap, Co. Cork - it results in the death of one (Constable  Harry Jays) and the wounding of another (Constable  Mills). 

Abbott (2000), pg 151

Nov-21

An RIC man (Constable Issac Rea) is shot from a passing car in the village of Cappoquin, Co. Waterford - he dies in late December.

Abbott (2000), pgs 151-152

Nov-21

Bloody Sunday

On Sunday morning, Collins' Squad kill 14 people in Dublin, mostly British secret service and military intelligence agents. (Abbott says 18 were killed, Glesson & Hopkinson say 14 but differ in details and Townshend says 12 British officers were killed.) 

On Sunday afternoon, the Black and Tans shoot at a crowd in Croke Park attending a Dublin - Tipperary football match.  They kill at least 12 and wound many including Michael Hogan (member of the Tipperary team from Grangemockler); Jeannie Boyle and ten-year-old spectator Jerry O’Leary.  (Gleeson and Abbott say 14 were killed.) 

That night, Auxiliaries (including the notorious Captain Hardy) kill Dick McKee, Peadar Clancy and Conor Clune in retaliation for IRA killings.  They had been arrested on Saturday night in Lr Gloucester St and killed after reports of the IRA shootings came in.  (McKee and Clancy were Commandant and Vice-Commandant of the Dublin Brigade of the IRA respectively.  Clune, from Co Clare, was - it would seem - in the wrong place at the wrong time.)  The Castle authorities issue a detailed statement which says that the three men were killed when trying to escape.  The Irish Bulletin attacks the statement as a fabrication. 

In the period immediately after Bloody Sunday, the Castle Authorities restore internment and over the next week 500 arrests are made.

 More Detail

O'Farrell P (1997), pg xvii; Townshend (1975), pg 129-130; Gleeson (1962), pgs 121-143; Abbott (2000), pgs 152-155; Breen (1989), pgs 156-158; Biaslai in The Kerryman (1955), pgs 114-119; Carey (2001), pgs 52-54; O’Farrell (1997), pg 8 & 45; Hopkinson (2002), pg 88-91; Gallagher (1953), pg 110 & 243; Foy (2017), pg 423

Nov-22

Capt. Patrick McCarthy (Newmarket Battalion, Cork No. 2 Brigade) is killed when taking part in an ambush on the RIC (Black and Tans) at Upper Mill Lane, Millstreet.

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 104

Nov-22

Using Cockerill as a conduit, Patrick Moylette gets to meet with Llyod George to discuss letter of the 16th November from Griffith which proposed a truce and direct negotiations with no preconditions.  (Llyod George is reported to have made the callous comment to Moylette that the British agents shot in Dublin on the previous day 'got what  they deserved - beaten by counter-jumpers'.)

Coogan (1990), pg 187; Taylor (1961), pg 106

Nov-22

E. Carmody from Ballylongford, Co. Kerry dies.  As does J. McCann from Quay Lane, Rush, Co. Dublin

O’Farrell (1997), pg 103 & 112

Nov-23

P. Flynn from Tarmon, Co. Roscommon dies.

O'Farrell P (1997), pg 108

Nov-23

The Government of Ireland Bill receives royal assent.

Macardle (1999), pg 403

Nov-23

Four IRA men (P O'Donoghue, P Trahey, James Mehigan & Stephen Dorman) from 2nd Battalion, Cork No. 1 Brigade are killed.

O'Kelly in The Kerryman (1955), pg 26

Nov-23

Among the IRA men arrested on this day in Dublin in the aftermath of Bloody Sunday was Thomas Whelan, a 23 year old from Connemara who was living at 14 Barrow St, Ringsend.  He was to be hung on 14th March 1921.

Carey (2001), pg 55

Nov-24

RIC Constable  Thomas Dillon is shot and killed on Infirmary Road, Dublin.

Abbott (2000), pg 155

Nov-24

In the British House of Commons, Greenwood says that “The murder gang in Ireland issues an illegal document known as the Irish Republican Bulletin.  … I consider it a loathsome alliance that men whose hands are red with the blood of gallant soldiers and policemen should come into the lobby of this House and be allowed  to circulate their hideous documents of falsehood.”

Gallagher (1953), pg 107

Nov-24

Liam Deasy and Jim Lordan - two officers of the Cork No. 3 Brigade, IRA are detained by the Auxiliaries (under Colonel Crake) at Castletownkenneigh but they are released.

Deasy (1973), pg 166

Nov-24

Labour leader, Arthur Anderson, accompanied by George Russel (AE), meet with Llyod George in Downing St. to push for a ceasefire but with no practical results.

Macardle (1999), pg 412

Nov-24

M. Moran from Tuam, Co. Galway dies.

O'Farrell P (1997), pg 114

Nov-25

Arthur Griffith, Eamonn Duggan and Eoin MacNeil arrested - 500 arrests made in the week after Bloody Sunday during widespread raiding.  Macardle says that Collins took over as Acting President of the Republic.

Hopkinson (2002), pg xiv & 91; Macardle (1999), pg 406; Gallagher (1953), pg 260

Nov-25

D. Carey from Nenagh, Co. Tipperary dies as does T. Doyle from Dolphin’s Barn, Dublin

O’Farrell (1997), pgs 103 & 106

Nov-26

M. Duggan from Broadford, Co. Limerick dies

O’Farrell (1997), pg 107

Nov-26

Ambush by Castletownroche Battalion Column, Cork No. 2 Brigade (led by Thomas Barry) on RIC and military convoy at Labacally, near Glanworth, Co Cork.  Three military killed.

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 108

Nov-26

Two bothers, Henry and Patrick Loughnane, from Shanaglish, Gort, Co. Galway are arrested by the RIC.  They are handed over to the Auxiliaries who tell their mother three days later that they had escaped from custody at Drimharsna Castle, Ardrahan.  On the 6th December, their bodies are found in a pond in Drombriste.  They had been badly tortured.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 56; Gallagher (1953), pg 248

Nov-26

Among the IRA men arrested on this day in Dublin (in the aftermath of Bloody Sunday) was Patrick Moran, a 33 year old labour activist and veteran of the 1916 Rebellion from Crossna, Co. Roscommon. He was to be hung on 14th March 1921.

Carey (2001), pg 68

Nov-26

Two IRA men (C Morrisey & L Mulcahy) from 1st Battalion, Cork No. 1 are killed.  O'Farrell says that a D Morrissey and a W Mulcahy from Cork are killed on this date.

O'Kelly in The Kerryman (1955), pg 26; O'Farrell P (1997), pg 114

Nov-27

Two RIC men are attacked near Castlemartyr, Co. Cork and one (Constable Timothy Quinn) dies the next day.

Abbott (2000), pg 155

Nov-27/28

Riots in Derry.

Gallagher (2003), pg 34

Nov-28

Tom Barry, commandant of the (West) Cork No. 3 Brigade Column leads IRA ambush at Kilmichael in Co Cork - 17 Auxiliaries killed and 3 IRA men.  More Detail (Note:  The detail presented here is a quite in-depth look at the background to and the controversies that arose from the Kilmichael Ambush. Please note that it was written in 2005.)

Curran J M (1980), pg40;  Hart (1998) Chapters 2 and 6; Abbott (2000), pgs 156-163; Barry in The Kerryman (1955), pgs 120-128

Nov-30

Lunch takes place in London for the Archbishop of Perth, Joseph Clune at which he tells the guests (including Joe Devlin) of the Lahinch reprisals (see 21st September).  Devlin arranges meeting for him next day with Llyod George.

Coogan (1990), pg 194

Nov-30

Letter appears in press from Roger Sweetman (Sinn Féin TD for Wexford North) proposing a conference of public bodies to formulate peace proposals.

Coogan (1990), pg 196

Nov-30

British Labour Party Commission on Ireland meets in Dublin.  They subsequently travel to Limerick, Kilkenny and Cork.

Macardle (1999), pg 406

Nov

Two RIC men (Constable William Muir and Constable Coughlan) were captured by the Ballylongford Company of the IRA.  Constable  Muir were brought to Moyvane where he were guarded by the local company.  The British Army issued an ultimatum that Ballylongford would be razed to the ground if two men were not released and the Kerry No. 1 Brigade HQ ordered their release.  Constable  Muir later committed suicide (27th December 1920).

Abbott (2000), pg 318

Nov

Warren Harding, the Republican candidate, elected as President of the U.S.

Macardle (1999), pg 410

Nov

Ballykinlar Camp opened in Co. Down by the British army

Murphy W (2017), pg 443

End-Nov

Nineteen warehouses burnt by IRA in Liverpool and Boole

Hopkinson (2002), pg 148

End-Nov

Din-Din O'Riordan shot by IRA in Cork City as informer. Din-Din said that he had been recruited by another IRA man who worked for Mr Nicholson of Woodford Bournes and that he got money from Mr Nicholson. According to O'Callaghan, the Cork No. 1 Brigade IRA got information from Josephine Marchmont Brown (who worked in Victoria Barracks for Capt Kelley, I/O) that Nicholson was part of an Anti-Sinn Féin Society and they shot him and the IRA man who worked for him.  Three other businessmen (Alfred Reilly, Harrison Beal and George Tilson) were subsequently shot by the IRA as spies.

Hart (1998), pg 15; O'Callaghan (1974), pg

 

 

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