October 1920

 

Oct

Patrick O'Brien of Liscarroll is made Column Commander of Cork No. 2 Brigade. 

O’Donoghue (1986), pg103

Oct-01

Two British soldiers killed in an action near Drumcrondra bridge in Dublin.

Dalton (1929), pgs 75-81

Oct-01

John Connolly is shot dead by members of the Essex Regiment in Castle Bernard Park, Bandon, Co. Cork.

O'Farrell P (1997), pg 20

Oct-02

John O’Hanlon from Lackagh, Turloughmore, Co. Galway shot dead by Black and Tans in the presence of his family.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 80; Gallagher (1953), pg 296

Oct-02

IRA, led by South Roscommon Brigade O/C (Dan O’Rourke), in operation against Frenchpark RIC barracks.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 84

Oct-03

Four RIC men were shot at in Patrick's St. Cork resulting in the deaths of one (Constable Clarence Chave) and the wounding of two others.

Abbott (2000), pg 129

Oct-04

British Army patrol (30 strong) surprise IRA ambush party (60 Strong) near Bandon but ambushed party manage to escape.  (Is this same as Deasy's report of the 8th September?)

Townshend (1975), pg 122

Oct-04

12 men from the 7th Battalion, Cork No. 3 Brigade IRA led by Battalion O/C Sean Lehane capture the Schull RIC Barracks after learning the password from a young RIC constable called Daly. 13 rifles, 26 revolvers and other equipment were captured.

(Deasy (1973), pgs 149-152

Oct-05

RIC reprisal in Boyle, Co Roscommon

Hopkinson (2002), pg 80

Oct-06

In an unusual step, the Irish Government (Castle) issue a statement which admits that reprisals had taken place in Tubbercurry, Co Sligo - see September 30th. 

Townshend (1975), pg 120-121

Oct-06

Two RIC men were on patrol on Bishop's St., Derry when they were shot at resulting in the death of one (Constable John Flaherty).  Gallagher (who gives the date as 18th Oct) intimates that Flaherty was shot because of the earlier arrest of a unionist Cameroon Finlay, on the Carlisle Road.

Abbott (2000), pg 130; Gallagher (2003), pg 32

Oct-06

J. Clifford from Derry dies

O’Farrell (1997), pg 104

Oct-06

Attack by Flying Column of Cork No. 2 Brigade on lorry containing British soldiers at Ballydrochane between Kanturk and Newcastle.  The driver is killed and the rest wounded. 

O’Donoghue (1986), pg103

Oct-06

Six RIC men are ambushed in the village of Feakle, Co. Clare resulting in the death of two of them (Sgt Francis Doherty and Constable William Stanley).  This ambush was carried out by the Feakle Company, East Clare Brigade IRA

Abbott (2000), pg 130; Brennan (1980), pg 62

Oct-07

Circular issued by TJ Smith, Inspector General, RIC announcing non-pensionable additions to pay for RIC men "in respect of increased cost of living".  RIC men's costs had increased due to the campaign of ostracism being conducted against them.

Abbott (2000), pg 132

Oct-08

The editorial of the Weekly Summary (the RIC’s in-house newspaper) states “Reprisals are wrong.  They are bad for the discipline of the force.  They are bad for Ireland, especially if the wholly innocent suffer.  Reprisals are wrong but reprisals do not happen only by accident.  They are the result of the brutal, cowardly murder of police officers by assassins, who take shelter behind the screen of terrorism and intimidation they have created.  Police murder produces reprisals. Stop murdering policemen.” 

Lesson (2017), pg 384

Oct-08

Letter from Brigadier General Cockerill MP appears in London Times suggesting a conference of plenipotentiaries from Britain and Ireland to discuss settlement, to be preceded by a truce and amnesty with the resulting agreement to be submitted to both parliaments for acceptance or rejection but not amendment. (Macardle says 6th Oct).

Coogan (1990), pgs 185-186; Macardle (1999), pg 412

Oct-09

In a speech in which he gave in Caernarvon, Llyod George said "The police naturally feel that the time has come to defend themselves and that is what is called reprisals in Ireland."  He went on to say that "There is no doubt that at last their patience has given way and there has been some severe hitting back.  Let us be fair to these gallant men who are doing their duty in Ireland."

Abbott (2000), pg 179

Oct-10

Men from Cork No. 3 Brigade, IRA ambush British Army (from 1st Essex Regiment) patrol near Newcestown, Co Cork, killing two officers (Lt Robertson and Lt Richardson) and wounding four others.  (Deasy says it was the 9th October.  Townshend says only one officer was killed.)

Townshend (1975), pg 123;  Deasy (1973), pgs 144-146

Oct-11

An organisation styling itself The All-Ireland Anti-Sinn Féin  Society Council of the Cork Circle issued a threat saying that "if in future any member of His Majesty's Forces be murdered two members of the Sinn Féin Party in the County of Cork will be killed"

Abbott (2000), pg 173

11-12 Oct

At 'Fernside', the home of Prof Carolan in Drumcondra, Dublin a gunfight takes place between a raiding party of Crown forces and Dan Breen and Sean Tracey (from Tipperary 3rd Brigade) who were staying at the house. More Detail

Abbott (2000), pg 98; O'Farrell P (1997), pg xvii; Gleeson (1962), pg 104; Coogan (1990), pg 151; Breen (1989), pgs 138-149; Ryan (1945), pgs 157-169 and Townshend (1975), pg 128

Oct-12

Ambush at Four-Mile House, Ballinderry, Co Roscommon in which five RIC men are killed.  The five men were Sgt Peter McArdle; Constable  Martin O'Connor;  Constable  John Crawford; Constable  Francis Gallagher and Constable  Michael Kenny

Hopkinson (2002), pg 143 & Abbott (2000), pg 133-134

Oct-12

J. Byrne; J. Gleeson and F. Fitzgerald from Scar, Co. Wexford die.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 103 & 107 & 108

Oct-13

Hamar Greenwood (Chief Secretary) and John Anderson (Joint Under Secretary) travel to Belfast to meet a deputation of the Ulster Unionist Council's Standing Committee.

 

Hopkinson (2002), pg 159

Oct-14

An IRA man (Vol Matt Furlong) in Dunboyne, Co Meath is badly injured after high explosives he is working with accidentally goes off - he dies later in the Mater Hospital, Dublin.

Breen (1989), pg 152

Oct-14

Sir Edward Carson, speaking to a meeting in the Constitutional Club, London, says "I see a good deal in the papers about the horrors of reprisals.  For God's sake let's concentrate ourselves upon the horrors of murder and assassination."

 

Oct-14

Liam O'Carroll from Lackandara, Co. Cork (Ryan says Lombardstown) is killed in Dublin while carrying out an attack on an armoured car parked outside the Munster and Leinster Bank, at the junction of North Circular Road and Phibsboro Road.

O’Donoghue (1986), pg106; Ryan (1945), pgs 172-173

Oct-14

Sean Tracey (Tipperary IRA) is killed in a shoot-out in Talbot St, Dublin;  two British intelligence officers (Lt Price and Sgt Francis Christian) are also killed as are two civilians (15 rear-old Patrick Carroll and Joseph Corringham).  Joe Vize, IRA GHQ's Director of Purchases, Leo Henderson and Sean Forde are arrested.  (Abbott says that all IRA men escaped.  Also Townshend says the date was the 20th October.)  Tracey is buried two days later in Kilfeacle cemetery, near Solohead, Co Tipperary.

Townshend (1975), pg 122; Coogan (1990), pg 152; Abbott (2000), pg 99; Breen (1989), pgs 153-154; Ryan (1945), pgs 174-188 & pgs 193-198

Oct-14

Peter Carroll shot in his bed by British forces in Dublin - Breen says they were looking for his son who was an IRA officer.

Gleeson (1962), pg 105; Breen (1989), pg 132; O’Farrell (1997), pg 103; Brennan (1950), pg 101

Oct-14

Field Marshall Henry Wilson writes in his diary that Llyod George was “going to shoulder the responsibility of the reprisals but wanted to wait until the American elections were over”

 

Macardle (1999), pg 391

Oct-15

J. Cunningham from Dublin dies as does M. Furlong from Summerhill, Co. Wexford and M. Maguire from Ardfert, Co. Kerry

 

O’Farrell (1997), pg 105; O'Farrell P (1997), pg 108 & 113

Oct-16

F. Moy from Bridgend, Co. Donegal dies.

O'Farrell P (1997), pg 114

Oct-16

In disturbances following the eviction of a Catholic from his home in North Belfast, three Protestants are killed: John Gibson (52); William Mitchell (25) and Matthew McMaster (39).

 

Parkinson (2004), pgs 95-96

Oct-17

James Lehane from Ballymakeera, Co Cork shot and killed by Auxiliaries.  According to Hart, he was not an IRA man.  

Hart (1998), pg 29

Oct-17

Michael Fitzgerald (O/C 1st Battalion Cork No. 2 Brigade) dies in Cork Jail after 67 days on hunger strike.  He is buried in Kilcrumper.

 

O’Donoghue (1986), pg59; Macardle (1999), pg 391

Oct-17

H. Kelly from Ballygawley, Co. Sligo dies.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 110

Oct-17

RIC Sgt Daniel Roche, who had been brought to Dublin from Tipperary to identify Sean Tracey,  was shot and killed by the Squad at the corner of Capel St and Ormond Quay.  The members of the Squad were Joe Dolan, Tom Keogh and Jim Slattery.  Paddy Daly, Charlie Daton and Bill Stapleton also present. (O’Farrell says shooting took place on Parliament St. which is across the Liffey from Capel St.)

 

Abbott (2000), pg 134; O’Farrell (1997), pg 25; Dalton (1929), pgs 98-100

Oct-18

The IRA attack and capture the RIC barracks in Ruan, Co. Clare.  More Detail

Abbott (2000), pg 135 & 312; Barrett in The Kerryman (1955), pgs 91-95

Oct-18

Two brothers who were IRA men from the 1st Battalion, 3rd Tipperary Brigade (Eamonn Dwyer and Francis Dwyer) were shot in their homes by armed and masked men at Ballydavid, at the foot of the Galtee Mountains and near Bansha, Co Tipperary.  (Abbott says that they were killed in the Ragg, (aka Bouladuff) Co Tipperary but he is probably mistaken - see 7th July 1921) 

 

Abbott (2000), pg 264; Ryan (1945), pgs 189-190; O’Farrell (1997), pg 31

Oct-19

Jack Fitzgerald and Mick O'Neill - two experienced IRA officers from Kilbrittain, Co Cork - are captured by the British.

Deasy (1973), pg 154

Oct-19

Ambush by IRA led by James Tormey at Faheran near Athlone.  Seamus O’Meara also in ambush party.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 83

Oct-20 (?)

Michael Walsh, a Sinn Féin County Councilor in Galway is found dead after being arrested by men, who were likely to be members of the British forces, a week previously.

Gleeson (1962), pg 109

Oct-20

RIC patrol attacked at Feakle, Co. Clare.  (Is this the same attack that Abbott has dated as the Oct 6th?)

O'Kelly and Mulvey in The Kerryman (1955), pg 142

Oct-20

P. Doyle from Ballingare, Co. Roscommon dies as does M. Galvin from Macroom and M. Kelly from Glaslough, Co. Monaghan.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 106 & 108 & 110

Oct-20

Irish Catholic bishops issue a pastoral saying that, if there were anarchy in Ireland, the Ministers of the British Government were its architects.

Macardle (1999), pg 391

Oct-20

Kevin Barry tried by court martial in Marlborough Barracks (now McKee Barracks). 

Carey (2001), pgs 18-27

Oct-20

De Valera sends President Wilson a formal request for the U.S. to recognise the Republic of Ireland as a sovereign independent state.

Macardle (1999), pg 409

Oct-21

Patrick Moylette, a London-based Irish businessman and a contact of Arthur Griffith, gets in touch with Brigadier General Cockerill (see Oct-08) and tells him to relay to Llyod George that he could have peace 'whenever he wished' on the basis of Cockerill's letter.  Moylett(e) meets a person from the Foreign Office and a letter from Griffith is relayed to Llyod George but nothing comes of this initiative.

Coogan (1990), pg 186; Macardle (1999), pg 413

Oct-22

Three policemen are ambushed at Glandore, Co Cork - two of them (Constable  Bertie Rippengale and Constable  Albert Rundle) subsequently die from their wounds.

Abbott (2000), pg 135

Oct-22

Three RIC lorries are ambushed at Parkwood, Clara, Co. Offally.  The driver of one of the lorries (Constable Harry Biggs) is killed. Ambush carried out by newly formed flying column of the Athlone Battalion IRA led by James Tormey. George Adamson also took part in the ambush.  Leads to reprisals by the RIC in the villages of Moate, Horseleap, Killbeggan and in Athlone.  A number of civilians are wounded and one, Michael Burke (a former Irish Parliamentary Party urban councillor) is killed.

Abbott (2000), pg 135; Sheehan (2017), pg 359;

O’Farrell (1997), pg 103

Oct-22

Dublin Castle issue an order – under the Special Constabulary Ireland Acts of 1832 and 1914 – that a Special Constabulary was to be created.  Theoretically from loyalists all over Ireland but they appear only in Ulster.  Recruitment begins in Belfast on 1st November.  There were to be four elements A (full-time); B (part-time); C (reserve) and CI (ex-UVF men).  This Constabulary was recruited mainly from the Ulster Volunteer Force and the Orange Lodges.  (See Sep-02 above.) The main restriction on their use was that they could only proceed on armed patrol under the command of a regular RIC officer.  Comment 

Townshend (1975), pg 124; Abbott (2000), pgs 141-147; Hopkinson 2002, pg 159; Parkinson (2004), pgs 83-90

Oct-24

Ambush by men from the Cork No. 3 Brigade, IRA on two British Army lorries at Tureen on the Innishannon- Ballinhassig road.  Four British army killed (including Capt Dixon) and four others wounded.  8 rifles, 1 revolver and 200 rounds of ammunition captured.  The ambush was led by Brigade O/C Charlie Hurley with sections led by Liam Deasy and Tom Barry.  (Barry disputes Deasy account of what happened at Tureen (Toureen).  He also says that 5 British army killed and that 14 rifles, 1,400 rounds of ammunition and a number of Mills bombs were captured.)  Barry's editor says it took place on the 22nd October.

(Deasy (1973), pgs 155-157; Barry(1999), pgs 28-33;  Barry (1974), pgs 9-12

Oct-24

T. Egan from Galway dies

O’Farrell (1997), pg 107

Oct-25

Terence McSwiney (Lord Mayor of Cork and Commandant of the Cork No.1 Brigade IRA) dies on hunger strike in Brixton prison - he had been on hunger strike since 12th August – some 74 days.  His funeral receives wide-spread publicity. His death is followed by that of Joe Murphy (Volunteer, 2nd Battalion, Cork No. 1 Brigade).  Arthur Griffith subsequently suspends the policy of hunger striking.  McSwiney is replaced by Sean O'Hegarty as O/C Cork No. 1 Brigade.

Townshend (1975), pg 122; Hart (1998), pg 85 & O'Kelly in The Kerryman (1955), pg 26

Oct-25

The IRA raid the RIC barracks at Tempo, Co. Fermanagh with the help of RIC men.  It results in the death of one RIC man (Sgt  Wilfred Lucas).  It is only a partially successful raid as local loyalists come to the assistance of the police.  Subsequently, a local Republican (Philip Breen) is shot and killed on his doorway.

Abbott (2000), pgs 136-138

Oct-25

M. Flynn from Mullingar, Co. Westmeath dies, as does C. Lynch from Milltown Malbay, Co. Clare.

O'Farrell P (1997), pg 108 & 111

Oct-25

At Moneygold eight miles from Sligo (between Grange and Cliffony in Co. Sligo), the IRA ambush an nine-man RIC patrol, killing four (Sgt Patrick Perry, Constable Patrick Keown, Constable Patrick Laffey and Constable  Patrick Lynch) and wounding two others (Constables Clarke and O'Rourke)  The IRA was led by Sligo Brigade O/C William Pilkington.

Hopkinson (2002), pg 136 and Abbott (2000), pgs 138-139

Oct-26

F. Dougan from Co. Armagh dies as does M. Garvey from Ballyrath, Co. Armagh; W. Gleeson from Thurles, Co. Tipperary and H. Moore from Derry.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 106 & 108 & 113

Oct-27 (?)

Michael Ryan of Curraghduff, Co Tipperary and 15-year-old Willie Gleeson of Moher, Co Tipperary were shot dead by armed men who said they were from the English secret service.

Glesson (1962), pg 109

Oct-27 (?)

In disturbances in the Short Strand area of Belfast, Joseph McLeod, a Protestant received gunshot wounds to the head from a Catholic gunman from which he later died.

Parkinson (2004), pg 96; McDermott (2001), pg 65

Oct-27

Kevin Barry informed that he will be hung the following Monday, 1st November.  The Governor of Mountjoy Prison (Munro) receives an order from General Macready C-in-C of British Army in Ireland telling him to carry out the sentence.

Carey (2001), pgs 27-28

Oct-27

Michael Scanlon, O/C 1st Battalion, East Limerick Brigade is shot dead when trying to escape in Limerick.  It would seem that he was actually trying to escape. (Regan gives a short account.)

O’Farrell (1997), pg 93; Regan (2007), pg 163

Oct-28

The newly-formed Number 1 Flying Column of the South Tipperary Brigade under Dinny Lacey ambush a lorry with soldiers at Thomastown - three soldiers killed and five wounded as is one IRA man (Michael Fitzgerald).  They were expecting an RIC tender but the soldiers (from the Northhamptonshire Regiment) came unexpectedly.  Fitzgerald was Adjutant and Paddy Horan was I/O.  Other IRA men present were Jim Gorman, Brian Shanahan, Jack Tierney, Jim Bishop and Rody Hanley,

Ryan (1945), pg 190;  Delaney in The Kerryman (1955), pgs 95-101

Oct-28

Kevin Barry makes a sworn statement about his mal-treatment by the British Army.  Carey comments "Although brutal, the treatment was mild compared to that meted out to other members of the IRA who had been captured.  One reason for this was that Barry was captured by normal British military - he would have fared considerably worse if he had been caught by the Black and Tans or the Auxiliaries."

Carey (2001), pg 28

Oct-29(?)

In an address to the 'Civilised Nations' on the forthcoming hanging of Kevin Barry, Arthur Griffith pointed out that British forces captured by the IRA had been released (including 25 English soldiers captured during the Kings Inn raid on the 1st June in which Barry had taken part). 

Carey (2001), pgs 36-37

Oct-30

Irish Bulletin publishes Kevin Barry’s account of his torture  Also publishes Griffith’s address to the ‘Civilised Nations’ and Childers letter to the British press.

Gallagher (1953), pgs 105-106

Oct-30

RIC cut off communications to Tralee until the 10th November after murderous attacks on RIC men.

Townshend (1975), pg 125; Hopkinson (2002), pg 125

Oct-30

 

A five-man RIC patrol is ambushed at Castledaly, Co. Galway (between Kilchreest and Peterswell) resulting in the death of one policeman (Constable Timothy Horan)

Abbott (2000), pg 139

Oct-30

In his report to the Irish Situation Committee of the British Cabinet, Macready deals with the MacSwiney funeral, the railway situation and the forthcoming Barry hanging.  He says "It would be a good thing if some person in authority in England would explain publicly that this man [Barry] was conclusively proved to have shot a soldier with an expanding bullet"

Carey (2001), pg 33

Oct-31

RIC District/Inspector Philip Kelleher shot dead in the Grenville Arms Hotel, Granard, Co Longford.

Hopkinson (2002), pg 142; MacEoin in The Kerryman (1955), pg 103; Abbott (2000), pg 140

Oct-31

RIC Sgt Henry Cronin is shot outside his home in Henry St., Tullamore, Co. Offally - he dies the next day.

Abbott (2000), pg 140

Oct-31

Two RIC men (Constable Albert Caseley and Constable Herbert Evans) are shot dead at Hillville, Co. Kerry (outside Killorglin).  Two other RIC men (Constable  Ernst Bright and Constable  Patrick Waters) are reported missing.  Posters appear in Tralee threatening reprisals if the two policemen are not returned.  It is reported later that they were thrown alive into the furnace in Tralee Gas Works.

Abbott (2000), pgs 140-141 & 311 & 313

Oct-31

The North Kerry IRA attack the RIC barracks and a patrol in the village of Ballyduff, Co. Kerry.  It results in the death of three RIC men (Constable  Robert Gorbey, Constable  William Madden and Constable  George Morgan).  S. Houlihan from Ballyduff also dies.

Abbott (2000), pg 141; O’Farrell (1997), pg 109

Oct-31

At a brigade council of the Cork No. 3 Brigade, held at Copeen, a decision is made to form a brigade flying column (in addition to existing battalion columns).  Tom Barry is appointed Column Commander and it decided that it should be based at Togher (north-west of Dunmanway).  The third week long training camp also starts in Kealkil.  (There had been a second in early October.) 

Deasy (1973), pgs 158-159

 

Oct-31

Under-Secretary James McMahon requests the Viceroy, Lord French that Kevin Barry be reprieved.  The following day, French declines.

 

Oct-31

Tommy Donovan (O/C 7thDrangan – Battalion, 3rd Tipperary Brigade, IRA) is killed in action at Glengoole, Killenaule, Co. Tipperary.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 29

Oct

Local general strike in Monaghan by labourers and carters results in improved pay conditions for the workers.

O’Drisceoil (2001), pg 15

Oct

Raids by the British forces, which had been curtailed in May by the new incoming commanders, were now being resumed in full force and running at 10 a day in Dublin alone.

Townshend (1975), pg 127

Oct

British army strength in Ireland 55,800 at this point.

Sheehan W. (2017), pg 365

End-Oct

Cork No. 2 Brigade Column disbanded and decided that each Battalion should build its own column.

O’Donoghue (1986), pg103

Oct

RIC reprisal in Listowel, Co Kerry

Hopkinson (2002), pg 80

 

 

Home     1920     Next Month    Previous Month      Bibliography