November 1922

 

Nov?

After an attempt to capture rifles from pro-Treaty soldiers goes wrong in Harcourt St in Dublin, an anti-Treaty volunteer (William ‘Kruger’ Graham) is ‘captured and shot dead in the street’.  [One of the participants, Stephen Keys, in his BMH statement, is critical of the leader of the anti-Treaty ASU, Bill Roe, for his actions during this operation.]

Dorney (2017), pg 159

Early -Nov

Anti-Treaty volunteers in Dublin carry out a series of arson attacks – or attempted arson attacks – on income tax offices in O’Connell St, Gardiner St, Bond St and Adelaide Road. They also destroy the Rotunda Theatre and the bonded stores in Sheriff St.  This is part of the anti-Treaty forces campaign to economically cripple the emerging state.

Dorney (2017), pg 210

Nov-02

Pro-Treaty forces, led by Capt ‘Tiny’ Lyons encounter two anti-Treaty army men (Michael O’Sullivan and Denny Connor) near Headford Junction.  O’Sullivan is killed (after capture it is claimed) and Connor escapes.

 

Macardle (1998), pg 12

Nov-02

In a possible attempt to kill Richard Mulcahy, four anti-Treaty volunteers approach the sentries on Portobello Barracks armed with revolvers.  One anti-Treaty volunteer, Frank Power, is shot dead.

Dorney (2017), pg 171

Nov-03

Liam Lynch arrives in Dublin and sets up his HQ in Tower House, Santry - the home of Mr and Mrs Michael Fitzgerald and Misses Nora, Kit and Nan Cassidy.

 

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 277

Nov-03

In a robbery on the Post Office in the Rotunda, Dublin, an anti-Treaty ASU gets away with £2,133. 

Dorney (2017), pg 157

Nov-03

Three pro-Treaty soldiers are killed when the car they are travelling in crashes (due to speeding) at the North Wall in Dublin.  A civilian (Edward Kavanagh) is also killed.

Dorney (2017), pg 154

Nov-05

Ernie O'Malley is wounded and captured at his HQ in Mrs Shelia Humphreys, Ailesbury Road.  At this time, O'Malley is Assistant Chief of Staff and Commandant of the Northern and Eastern commands of the anti-Treaty army and had just being appointed Commandant of the Western Command.  A pro-Treaty soldier, Peter McCartney from Ballinamore is killed in this raid when O’Malley tried to shoot his way out.  (Hopkinson and Dorney say it was the 4th November.)

 

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 278; Hopkinson (1988), pg 211;

Nov-05

Internment orders issued against four Protestant paramilitaries in Belfast and, in the next six weeks, another 12 men had been interned and others jailed for firearm offences.  Parkinson quotes Patrick Buckland as saying that there can “no denying that this [removal of the UPA threat] could have been achieved earlier and lives saved had the [NI] government been willing to use its powers as fully against loyalists as it [did] against nationalists” – see 27th March 1922. 

 

Parkinson (2004), pgs 280-281

Nov-07

Cabinet of Provisional Government resolves that Mulcahy must in future attend all cabinet meetings (as Minister of Defence).  Up to this date, he was attending one in three.

Dorney (2017), pg 135

Nov-08

Attack by the anti-Treaty Dublin ASU, led by Bill Roe, on Wellington Barracks on the South Circular Road.  (Wellington Barracks was a holding centre for anti-Treaty prisoners. It was also where Army Intelligence was based.) They took up positions on both sides of the Grand Canal with one group (armed with a Thompson submachine gun) on a rooftop with a clear line of fire into the parade ground.  One pro-Treaty soldier, Thomas Murphy, was killed and another, James Finlay, dies of his wounds.  Some 20 soldiers and two civilians were wounded. Another civilian, called Keane, was killed in crossfire. In a follow-up operation, one anti-Treaty man, James Spain, was shot dead on Susan Street (Susan Terrace?) near Donore Avenue after been captured.  The anti-Treatyites named his killer as Christy Clarke.  This attack is followed by severe abuse of anti-Treaty prisoners in Wellington Barracks.

Dorney (2017), pgs 172-173

Nov-09

Anti-Treaty volunteers and pro-Treaty troops engage at Carrigneamo between Macroom and Millstreet in County Cork.  AT led by Sean Moylan.

McDermott (2001), pg 271

Nov-10

Erksine Childers arrested at his cousin’s Robert Barton house at Annamoe, Co Wicklow.  He had a small automatic on him given to him by Michael Collins.  (Hopkinson says that he had been summoned back to Dublin by de Valera who had appointed him Minister of Publicity in his anti-Treaty cabinet.  However, Curran says that he was dissatisfied with the propaganda work he had been doing in the south, had resigned and returned to Dublin.) (Dorney says 11th)

 

Hopkinson (1988), pg 189; Dorney (2017), pg 2017

Nov-13

Attack by a 12-man strong anti-Treaty ASU (from South Dublin Brigade) on a 7-man pro-Treaty army patrol on Ulverton Road, Dalkey, Co. Dublin.  One pro-Treaty soldier (Corporal Samuel Webb) and one civilian (called Manning) were killed.

Dorney (2017), pg 164

Nov-15

General election in United Kingdom.  Only two constituencies are contested in Northern Ireland. Two nationalists TJS Harbison and Cahir Healy (an internee) are elected in the two-seater Fermanagh and Tyrone constituency with large majorities over their unionist opponents. Unionist win the other eleven seats – ten of them uncontested.  More Detail

 

Phoenix (1994), pgs 262-3; Walker (1992), pg 15

Nov-16

The anti-Treaty Director of Intelligence, Michael Carolan, compiles a list of twelve men who he believes are in the “Free State Murder Gang”.  The list includes ex-Squad members William Stapleton, James Conroy, Frank Bolster, and former IRA Intelligence Section men Sean O’Connell, Charlie Dalton, Joe Dolan and Charlie Byrne.  Also Sam Robinson and Robert Halpin and three more soldiers without a pre-Truce record.  Other anti-Treaty sources also named John Bolger and Charles McCabe. (Liam Tobin not mentioned but he was Director of Army Intelligence at the time.) 

Dorney (2007), pg 184

Nov-17

Childers brought before a Military Court.  He is sentenced with unlawful possession of a weapon, found guilty and sentenced to death.  His sentence is confirmed by the Army Council.

 

Macardle (1999), pg 811; Curran J M (1980), pg 257

Nov-17

The first executions under the Public Safety Bill take place.  In Kilmainham Jail, four anti-Treaty Volunteers are executed for possession of revolvers – all arrested in late October.  (Hopkinson says five.) They are 21-year old Peter Cassidy (7 Usher St., Dublin); 18-year old James Fisher (Eckland St., Dublin); 21-year old John Gaffney (3 Usher St., Dublin) and 21-year old Richard Twohig or Touhig (1 O’Connor Buildings, Dublin).  Cassidy and Gaffney were from the 3rd Battalion and the other two from the 2nd Battalion.  Tom Johnson protests in the Dáil but Mulcahy says that he knows that people will be shocked and saddened by the executions but stern measures had to be taken or assassins and wreckers would destroy the country.

 

O'Farrell P (1997), pg xxiii & 222 & 223 ; Hopkinson (1988), pg 189; Macardle (1999), pg 811; Curran J M (1980), pg 256

Nov-18

Irish Independent comes out against the government’s execution policy

Dorney (2017), pg 148

Nov-18

Pro-Treaty soldiers open fire on a demonstation supporting anti-Treaty prisoners in O’Connell St in Dublin.  One member of Cumann na mBan is killed – Lillie Bennet.

Dorney (2017), pg 163

Nov-19

Four anti-Treaty volunteers blew themselves up when laying a mine on the Nass Road near Inchicore, Dublin.  They were Captain Thomas Maguire, Lieutenant Paddy Egan and Volunteers Thomas S Whelan and Bernard Curtis.

Dorney (2017), pg 156

Nov-20

British Parliament reassembles with Bonar Law as Prime Minister.  Two bills are introduced “Irish Free State Constitution Bill” and “Irish Free State (Consequential Provisions) Bill”.  

 

Macardle (1999), pg ?; Curran J M (1980), pgs 262-263

Nov-21

Meeting in Dublin of northern nationalists with both Sinn Féin and ‘Hibernian’ nationalists present.  They decide to continue with the policy of non-recognition of the Northern Ireland Government.  Comment 

 

Phoenix (1994), pgs 264-265

Nov-24

Erskine Childers is executed in Beggars Bush barracks by Pro-Treaty forces.  Firing squad was commanded by Paddy O’Connor.

O'Farrell P (1997), pg xxiii; Macardle (1999), pg 814; Curran J M (1980), pgs 257-258; Dorney (2017), pg 211

Nov-24

Michael Kilroy - Commandant of the Western Command of the anti-Treaty IRA - is wounded and captured during a massive sweep in west and south Mayo. The pro-Treaty officer in charge said that five of his troops and 11 Anti-Treaty men were killed during this operation.

 

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 278; Hopkinson (1988), pg 217

Nov-24

Resigning as Chairman of the Anti-Partition League, Lord Midleton said “Llyod George went back on his pledges, Griffith’s soft words have borne no fruit” and he went on to complain about the lack of powers for the Senate.

 

Hopkinson (1988), pg 196

Nov-27

Liam Lynch sends letter to the Ceann Comhairle of the "Provisional Parliament of Southern Ireland" saying that "unless your army recognises the rules of warfare in future we shall adopt very drastic measures to protect our forces."  And he states that all TDs who supported the special powers resolution shared in the guilt.  (Text of letter is given as Appendix 29 in Macardle.)  Two days later, he issued a general order to men to kill listed categories of Provisional Government supporters – TDs who supported the bill, high court judges, hostile newspaper publishers, etc. Also said that the houses of various pro-Treaty politicians and soldiers are to be burnt.

 

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 279; Hopkinson (1988), pg 190; Macardle (1999), pg 822; Curran J M (1980), pg 260; Dorney (2017), pg 213

Nov-28-29

In the Dáil, George Gavan Duffy launches a strong attack on the government in the Dáil over the execution of Childers and the other executions.  In this, he is supported by Dr. Patrick McCartan.  The policy of executions is defended by O’Higgins and Mac Neill.  Comment

Macardle (1999), pg 815; Curran J M (1980), pgs 257-260

 

Nov-28

Pro-Treaty soldiers aboard a train from the Curragh to Dublin are ambushed resulting in two soldiers being wounded, one fatally.

Dorney (2017), pg 165

Nov-29

A letter from a pro-Treaty TD, Donal O’Rourke, appears in the press saying he has resigned.  (He says that he was a supporter of the Collins-de Valera Pact.)

 

Macardle (1999), pg 815

Nov-30

Three anti-Treatyites Patrick Farrelly (from 67 Chancery Lane, Dublin), John Murphy (56 Bellview Buildings, Dublin) and Joseph Spooner (36-37 McCaffery’s Estate, Dublin) are executed in Beggars Bush, Dublin. They were captured with revolvers and bombs after an attempt was made to blow up Oriel House on the 30th October.  When it is announced in the Dáil that these executions have taken place, they are denounced by Tom Johnson as anarchy and he demands that the military trials be made public.  He is supported by Darrell Figgis.

 

O'Farrell P (1997), pg 223 & 225; Macardle (1998), pg 816; Dorney (2017), pgs 211-214

Nov-30

Patrick Lynch of Moyrisk, Co. Kerry (O/C of 3rd Battalion, anti-Treaty Kerry No.3 Brigade) is killed by pro-Treaty forces during a raid on his house.

 

Macardle (1998), pgs 26-28

End -Nov

8,338 anti-Treaty prisoners held through-out Ireland

Dorney (2017), pg 192

Nov

Emmet Dalton leaves his command of the Pro-Treaty forces in Cork in mysterious circumstances.  There is difficulty getting a replacement.  After Sean O Muirthile took over for a short time, David Reynolds was appointed.

 

Hopkinson (1988), pg 203

 

 

 

Nov

Jock McPeake hands over the armoured car, the Slievenamon to the anti-Treaty forces.  (McPeake had driven the Slievenamon at Beal na Blath on Aug 22nd.)

 

Hopkinson (1988), pg 203

 

 

 

 

 

 

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