April 1919



Henderson WS 821, pg 61

Apr 1/4

Second session of First Dáil - 52 TDs attended (Gallagher says 60) - De Valera elected President of Council of Ministers or Prime Minister and appoints cabinet.  More Detail  

Curran J M (1980), pg25; MacEoin in The Kerryman (1955), pg 14; Macardle (1999), pg 284; Gallagher (1953), pgs 66-67


Embassies' set up in Paris and Washington under Sean T O'Kelly and Dr Pat McCartan respectively

Coogan (1990), pg 98


An IRA attempt to free a prisoner (Robert Byrne) in the Limerick Union Hospital (workhouse) results in the death of one RIC man (Constable Martin O'Brien)  and the IRA prisoner.  Byrne has been moved from Limerick Goal as he had gone on hunger strike.  The rescue attempt had been led by Michael 'Batty' Stack and another RIC man (Constable Spillane) was seriously wounded.  Byrne is wounded and dies on April 16.  More Information  

Hopkinson (2002), pg 106; Abbott (2002), pgs 33-35; Brennan (1980), pg 37; O’Farrell (1997), pg 12

April 8-9

Sinn Féin Ard Fheis held in Dublin.  De Valera re-elected President.  Harry  Boland defeats Darrel Figges for post of Honorary Secretary.  (Figgis claims that the vote was marshaled by IRB and Irish Volunteers within Sinn Fein).  Bean Siobhan Paora is acting Treasurer along with Eamonn Duggan.

Figgis (1927), pg 247; O’Farrell (1997), pg 86


IRA issued warnings to selected 'G' men (members of the G division of the DMP) after Collins sees the files held on the IRA (on the night of the 7th April) by the G division in the Brunswick St Police Station - he had been let in by Ned Broy.  Collins got a deep insight into the modus operandi of the G Division.  A number of G men were accosted and threatened.  More Detail

Abbott (2000), pgs 40-41;  Coogan (1990), pg 107


Counties Cork, Kerry, Limerick, Roscommon and Tipperary proclaimed as being in a state of disturbance.

Abbott (2000), pg 67

Apr 10/12

Third session of First Dáil - Dáil passes motion calling on Irish people to ostracise RIC and announces plan for bond sale.  Announces establishment of embassies.  De Valera also says “The Minister of National Defense is, of course,  in close association with the voluntary military forces which are the foundation of the National Army.” Valiulis gives date for de Valera’s statement as 19th April.  (Famous photograph of 41 TDs taken on the 10th April.)

Curran J M (1980), pg25; Macardle (1999), pg 288; Valiulis (1985), pg 16


The Irish Weekly reports that Louis J Walsh (from Ballycastle) had told the Sinn Féin Ard Fheis that attention should be given to Ulster as the “organisation had not sufficiently grappled with that question”.

Phoenix (1994), pg 65


Robert Byrnes, who had earlier been rescued by his comrades – see April 6th – dies from his wounds in Limerick.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 103; Macardle (1999), pg 292


Irish-American delegation meets President Wilson in Paris and Wilson says that he can only apply pressure on Llyod George privately. Hopkinson's reference for showing that this private pressure was applied was one of the Irish-American delegation (Frank P Walsh).

Hopkinson (2002), pg 167


Raid on Araglin RIC barracks by Fermoy Battalion led by Michael Fitzgerald (O/C Fermoy Battalion) and Con Leddy (O/C Araglin Company) and five other Volunteers.  They take away six carbines and a revolver.

O'Donnoghue (1986), pg46


Irish Self-Determination League (ISDL) formed in England.  Art O’Brien becomes President.

Macardle (1999), pg 285


Hopkinson says that a failed attempt to disarm two RIC policemen at Aughnacliffe, Co. Longford results in the wounding of two Volunteers. However,  Macardle says that Michael Walsh and two other men are shot dead by police in Longford in the last week of April. Coleman says that the two volunteers (Michael McNally and Matt Brady) were wounded when trying to disarm two RIC men at Aughnacliffe (with Brady being badly wounded).

Hopkinson (2002), pg 142; Macardle (1999), pg 292; Coleman (2003), pg 116


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