April 1919


Apr 1/4

Second session of First Dáil - 52 TDs attended (Gallagher says 60). De Valera elected President of Council of Ministers or Prime Minister and appoints a cabinet.  More Detail  

Curran J M (1980), pg25; MacEoin in The Kerryman (1955), pg 14; Macardle (1999), pg 284; Gallagher (1953), pgs 66-67


Embassies' set up in Paris and Washington under Sean T O'Kelly and Dr Pat McCartan respectively

Coogan (1990), pg 98


Irish Volunteers attempt to free a prisoner (Robert Byrnes) in the Limerick Union Hospital results in the death of one RIC man (Constable Martin O'Brien) and the prisoner.  On the 9th April, Limerick was declared a Special Military Area and this led directly to the Limerick Trades Council calling a general strike on the 13th April which lasted almost two weeks. This became known as the Limerick Soviet.   More Detail

Hopkinson (2002), pg 106; Abbott (2002), pgs 33-35; Brennan (1980), pg 37; O’Farrell (1997), pg 12; O’Callaghan (2018), pgs 55-57; Corbett (2008), pgs 46-49

Apr -07

Late this evening, Detective Ned Broy of the DMP allows Michael Collins and Sean Nunan into the office of Inspector Ned McFeely of the G Division of the DMP in 1 Great Brunswick St. The G Division of the DMP was the section responsible for investigating political crime.  After spending most of night in the secure room, Collins got a deep insight into the modus operandi of the G Division. (He also takes with him the record of people who have phoned the DMP with Volunteer positions during the 1916 Rising.)

Abbott (2000), pgs 40-41; Coogan (1990), pg 107; Price (2017), pg 76

Doyle (2008), pg 33

April 8-9

Sinn Féin Ard Fheis held in Dublin.  De Valera re-elected President.  Harry Boland defeats Darrel Figges for the post of Honorary Secretary.  (Figgis claims that the vote was marshalled by IRB and Irish Volunteers within Sinn Féin).  Bean Siobhan Paora is acting Treasurer along with Eamonn Duggan.

Figgis (1927), pg 247; O’Farrell (1997), pg 86


After Collins sees the files held on the Irish Volunteers (on the night of the 7th April) by the G division in the Brunswick St Police Station, he issues warnings to selected 'G' men (members of the G division of the DMP).  In the following days, a number of G men were accosted and threatened.  More Detail

Also see 30th July.

Abbott (2000), pgs 40-41;  Coogan (1990), pg 107; Price (2017), pg 76; Doyle (2008), pg 34


The Irish Volunteers raid the small British army station at Ned’s Point in Inishowen in Co. Donegal and remove all guns and ammunition.  Most of the soldiers stationed at Ned’s Point were at a local dance.

Ó Duibhir (2009), pg 106


Counties Cork, Kerry, Limerick, Roscommon and Tipperary proclaimed as being in a state of disturbance.

Abbott (2000), pg 67

Apr 10/12

Third session of First Dáil - Dáil passed motion calling on Irish people to ostracise the RIC and also announced a plan for a bond sale.  In addition, the establishment of embassies is announced.  Also, authorisation given for the issuing of Republican Loan to the value of one million sterling – half to be raised in Ireland and half abroad.  To be used to develop fisheries, reafforestation and industries, along with a civil service and arbitration courts.  (See End-April 1920)

De Valera also says “The Minister of National Defence is, of course, in close association with the voluntary military forces which are the foundation of the National Army.” Valiulis gives date for this statement from de Valera as 19th April. 

(Famous photograph of 41 TDs taken on the 10th April.)

Curran J M (1980), pg25; Macardle (1999), pg 288; Valiulis (1985), pg 16; Townshend (2014), pg 90


The Irish Weekly reports that Louis J Walsh (from Ballycastle, Co. Antrim) had told the Sinn Féin Ard Fheis that attention should be given to Ulster as the “organisation had not sufficiently grappled with that question”.

Phoenix (1994), pg 65


In Amritsar in the Punjab, India, soldiers under the command of Brigadier General Reginald Dyer – without warning - open fire on a large crowd of peaceful, unarmed civilians in the Jallianwalla Bagh (a large public walled garden) killing at least 379 people and wounding 1,137.

Following standard practice, at first, the British tried to whitewash the massacre but, as the details of the massacre emerged, Dyer was relieved of his command and he was censured by the House of Commons. However, he was promptly exonerated by the House of Lords and allowed to retire on a large pension.

Dyer has been educated at Midleton College, Cork and the Lieutenant Governor of the Punjab, Michael O’Dwyer (who supported Dyer throughout), was born in Tipperary.  

Tharoor (2019), pgs 23-25


Robert Byrnes, who had earlier been rescued by his comrades – see April 6th – dies from his wounds in Limerick.  (Corbett says that he died on the night of April 6th.)

O’Farrell (1997), pg 103; Macardle (1999), pg 292; Corbett (2008), pg 49


Irish-American delegation meets President Wilson in Paris and Wilson says that he can only apply pressure on Lloyd George privately. Hopkinson's reference for showing that this private pressure was applied was one of the Irish-American delegation (Frank P Walsh).

Hopkinson (2002), pg 167


Raid on Araglin RIC barracks by Fermoy Battalion of the Irish Volunteers led by Michael Fitzgerald (O/C Fermoy Battalion) and Con Leddy (O/C Araglin Company).  They take away six carbines and a revolver.

O'Donnoghue (1986), pg46


Michael Walsh, a volunteer from Ring, Co. Waterford approaches Ballinagoul RIC barracks to seek help with a fracas in a local pub between republicans and the crew of a British Navy vessel.  However, the RIC man on duty thought he was under attack and shot through the door, fatally wounding Walsh. 

McCarthy (2015), pg 63


The Waterford Standard reports that following a brawl between Sinn Féin and Redmondite supporters in Waterford City, William Grant (a Redmondite) was killed.

McCarthy (2015), pg 65


Irish Self-Determination League (ISDL) formed in England.  Art O’Brien is elected President.

Macardle (1999), pg 285


Hopkinson says that a failed attempt to disarm two RIC policemen at Aughnacliffe, Co. Longford results in the wounding of two Volunteers. However, Macardle says that Michael Walsh and two other men are shot dead by police in Longford in the last week of April. Coleman says that the two volunteers (Michael McNally and Matt Brady) were wounded when trying to disarm two RIC men at Aughnacliffe (with Brady being badly wounded). Coleman says that this incident led to a ‘hostile spirit’ towards the RIC in Longford.  (Coleman makes no mention of anyone being killed by the RIC in this period.)

Hopkinson (2002), pg 142; Macardle (1999), pg 292; Coleman (2003), pg 116


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