March 1919


Trooper William Wilson of the BA’s King’s Edward Horse kills himself in the Military Barracks in Kilkenny, Co Kilkenny.


O’Halpin and Ó Corráin (2020), pg 108


First meeting of the brigade officers of the Cork No. 3 (West) Brigade of the Irish Volunteers since its founding – See Jan-05-19/1.  The meeting takes place at Ballinvard, near Rossmore, Co. Cork.


Deasy (1973), pg 58


Irish-American delegation (See Feb-22 to 23-19/1) meets with US President Woodrow Wilson in New York.  Wilson says that he accords with their aspirations but refuses to commit himself to support the Irish position in Paris and them palms them off with the possibility that the League of Nations might do something in the future.  (Fanning describes the meeting between Wilson and the Irish-American delegation as ‘stormy’.)

On the same day, U.S. House of Representatives passes (by a majority of 261 to 41) a resolution which states that it is its hope that the Peace Conference in Paris will “favourably consider the claims of Ireland to self-determination”.  A similar resolution is passed in the in the U.S. Senate. 

After the unproductive meeting with President Wilson, the Irish Race Convention appoints a three-man team to go to the Paris Peace Conference.  See Apr-17-19/1.


Hopkinson (2002), pg 167; Macardle (1999), pg 280; Fanning (2013), pg 198; Mitchell (1995), pgs 28 & 39


After a decision made at the British cabinet on March 4th, the remaining 'German Plot' internees are released (i.e. those who had not already escaped). This decision was due to flu epidemic sweeping the country and which led to the death in Gloucester prison of Pierce McCan, Sinn Féin TD for Tipperary on March 6th.

Among those released are Arthur Griffith, William T Cosgrave, Darrell Figgis and Constance Markievicz.

(Molyneux and Kelly say prisoners started to be released on March 9th.)


Curran J M (1980), pg25; O’Farrell (1997), pg 58; O’Halpin and Ó Corráin (2020), pgs 108-109; O’Halpin (1987), pg 186; Molyneux and Kelly (2020), pg 69


A nationalist revolution begins in Egypt against British occupation.  It is quickly suppressed but over 800 Egyptians are killed in two weeks of fighting.

Llyod George sets up an inquiry into the future of Egypt under Alfred Milner, Secretary of State for the Colonies. Milner leads a delegation to Egypt in December 1919 which reports in the summer of 1920.  In his report, Milner proposes a degree autonomy for Egypt.  See Aug-25-20/4.

Quoting Kedourie, Jeffrey notes that (as was to happen in Ireland), the British had been “reduced to negotiating with men who before 1914 they were accustomed to manage”.


Jeffrey (2006), pg 253; Morgan (1979), pg 120; Mitchell (1995), pg 106


Royal Navy Reserve man, James Martin, drowns in Kingstown, Co. Dublin.

O’Halpin and Ó Corráin (2020), pg 549


Private William Smith of the BA’s Queen’s Own Cameron Highlanders is accidently shot dead in the Ballyvonaire Military Camp in Buttevant, Co Cork.


O’Halpin and Ó Corráin (2020), pgs 109 & 549


An ex-BA soldier, Alfred Pearson, is shot and killed during a raid for weapons on his home at 146 Richmond Road in Dublin.  The raiders were probably members of Fianna Éireann.

O’Halpin and Ó Corráin (2020), pg 109; Molyneux and Kelly (2020), pg 70


A party of BA soldiers are disarmed in Macroom, Co. Cork.


Sheehan (2017), pg 117


A soldier in the BA’s East Yorkshire Regiment, Harry Harrison, is killed in unknown circumstances in Westmeath.


O’Halpin and Ó Corráin (2020), pg 109


Robert Barton (see Feb-26-19/1) escapes from Mountjoy Prison.  He leaves a note for the Governor saying that the accommodation was not up to his expectation.

Coogan (1990), pg 98; Gallagher (1953), pg 64; Brennan (1950), pg 260; Molyneux and Kelly (2020), pgs 78-79


BA soldier, Thomas Strange, died from a fractured skull at Ballykinlar, Co. Down.

O’Halpin and Ó Corráin (2020), pg 549


Irish Volunteers from 1st Battalion, Dublin Brigade (led by Patrick Holohan) raid Collinstown aerodrome outside Dublin (now Dublin Airport) resulting in the capture of 75 rifles and 4000 rounds of ammunition.  (Henderson says 6000 rounds of ammunition were captured.)  This raid was sanctioned and co-ordinated at Brigade level.

Townshend 1975, pg 19; Figgis (1927), pg 262; O'Farrell P (1997), pg 46; Gallagher (1953), pg 66;  Henderson WS 821, pg 55; Price (2017), pgs 72-74; Molyneux and Kelly (2020), pgs 70-77


Major Ashley Fetherstonhaugh of the BA’s 14th (King’s) Hussars is killed when the car in which he is being driven is hit by a train at Leemount level crossing in Co. Cork. 


O’Halpin and Ó Corráin (2020), pg 109


Notice appears in the press (signed by Harry Boland and Tom Kelly – Hon. Secs. of Sinn Féin) that de Valera will arrive in Dublin on the 26th March and be met at the gates by the Lord Mayor who will escort him to the Mansion House.  (De Valera had been in hiding since his escape from Lincoln Jail.)  Dublin Castle issues a proclamation prohibiting all meetings and processions in the city.

See Mar-24-19/1.


Figgis (1927), pg 241


The Irish Weekly reports that, in a by-election in heavily unionist North Londonderry constituency, the Sinn Féin candidate (Patrick McGilligan) increased his vote by 400 over the December 1918 election. (According to Walker, by-election was held on March 4th and McGilligan increased his vote by 382.) 


Phoenix (1994), pgs 65 & 409; Walker (1992), pg 9


The old and new Executives of Sinn Féin (i.e. Executive elected before German Plot and one elected after arrest of most members of the Executive in wake of German Plot) meet to discuss the Castle’s prohibition of de Valera’s entry into City.  

More Detail


See Mar-25-19/1.

Figgis (1927), pgs 242-244; Brennan (1950), pg 238; Hopkinson (2002), pg 40; Macardle (1999), pg 284; Townshend (2014), pgs 82-83; Molyneux and Kelly (2020), pgs 69-70


The Local Government (Ireland) Bill tabled in the Westminster parliament in London with provisions to introduce proportional representation in local government elections in Ireland. (See Jan-15-19/3). 

The introduction of proportional representation was generally seen as an attempt by the British Government to diminish the effect of support for Sinn Féin in Ireland.


Ó Duibhir (2009), pg 106


A notice appears in the press, in de Valera's name, that the public reception planned for the following day would be abandoned.


Figgis (1927), pg 244-245


The Times of London states “In principle Home Rule has passed beyond discussion.  While its character, its extent and its limitations have to be reviewed afresh, we are all Home Rulers today”.


Boyce (1972), pg 25


Twenty Irish Volunteer prisoners escape from Mountjoy prison including Piarais Béaslai, JJ Walsh and Padraig or Ted Fleming.

Coogan (1990), pg 98; Murphy (2007), pg 439; Molyneux and Kelly (2020), pgs 79-82


Resident Magistrate John Charles Milling is shot dead in at his home in Westport, Co Mayo.  Abbott says he was unpopular as he had sent Volunteers to prison for unlawful assembly and drilling.  

Price names two IRB men who had been in Frongoch as possibly involved in the killing – Joe Ruddy and Charles Gavin.  O’Halpin and Ó Corráin name Joe Gill, Joe Walsh and Joe Ruddy as being involved in the killing.  See Nov-24-22/3.

(Hopkinson and Abbott say 31st March; Macardle, Price, Mitchell  and O'Farrell say it was March 29th while O’Halpin and Ó Corráin say that he was shot on March 29th and died on the 30th.)


Hopkinson (2002), pg 26; Abbott (2000), pg 43; Macardle (1999), pg 292; O'Farrell (1997), page 69; Price (2012), pgs 25-37; O’Halpin and Ó Corráin (2020), pgs 109-110; Mitchell (1995), pg 74



BA soldier, Thomas Allen, dies as a result of a flying accident in Birr, Co. Offaly

O’Halpin and Ó Corráin (2020), pg 549


BA soldier, William Hill, is accidently shot dead at Fethard, Co. Tipperary.

O’Halpin and Ó Corráin (2020), pg 549


Ernie O’Malley is sent to Clare by the GHQ of the Irish Volunteers.  Three brigades had been set up in Clare where there previously had only been one to the resentment of Patrick Brennan the former O/C – he was replaced by his brother Michael (who was later to be replaced by his other brother Austen). 


O’Malley (1990), pg 96


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