August 1923


An Indemnity Bill is passed by the Dáil to protect pro-Treaty forces.

Macardle (1999), pg 862


The Garda Síochána (Temporary Provisions) Act is enacted  formally creating the new force and incorporating the earlier Civic Guard.

Abbott (2000), pg 293; Durney (2011), pg 56


Having successfully argued for participation in the general election in the South, de Valera comes out of hiding to address a meeting in Ennis where he arrested and placed in Arbour Hill prison for over a year.


Macardle (1999), pgs 864-865; Ó Ruairc (2009), pg 320


At General Election, Cumann na nGaedheal win 63 seats; Sinn Féin 44; Independents 16; Farmers 15; Labour 14; and Independent Labour 1 seat. (Number of seats had been expanded from 128 to 153.)   About 415,00 first preference votes were given to pro-Treatyites and 286,000 to anti-Treatyites. (64% of electorate voted.)


O'Farrell P (1997), pg xxiv; Hopkinson (1988), pg 262; Macardle (1999), pg 865


Home     1923    Next Month    Previous Month      Bibliography