January 1919  


Sinn Féin hold a large number of meetings around the country focusing on their demand for the release of all political prisoners.

Gallagher (1953), pg 56


Following an earlier decision to break the large Cork Brigade of the Irish Volunteers (which covered all of Co. Cork) into three brigades, on this night the (West) Cork No. 3 Brigade was formed at a meeting Kilnadur, Dunmanway presided over by Michael Collins. More Detail 

O'Donnoghue (1986), pg 35; Deasy 1973, pgs 58 & 319


Meeting held in house of Batt Walsh, Glashbee, Mallow to form (North) Cork No. 2 Brigade presided over by Tomás MacCurtain.  More Detail

O'Donnoghue (1986), pg36


Joe Devlin, the Nationalist MP for the Falls in Belfast, writes of his strong inclination against attending Westminster.  However, eventually, he and other five Irish Party (Nationalist) MPs do attend.

Phoenix (1994), pgs 59-61


26 Sinn Féin MPs met in the Mansion House and agree to convene Dáil Eireann as an independent Constituent Assembly of the Irish Nation.  Sean T. O’Kelly, George Gavan Duffy and Piaras Béaslaí are among the members of the committee appointed to prepare for the opening and invitations are sent to all elected MPs in the name of Count Plunkett (as Chairman of the meeting of Republican Representatives). Count Plunkett had just been released after seven months in jail.

Macardle (1999), pg 272; Gallagher (1953), pg 56;  Townshend (2014), pg 65


The Chief Secretary for Ireland, Edward Shortt is replaced by Ian Macpherson.  (Shortt is promoted to Home Secretary.)  Macpherson was a Highland Presbyterian Scot and Liberal MP.  This appointment made a meeting of the new British Cabinet headed by Lloyd George.

Townshend (1975), pg 20; Macardle (1999), pg 272


Belfast ship workers call a strike in support of a forty-hour week.  The strike becomes general and paralyses the city for almost a month.

Grant (2018), pg 87


The Versailles Peace Conference starts in Paris.

Gallagher (1953), pg 56


First meeting of Dáil Eireann in Round Room, Mansion House, Dublin.  Of the 69 Sinn Féin MPs elected only 27 TDs present, 36 were “Fé ghlas an Gallaibh” including De Valera and Griffith.  Cathal Brugha elected Acting President of the Ministry pro tempore and Sean T. O'Kelly as Ceann Comhairle (Speaker).   More Detail    Comment

Curran J M (1980), pg23; MacEoin in The Kerryman (1955), pg 14; Figgis (1927), pgs 229-233; Macardle (1999), pgs 271-277; Gallagher (1953), pgs 56-62; Daly (2017), pgs 334-339; Doyle (2008), pg 29; O’Callaghan (2012), pg 36; Townshend (2014), pgs 65-66


Ambush at Soloheadbeg, Co Tipperary. In what is normally given as the first act of the War of Independence, an ambush is carried out by members of the South Tipperary Brigade of the Irish Volunteers on a cart carrying gelignite for a quarry in the Soloheadbeg area (about four miles from Tipperary Town and about one mile from Limerick Junction).   In the ambush, the two RIC men, guarding the consignment of gelignite, Constables James McDonnell and Patrick O'Connell, are killed. More Detail 

Breen (1989), pg33;  Abbott (2000), pgs 30-42; Ryan (1945), pgs 56-68; Townshend (2014), pgs 78-80


Escape of four prisoners from Usk Prison.  They were Joseph McGrath TD, Barney Mellows, Frank Shouldice and George Geraghty.  (Coogan says 21st; Murphy says 22nd)

Coogan (1990), pg 90; Murphy (2017), pg 439


Opening of the Irish Race Convention in Philadelphia - lasted two days and attended by 5,000 delegates.  They appoint three-man commission to present the Irish cause at the Paris (Versailles) Peace conference.  (See also February 22/23.)

Hopkinson (2002), pg xiv & pg 166


South Tipperary declared a military area by Dublin Castle.

Hopkinson (2002), pg xiv


Staff at the Monaghan Asylum go on strike with newly appointed ITGWU official, Peadar O’Donnell, as organiser.  On the 28th, the strikers take over the asylum and run in as a ‘soviet’ with O’Donnell as ‘governor'.  They raise the red flag and are surrounded by armed police.  Negotiations take place, resulting in victory for the workers.

O’Drisceoil (2001), pgs 12 & 13


Kilkenny City Council elect Peter DeLoughrey as Mayor.  DeLoughrey is a prisoner in Lincoln prison.

Walsh (2018); pg 59


Two RIC men – Sgt Barney Oates and Constable Francis O’Connell - are on a routine patrol near Castlegregory, Co. Kerry when they are ambushed by seven men from the 4th Battalion, Kerry No. 1 Brigade of the Irish Volunteers.  Sgt Oates is wounded during the ambush.

Horgan (2018), pg 76


In a raid for arms on the house of local Justice of the Peace, Andrew Wilkinson in Creeslough, Co. Donegal, the captain of the Cresslough company of the Irish Volunteers, James McNulty, is wounded.  He is later taken to the Mater Hospital in Dublin to have a bullet removed. 

Ó Duibhir (2009), pg 104


A grenade is thrown into Derry jail.

Grant (2018), pg 88


Following a meeting of the Executive of the Irish Volunteers earlier in the month, the editorial of An t-Óglach (the official publication of the Irish Volunteers) states that the new situation after the forming of Dáil Eireann “justifies Irish Volunteers in treating the armed forces of the enemy – whether soldiers or policemen – exactly as a National Army would treat the members of an invading army” and entitles Volunteers to use “all legitimate methods of warfare against the soldiers and policemen of the English usurper, and to slay them if necessary to overcome their resistance”.

Macardle (1999), pg 291; Grant (2018), pg 87


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