September 1920

 

Early-Sept

After being interviewed by Brigade O/C Charlie Hurley and Brigade V/C Ted O'Sullivan, Tom Barry is made Brigade Training Officer of the Cork No. 3 Brigade IRA on October 1st.

 

Deasy (1973), pg 141 & 319

Sep-01

Five RIC men on bicycles are attacked at Rathmacross, Co. Roscommon (between Ballaghdereen and Frenchpark) resulting in the deaths of two policemen (Constables Edward Murphy and Martin McCarthy) and one IRA man (Tom McDonagh).  The IRA were led by Jim Hunt and Marren. (O'Farrell says that the ambush takes place at Ratra, Teevnacreeva.)

 

Abbott (2000), pg 119; O'Farrell P (1997), pg 60

Sep-01

Barney Marron, Monaghan Brigade IRA, shot dead during a raid for arms.  P. Marron also killed.

O'Daly in The Kerryman (1955), pg 51; O’Farrell (1997), pg 113

Sep-01

Ambush by 6th Battalion, Cork No. 1 Brigade on British forces at Inniscarra. British got away and there were no casualties on either side.

 

O'Callaghan (1974), pg 35

Sep-01

T. McDonagh from Cloonloo, Co. Sligo dies.

 

O’Farrell (1997), pg 112

Sep-02

Following the severe disturbances in Belfast, at a meeting in London, Sir James Craig presses Bonar Law, Lord Privy Seal, to create a special constabulary raised “from the loyal population which would only be called out for duty in case of emergency.  The organisation of the UVF should be used for this purpose, as was done for raising the 36th Ulster Division when the war broke out”.

 

Parkinson (2004), pg 84

Sep-03

Two policemen were cycling from Portland (Portlaw?) to Leamybrien when they are ambushed at Kilmacthomas, Co. Waterford resulting in the death of Sgt Martin Morgan.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 119

Sep-03

N. Kerr from Pigeon House Rd., Ringsend, Dublin dies.

 

O’Farrell (1997), pg 110

Sep-03

Coroners’ inquests abolished in ten counties.

 

Macardle (1999), pg 381

Sep-05

IRA man Liam Hegarty killed by British forces outside BallyvourneyMemorial to Liam Hegarty.  Also M. Lynch from Ballyvourney, Macroom, Co. Cork dies.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 109 & 111

Sep-08

A four-man RIC patrol is ambushed near Tullow, Co. Carlow resulting in the deaths of two RIC men (Constable  Timothy Delaney and Constable  John Gaughan) and another being seriously wounded.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 119

Sep-08

RIC driver, Constable  Edward Krumm, is killed in Galway Railway Station, Galway City - he is thought to have killed one of his attackers.  A Military Inquiry is held instead of an inquest for the first time under ROIA as jury members had not been turning up for inquests.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 119

Sep-08

Attempted ambush on British Army cycle patrol by men from the Cork No. 3 brigade IRA (led by Liam Deasy) at Manch on the Dunmanway-Ballineen road fails due to incorrect information and one IRA man is captured.

 

Deasy (1973), pgs 136-139

Sep-08

British ministers, after meeting with a UUC delegation the previous day, decide to organise a force of special constables and to appoint a Permanent Under-Secretary in Belfast (who was to be Sir Ernst Clarke). 

 

McDermott (2001), pg 57

Sep-09

Seamus Quirke, 2nd Battalion, Cork No. 1 Brigade IRA is killed

O'Kelly in The Kerryman (1955), pg 26

Sep-10

P. Gill from Corlara, Co. Leitrim dies as does S. Mulvoy from Galway.

 

O'Farrell P (1997), pg 108 & 114

Sep-10

The Irish Bulletin issues captured British documents written on the 15th January  1920 and the 8th April 1920 which were written on Dáil notepaper.  This calls into question the statement from the Chief Commissioner of the DMP (issued on the 27th May) that no Dáil notepaper had been seized by detectives in their raid on Dáil HQ the previous November.  More significantly, the Bulletin also published a report from Capt F. Harper-Shove of the British General staff and in charge of Intelligence in the Dublin district and claimed that an expert was prepared to swear that the typewriter on which this report was typed was the same typewriter on which the death notices were typed which were sent to Dáil member the previous May.  Finally, the Bulletin published a letter from F. Harper-Stove from St. Andrew’s Hotel, Exchequer St., Dublin to “Dear Hardy” saying that “Have been given a free hand to carry on, and everyone has been charming.  Re our little stunt, I see no prospects until I have things on a firmer basis, but still hope and believe there are possibilities”.  The Bulletin claims that the little stunt is the assassination of leaders of Sinn Féin.

 

Gallagher (1953), pgs 91-93

Sep-11

John Toner (50), a Catholic carter, is shot by a military patrol close to his home in Cable St., Belfast. The army say that he was in breach of curfew regulations and that he failed to stop when requested.  Mr Toner died in hospital the following day.

 

Parkinson (2004), pg 50

Sep-12

A Brigade Council of the 3rd South Tipperary Brigade was taking place at Blackcastle (each battalion was represented three officers as well as all the brigade officers) when he was raided a party of mounted Lancers.  Three IRA men were captured.  The dispersion of the Brigade Council became known as the "Blackcastle Races".

 

Ryan (1945), pgs 144-146

Sep-14

Three IRA men are killed in South Roscommon by the 9th Lancers. They are Michael Glavey (Ballinlough), Patrick Glynn (Aughaderry, Loughglynn) and Michael Keane.

 

O’Farrell (1997), pg 84

Sep-14

J. Connolly from Tullagahan, Kinlough, Co. Leitrim dies.

 

O’Farrell (1997), pg104

Sep-14

The London Times reproduces most of the Irish Bulletin of the 10th but says that it failed to prove an actual plot of assassination of public representatives.

 

Gallagher (1953), pg 94

Sep-14

A meeting of Dublin Corporation sets up a committee to put the Belfast Boycott into immediate effect.

 

Macardle (1999), pg 387

Sep-15

Ernie O'Malley (GHQ Staff Captain) starts a two-week training course of 19 members of the Cork No. 1 Brigade (and one member of the Waterford Brigade) at Badger's Hill, Glenville. 

 

O’Donoghue (1986),  pg97

Sep-15

RIC man (Constable Terence Wheatly) is shot in Market Sq, Dundalk - it is unclear as to what happened.  He died three days later.

Abbott (2000), pgs 120-121

Sep-15

In an interview given to a French newspaper, Macready says that “We have most of their names, and the day may come when we shall be able to make a definite clearance of them”

Macardle (1999), pg 381

Sep-15

Sir Ernest Clarke, a leading civil servant, appointed as an additional Under-Secretary in Belfast in anticipation of the changes that the setting up of a Northern Ireland parliament would bring.  His job was to provide a framework for the forthcoming administration.  Greenwood pushes him to work on the restoration of expelled workers but this fails mainly due the insistence of the UULA and Loyalist Vigilante Committee insisting that returning workers should sign a declaration of loyalty to the Crown and renounce support for Sinn Féin.

 

Phoenix (1994), pg 93; Parkinson (2004), pg 40

Sep-15

In the United States, on the initiative of Dr W. J. Maloney (and with the help of Frank P. Walsh) a committee of prominent people was set up to investigate conditions in Ireland.  (It included 11 Senators, 13 Congressmen, 5 Governors, prominent clergy from a number of denominations, college presidents, etc.)   It decided to hold hearings in Washington by five of its members.

 

Macardle (1999), pg 407

Sep-16

J. Athy from Maree, Oranmore, Co. Galway dies

O’Farrell (1997), pg 102

Sep-16

Griffith assembles a number of press correspondents at which he exposes a British spy.  (Full report contained in Irish Independent of the 17th given in Brennan.)

Brennan (1950), pgs 275-283

Sep-17

Dáil issues a decree prohibiting the imposition of religious tests as a condition of employment.

Macardle (1999), pg 387

Sep-18

An IRA attack on the Scariff RIC barracks (led by Michael Brennan) has to be called off when the time bombs fail to explode.  The barracks is vacated two days later.

Brennan (1980), pgs 56-58

Sep-19

A joint RIC/Military patrol is ambushed by the Flying Column of the West Limerick Brigade at Mountmahon, Co. Limerick (between Abbeyfeale and Limerick City) - two RIC men (Constable  James Donohoe and Constable  John Mahony) later die from wounds received.  Toomey says that the target of the ambush was a Black and Tan called Constable Thomas Huckerby.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 121-122; Harnett (2002), pgs 65-66; Toomey (2008), pg 64

Sep-19

S. Doyle from 159 Emmet Rd., Inchicore, Dublin dies

O’Farrell (1997), pg 106

Sep-20

RIC Head Constable Peter Burke and his brother, Sgt Michael Burke are attacked by the IRA in Mrs Smith's public house on The Square, Balbriggan, Co.  Dublin.  In retaliation, the Auxiliaries, who are based in Gormanstown, carry out reprisals in Balbriggan killing two suspected IRA men (James  Lawless & John Gibbons), burning 54 houses, a hosiery factory and loot four public houses.  This became known as the 'Sack of Balbriggan'.  It receives wide-spread publicity as compared to previous RIC reprisals.  (This is probably due to the fact that Balbriggan is relatively close to Dublin and therefore within easier reach of the Dublin-based foreign correspondents.) Memorial

 

O'Farrell P (1997), pg, ;Townshend (1975),  pg 115; Gleeson (1962), pg 84; Abbott (2000), pgs 122-123  & Hopkinson (2002), pg 80

Sep-20

Kevin Barry is arrested (with a loaded revolver) after taking part in an IRA hold up of a ration party of British Army outside Monks’s Bakery in Church St, Dublin at the junction of North King St.  In the raid, two British soldiers were killed and a number injured, one of whom later died from his wounds. Their names were Privates Washington, Humphries and Whitehead from the Duke of Wellington's West Riding Regiment.  Barry had been on holidays in Carlow and had come back to Dublin to do his repeat first year medical examinations.  (The raid took place in the morning at 11.00am and he was due to sit his last exam in the afternoon.)

 

Townshend (1975), pg 115; Carey (2001), pgs 15-17 & Hopkinson (2002),pg 87

Sep-20

P. Hartnett and J. Healy from Abbeyfeale, Co. Limerick die.  Toomey says that these two young men were shot by Constable Thomas Huckerby (see 19th September) and that when the death certificates were issued by a military court of inquiry, the cause of death was put down as ‘Shot by revolver shots fired by T. D. Huckerby’.  He also says that neither man had any involvement with the IRA.

 

O’Farrell (1997), pg 109; Toomey (2008), pg 64

Sep-20

British forces wreck houses in Carrick-on-Shannon and Tuam

Macardle (1999), pg 388

Sep-21

RIC reprisals in Drumshambo and Galway

Macardle (1999), pg 388

Sep-21

RIC Sgt Denis Maguire is shot and killed during the search of a house in Ferbane, Co. Offally.

Abbott (2000), pg 123

Sep-22

RIC tender ambushed at Rineen, Co Clare (between Ennistymon and Milton Malbay) by Mid-Clare Brigade IRA.  The ambush leads to the deaths of six policemen.  Earlier Resident Magistrate Lendrum was shot by IRA at Doonbeg, Co. Clare.  More Detail

Townshend (1975), pg 115; Abbott (2000), pgs 123-126 and pg 273 & Hopkinson (2002),pg 130;  O'Malley (2001), pgs 64-90;  Lynch in The Kerryman (1955), pgs 67-77;  O'Farrell (1997), pg 83

Sep-22/23

In reprisal for Rineen ambush, the RIC run amok in Ennistymon, Lahinch and Miltown Malbay killing six people and burning 26 buildings, including Ennistymon and Lahinch Townhalls.  The people killed were John Keane, Dan Lehane, Tom Connole, P J Linnane (12 year old boy), Joseph Salmon or Sammon (an East Clare farmer on holidays) and Pake Lehane (son of Dan who had been present at Rineen ambush).  O’Farrell says that man from Milltown Malbay called Lynch was also killed.  Hopkinson comments that there was no follow up by the local IRA to the Rineen ambush and "thereafter West Clare was quiet".

 

Townshend (1975), pg 115;  O'Malley (2001), pgs 77-82;  Hopkinson (2002), pg 130; Lynch in The Kerryman (1995), pgs 74-77; O’Farrell (1997), pg 92 & 111

Sep-22

Councilor John Aloysius Lynch from Kilmallock, Co Limerick was shot by British soldiers in the Exchange Hotel, Parliament St., Dublin - O’Donoghue & Dalton indicate that they may have thought they had Liam Lynch.  Gallagher says that he was a District Judge in the Republican Courts.

 

O’Donoghue (1986), pg 93; O’Farrell (1997), pg 56; Gallagher (1953), pgs 81 & 94 & 109-110; Dalton (1929), pg 101

Sep-23

Henry Wilson makes an entry in his diary saying that Sinn Féiners were being shot by local police "without question or trial … Winston saw very little harm in this but it horrifies me".  He also noted that "Tudor made it very clear that the police and the Black and Tans and the 100 Intell: officers are all carrying out reprisal killings".

 

Townshend (1975), pg 116

Sep-25

A five man RIC patrol is ambushed in the village of Broadford, Co. Clare resulting in the death of one RIC man (Constable  Michael Brogan) and the wounding of another (Constable  Brennan).  The IRA party was led by Michael Brennan and included James Hogan (later a professor in UCC). Brennan says that there were only two men in the RIC patrol.

Abbott (2000), pg 126; Brennan (1980), pgs 59-60

Sep-25

Two RIC men (Constable Thomas Leonard and Constable Carroll) are shot on the Falls Road in Belfast.  Constable  Leonard later dies from his wounds. First RIC man killed in Belfast (even though 54 people had died in Belfast since July).  Riots break out afterwards. 

Abbott (2000), pg 126; O’Farrell (1997), pg 98; Macardle (1999), pg 386

Sep-26

In what is taken as a reprisal for the shooting of the two RIC men, early on the morning of the 26th,  IRA and IRB man, Eamonn Trodden, is taken from his home on the Falls Road and shot. Later two Sinn Féin members James (Sean) Gaynor (24) and John (Sean) McFadden (24) are shot in their homes – both are from Springfield Rd., Belfast.  It is suspected that was RIC involvement in these killings – nationalists came to view them as the first killings masterminded by RIC men District Inspector Nixon and Chief Inspector Harrison.  (It is claimed that Harrison and Head Constable Giff were actually involved in the killings with other members of the gang such as Sgt C. Clarke, Sgt Hicks and Sgt. Glover and Constables Golding, Caldwell, Sterrit, Gorden, Cooke, Packenham and Norton also likely to be involved.  This information comes from a confidential memo compiled by the Belfast IRA with the help of sympathetic members of the RIC.  It is in the Blythe papers in UCD.)  According to McDermott,  Gaynor was brother of IRA officer Liam Gaynor.

 

O'Farrell P (1997), pg 108 & 112; Parkinson (2004), pgs 70-71 & 331; McDermott (2001), pgs 46 & 60-61

Sep-26

Week long training camp starts for 36 men of the Cork No. 3 Brigade (mostly Bandon Battalion) at Clonbouig led by Tom Barry.

Deasy (1973), pg 142

Sep-26

Possible meeting between Arthur Griffith and John Anderson in the offices of Corrigan's Solicitors, St Andrew's St., Dublin.

Townshend (1975), pg 116

Sep-26

Notices put up in Kilkee that if Capt Lendrum was not returned by 29th, then the villages of Kilkee, Kilrush, Carigaholt, Kilmill and Doonbeg would be burned.  On October 1st, Lendrum body is found in a coffin on the railway line near Craggknock station. 

O'Malley (2001), pg 83; O’Farrell (1997), pg 111

Sep-27

Nationalists attack returning shipyard workers in the Marrowbone district of Belfast, sniping breaks out and two Protestants – Frederick Barr (44) and John Lawther (19) – received fatal wounds.  (McDermott says Lawther shot by Catholic gunmen on the 29th.)

Parkinson (2004), pg 71; McDermott (2001), pg 63

Sep-27

RIC reprisals in Trim, Co Meath

Hopkinson (2002), pg 80

Sep-28

Men from the Cork No.2 Brigade, IRA, led by Liam Lynch and Ernie O'Malley, capture the only military barracks captured during the War of Independence at Mallow, Co Cork.  More Detail  

O'Farrell P (1997), pg xvii; O’Donoghue (1986), pg98-101 & Hopkinson (2002), pg 80; Lynch in The Kerryman (1995), pgs 77-85; O’Malley (1990), pgs 183-187

Sep-28

At a time that Greenwood was telling the House of Commons that British forces were not carrying out reprisals, Macready writes to Wilson outlining a plan for official reprisals saying that "Where reprisals have taken place, the whole atmosphere of the surrounding district has changed from one of hostility to one of cringing submission."   The attitude of some members of the British Establishment is satirised by Lord Hugh Cecil as "It seems to be agreed that there is no such thing as reprisals, but they are having a good effect."

 

Townshend (1975), pg 120; Abbott (2000), pg 176

Sep-28

The Deputy Inspector General of the RIC (C. A. Walsh) issues a circular on Alleged Acts of Reprisals by Police and Soldiers saying that it deprecated the destruction of buildings but that use of weapons when threatened was only legitimate self-defence.  It also states that it is the duty of the police “to hunt down murderers by every means in their power”. It goes onto say that "The police will be fully supported and protected in the discharge of their duties by every means available".  Townshend calls the RIC order "positively ambiguous".  (Townshend gives the date of the circular as the 4th October.)

Townshend (1975), pg 120;  Abbott (2000), pgs 173-174

Sep-28

Francis O’Hara shot by unionists in Carlisle Road in Derry – not clear if he was killed.

Gallagher (2003), pg 32

Sep-29

Wilson puts the idea of official reprisals to Llyod George who said that the British Government could not take responsibility for burnings but that he still favoured 'gunning'. 

Townshend (1975), pg 120; Macardle (1999), pg 390

Sep-29

A four man RIC patrol is ambushed at Killoskehan, Co. Tipperary (four miles from Templemore) resulting in the deaths of two policemen (Constable Terence Flood and Constable Edward Noonan) and the wounding of one other (Constable  Ferris).

Abbott (2000), pg 127

Sep-29

Two policemen (Constable John Downey and Constable John Keeffe) were in John Ryan's pub in O'Brien's Bridge, Co Clare when they were shot and killed.  They were killed by Michael Brennan (O/C East Clare Brigade) and he was wounded in the exchange of fire.  Also, present were Alphie Rodgers, Brud McMahon and Martin Kildea - see 16th Nov 1920.

Abbott (2000), pg 127; Brennan (1980), pgs 59-62

Sep-29

In riots following the shootings of the three Sinn Féin men on the 26th, four Catholics are shot dead by the British Army in the Falls Road area of Belfast.  The four men were Robert Gordon (18), Thomas Barkley (32), James Shields (19) and William Teer (30).  At the coroner’s inquest into their deaths, it was stated that the army had been “justified in firing on the crowd”

Parkinson (2004), pgs 71-72; McDermott (2001), pg 63

Sep-30

W. Corbett from New Rd., Tipperary dies.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 104

Sep-30

Major reprisals by RIC including the burning of a creamery in Tubbercurry, Co Sligo after District Inspector James Brady was killed in an ambush by IRA (led by Frank Carty) at Chaffpool between Bunnadden and Tubbercuury.  Sgt O'Hara also seriously injured.

Townshend (1975), pg 120 & Abbott (2000), pg 128-129

Sep-30

Trim RIC barracks attacked and captured by Meath Brigade IRA (including Sean Boylan) early on a Sunday morning.  Twenty rifles, twenty shotguns, six revolvers, a box of grenades and ammunition for all arms taken.  A large number of houses and shops in Trim are subsequently burned and a number of people ill-treated by the RIC.  Kit Lynam, O/C 1st (Dunboyne) Battalion, Mick Hynes and Patrick Mooney (V/C and O/C 2nd (Trim) Battalion respectively) also involved in attack.

 

Finn in The Kerryman (1955), pgs 85-91; O’Farrell (1997), pg 8 & 31 & 70

Sep-30

‘Little Tommy’, a British spy dressed as a tramp, is captured by the IRA and killed at Knockmore, Co. Carlow.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 55

 

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