August 1920

 

Early-Aug

Registration offices opened for Expelled Workers in Belfast with an estimated 2,000 enrolling.  During the Autumn, they appeal for funds all over Ireland and abroad – first payments made to expelled workers on Aug-19.  The government eventually sets up a fund for the expelled workers and with approximately 8,140 registered on this scheme by early October.

 

Parkinson (2004), pg 38

Aug-01

Meeting between IRA GHQ staff and representatives from southern brigades in 35 Lr Gardiner St., Dublin to discuss tactics.  More Detail

 

Coogan (1990), pgs 142-143; Deasy (1973), pgs 131-133

Aug-02

Restoration of Order in Ireland Act (ROIA) placed before British Parliament – guillotined through and received royal assent on the 9th August.  It legalises internment and gives military courts power to try capital cases and a number of other offences.  Replaced coroners’ courts with military courts of enquiry for deaths caused by Crown Forces.  (Special extension of the Defence of the Realm Act.)

Townshend (1975), pg 103; Carey (2001), pg 5; Macardle (1999), pg 380;

Phoenix (1994), pg 92

 

Aug-05

RIC barracks at Blackrock outside Dundalk evacuated and it is burnt that evening.

Gavin and O’Donnell (1999), pg 27

Aug-05

Lecky Road RIC barracks burned.

Gallagher (2003), pg 30

Aug-06

Bishop MacRory, in a letter, states that “Until this city [Belfast] is taught that it depends on Ireland, there will be recurrent outbursts of bigotry here, and a standing obstacle to the settlement of the whole of the Irish Question.”

Parkinson (2004), pg 39

Aug-06

Sean McEntee, one of the few Northerners in the Dáil, introduces a motion supporting a ban on financial and trade dealings with Unionist companies, initially only in Belfast.  The motion is defeated.  (Parkinson says that it was defeated by those who were wary of becoming embroiled in Northern affairs.)  - see Aug-11.  A Belfast Boycott Committee was set up in August by Catholics in Belfast – it included Sean McEntee, Bishop MacRory, Frank Aiken, Fr John Hassan, local businessmen and others.

 

Hopkinson (2002), pg 160; Parkinson (2004), pg 73

Aug-06

At a meeting in O’Mahonhy’s of Belrose near Upton, the Brigade Council of the Cork No. 3 Brigade of the IRA, Charlie Hurley is made Brigade O/C and Dick Barrett is made Brigade QM (to replace Hales and Harte respectively – See July 27th). 

 

Also, according to Deasy, Ted O’Sullivan is made Brigade V/C but according to O’Donoghue, he was made V/C on the previous August 16th

Deasy (1993), pgs 131, 319 & 357

Aug-06

Two co-operative creameries burnt.

Macardle (1999), pg 377

Aug-07

Attempted attack on RIC barracks in Innishannon, Co. Cork has to called off when a weapon goes off prematurely and alerts occupants.

Deasy (1973), pg 134

Aug-07

IRA attack a six-man RIC patrol at Kildorrey Co Cork More Detail

Abbott (2000), pg 110; O’Donoghue (1986), pg108

Aug-07

Flying Column of the Cork No. 2 Brigade formed at meeting in MourneabbeyMore Detail

Lynch in The Kerryman (1995), pgs 79-80

Aug-08

Archbishop Daniel Mannix of Melbourne is refused permission to visit Ireland and he has to disembark at Penzance instead.  He stays in Britain for several months to the annoyance of some British politicians

Hopkinson (2002), pg 85; Macardle (1999), pg 379

Aug-08

W. Hartnett from Emly, Co. Limerick dies

O’Farrell (1997), pg 109

Aug-09

Anderson and other members of the Castle Authorities who has been resident in Kingstown (Dun Laoghaire) move into Dublin Castle for their own protection.

Townshend (1975), pg 108

Aug-10

A creamery was burnt.

Macardle (1999), pg 377

Aug-10

T. Farrell from Dublin dies

O’Farrell (1997), pg 107

Aug-11

Reported in the Irish News that a handful of long-serving Catholic workers are expelled from Dixon’s Saw Mills in Milewater Road in Belfast after they refused to sign a ‘loyalty’ document.  This occurred after a vote taken by their Protestant workmates.

Parkinson (2004), pg 35

Aug-11

Irish government agree to a limited Belfast Boycott confined to Belfast banks and insurance companies.

Parkinson (2004), pg 73

Aug-12

Terence MacSwiney (Lord Mayor of Cork, TD for Mid-Cork and Commandant Cork No. 1 Brigade); Liam Lynch (Commandant Cork No. 2 Brigade); Sean O’Hegarty (Vice-Commandant Cork No. 1 Brigade); Joseph O’Connor (QM Cork No. 1 Brigade); Daniel O’Donovan (O/C 1st Battalion, Cork No.1 Brigade);  Michael Leahy (O/C 4th Battalion, Cork No. 1 Brigade) and six other men are arrested by British Military at City Hall, Cork

O’Donoghue (1986), pg91

Aug-12

A British army patrol arrives as a meeting of the officers of the Rosegreen Battalion of 3rd Tipperary Brigade is breaking up.  Three soldiers are wounded including Lieutenant Woufle.  

Ryan (1945), pg 143

Aug-12

The Dáil’s Dept. of Local Government (with William Cosgrave as Minister) writes to all local authority bodies in Ireland asking them to sever their connections with the Local Government Board and align themselves instead with the Dáil’s Dept. of Local Government.

Macardle (1999), pg 388; Phoenix (1994), pg 90

Aug-14

Patrick Lynch from Hospital, Co. Limerick dies after being taken from his house by British soldiers.  (O’Donoghue gives his name as James Lynch and indicates that they may have thought they had Liam Lynch.  He also gives the date as the 4th Aug.)

O’Farrell (1997), pg 111; Macardle (1999), pg 379; O’Donoghue (1986), pg93

Aug-15

During riots in Limerick, two Black and Tans are attacked and beaten in Edward St., Limerick resulting in the death of one (Constable  Cyril Nathan).

Abbott (2000), pgs 110-111

Aug-15

Kanturk Company of IRA attack a British military guard on a downed airplane at Drominagh near Clonbanin, Co Cork.

Lynch in The Kerryman (1995), pgs 79

Aug-15

F. McNiece from Tartaraghan, Loughall, Co. Armagh dies.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 113

Aug-16

The British authorities release all the men they captured at City Hall, Cork on the 12th Aug except Terence MacSwiney who goes on hunger strike started on the 11th August by untried prisoners in Cork Jail led by Maurice Crowe (Tipperary) and Michael Fitzgerald.  

O’Donoghue (1986), pg92

Aug-16

Patrick Clancy (O/C Kanturk Battalion) and Jack O’Connell are killed resisting arrest by joint party of RIC and British Army at Jack O’Connell’s home at Derrygallon, Co. Cork.  They had taken part in an attack on soldiers guarding a plane downed by accident near Kanturk the previous day.

O’Donoghue (1986), pg94; O’Farrell P (1997), pg 16 & 104

Aug-16

RIC reprisals in Templemore, Co Tipperary after the killing of District Inspector William Wilson in George St., Templemore.  It is said that he was killed by Jim Stapleton, the same IRA man who killed DI Hunt in Thurles over a year earlier.

Hopkinson (2002), pg 80; Abbott (2000), pg 111

Aug-16

A creamery is burnt and another on the following day.

Macardle (1999), pg 377

Aug-17

Macready issues a Special General Order warning that the severest disciplinary measures would be taken against any sign of looting or retaliation.  Tudor was supposed to issue a parallel order but did not do so until the 9th November and then it was not an order but a memorandum for information and guidance.

Townshend (1975), pg 112

Aug-17

Terence MacSwiney is transferred from Cork prison to Brixton prison

Hopkinson (2002), pg 86

Aug-17

P. Clancy from Allenbridge, Newmarket, Co. Cork dies

O’Farrell P (1997), pg

Aug-18

Longford IRA, led by Sean MacEoin and Sean Connolly, carry out a raid for arms on the Upper Military Barracks, Longford Town.

Hopkinson (2002), pg 142

Aug-19

P. Kennedy from Annascual, Co. Kerry dies

O’Farrell (1997), pg 110

Aug-21

RIC Sgt Daniel Maunsell is shot and killed as he returns from his home in Inchigeela to Macroom.  A police patrol returning from the scene of the attack is itself ambushed resulting in the injury of a number of RIC men.

Abbott (2000), pgs 111-112

Aug-21

Detective Constable John Hanlon is shot dead in a shop in Moore St., Kilrush, Co Clare

Abbott (2000), pg 112

Aug-21

RIC cycle patrol is ambushed near Oranmore, Co Galway at Red Bridge.  One RIC man is killed (Constable Martin Foley) and two are wounded (Sgt. Mulhearn and Constable  Brown).

Abbott (2000), pg 112

Aug-21

An RIC patrol from Killen Barracks, Co Kildare is ambushed at Greenhills.  One RIC is killed at the scene (Constable Patrick Haverty) while another (Sgt Patrick Reilly) later dies from wounds received.  The IRA is led by Thomas Harris.

Abbott (2000), pg 112; O’Farrell P (1997), pg 42

Aug-21

RIC patrol is ambushed in Jocelyn St., Dundalk resulting in the death of one RIC man (Constable  Smyth Thomas Brennan) and the wounding of two others.

Abbott (2000), pg 113

Aug-22

RIC man (Sgt Thomas Craddock) is shot and killed on King’s St., Athlone. IRA Athlone squad led by James Tormey.

Abbott (2000), pg 113; Sheehan (2017), pg 359

Aug-22-31

District Inspector Oswald Swanzy, RIC, shot by IRA on August 22nd just after he left Christ Church Cathedral, Market Sq., Lisburn, Co Antrim.  After the killing of Swaney, riots broke out in Lisburn, Bangor, Banbridge and Belfast with 22 people being killed in one week in Belfast (Parkinson says at least 25 in a 5-day period and McDermott says 22 killed in late August violence with approximately equal numbers of Catholics and Protestants).  More Detail

O’Farrell P (1997), pg xvi; Coogan (1990), pg 149 & Hopkinson (2002), pg 156; Hart (1998), pg 79; Abbott (2000), pgs 113-115; Macardle (1999), pg 384-385; Phoenix (1994), pg 89; Parkinson (2004), pgs 49-50 & 66-72; McDermott (2001), pgs 50-58

Aug-22

East Mayo IRA under Sean Corcoran (O/C Swinford Battalion) and Sean Walsh (Captain of the Bohala company) capture Ballyvarey RIC Barracks.

Hopkinson (2002), pg 133

Aug-22

Creamery at Knocklong, Co Limerick burnt down by RIC men.  (It is owned by Sir Thomas Cleeves, a Unionist)

Coogan (1990), pg 144; Macardle (1999), pg 377

Aug-22

Joseph Cunningham, judge in the Republican Courts for Co. Westmeath, is arrested by the RIC and severely beaten.

Gallagher (1953), pg 81

Aug-23

Ambush at Macroom is which six police are shot and a number of rifles captured.  (Same as Abbott's on 21st?)

Coogan (1990), pg 143; Macardle (1999), pg 353

Aug-24

RIC patrol ambushed at Glengarriff, Co. Cork resulting in the death of one policeman (Constable  John McNamara) and the wounding of another (Constable  Patrick Cleary).

Abbott (2000), pg 116

Aug-25

RIC patrol ambushed on Chapel St., Bantry, Co. Cork resulting in the death of one RIC man (Constable  Matthew Haugh)

Abbott (2000), pg 117

Aug-26

The IRA attack the RIC barracks in Drumquin, Co. Tyrone resulting in the death of one RIC man (Constable  James Munnelly) and one IRA man.

Abbott (2000), pgs 117-118

Aug-26

An ambush is laid for a RIC/British Army patrol by IRA men from the Cork No. 3 brigade (mostly from the Bandon Battalion) led by Sean Hales at Brinny on the Crossbarry-Bandon Rd.  However, the ambush party is attacked from the rear and Lt Tim Fitzgerald from the Mount Pleasant company is killed.  He is the first member of the Cork No. 3 brigade to lose his life in action.  (O’Farrell says that patrol attacked was one from the Essex Regiment and that the date was 28th August.)

Deasy (1973), pgs 135-136; O’Farrell (1997), pg 40

Aug-26

John Hynes from Shanagolden, Co. Limerick dies.  Toomey says that Hynes was 60 years old and shot by a Constable Thomas Huckerby (a Tan) during a reprisal,

O’Farrell (1997), pg 110, Toomey (2008), pg 64

Aug-27

When cycling from Roscommon to Kiltoom, Constable  William Potter is shot and killed at Knockcroghery, Co. Roscommon.

Abbott (2000), pg 118

Aug-27

Sean Buckley from Midleton, Co. Cork is taken prisoner by the Cameron Highlanders along with his brother Batt.  When being taken to Cork both were shot, Sean fatally.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 103; Macardle (1999), pg 380

Aug-27

A police escort is attacked at Graigue, Co. Longford (between Drumlish and Ballinamuck) resulting in the death of one RIC man (Constable John Mullan) and the wounding of three others (Constables Brogan,  Reidy and King). 

Abbott (2000), pg 118

Aug-28

A British army officer (Maj Johnstone) is shot and killed in Glenties, Co. Donegal.

Macardle (1999), pg 384

Aug-29

T. Fitzgerald from Gaggin, Co. Cork dies.  (This is probably Tim Fitzgerald killed at Brinny ambush – see 26th August.)

O’Farrell (1997), pg 107

Aug-29

P. Hughes from Roscommon dies.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 110

Aug-31

Lt Colonel FH Dorling takes over as O/C of the Manchester Regiment in Cork.  In charge of No. 3 District covering Ballincollig to Blarney to Donoughmore to Milstreet to Ballyvourney.

Sheehan (1990), pg 69

Aug-31

There is a morning attack on Catholic dockworkers in Belfast resulting in the death of one of the dockers, James Cromie (25).

Parkinson (2004), pg 50

Aug

Sligo IRA, with help from North Mayo IRA, attack and destroy Enniscrone coastguard station

Hopkinson (2002), pg 136

Aug

During August, 148 magistrates resign.

Macardle (1999), pg 363

Aug

Dublin Castle begins to issues a “Weekly Summary of Outrages”.

Macardle (1999), pg 379

Aug?

Longford IRA, led by Sean Connolly, carry out a raid on Ballymahon RIC Barracks and capture ten rifles, four revolvers, twelve grenades and ammunition.

Hopkinson (2002), pg 142

Late-Aug

IRA GHQ issued general instructions on the forming of flying columns.  (Townshend believes that the formation of flying columns was an unintended consequence of ROIA.)

Townshend (1975), pg14

Aug

Monaghan IRA, under Eoin O’Duffy, carry out a series of raids for arms on unionist houses in the Monaghan area.  Monaghan unionists organise local patrols to defend themselves and their property.

Dooley (2000), pgs 42-43

 

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