July 1920

Jul-01

29 IRA men from the Skibbereen Battalion (led by Bat O/C Sam Kingston, Bat V/C Neilus Connolly and Cork No. 3 Brigade QM Pat Harte) attack a five man RIC patrol on the Skibbereen to Leap road.  The IRA’s shotguns do not work (they had only shotguns) and they have to withdrew quickly under fire. 

Deasy (1973), pgs 114-115

Jul-01

At a court case in Derry City, some evidence emerges of collusion between the British army and the UVF in the recent rioting and killings in the city – See June 20th to 24th.

Gallagher (2003), pg 28

Jul-01

RIC Constable John Tangney resigns – he later gives evidence to the American Commission on Conditions in Ireland where he outlines the gradual phasing-in of regulations permitting the use of weapons for acts of aggression.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 97

Jul-01

Bomb attack by the IRA on the King Street (now MacCurtain Street) RIC barracks in Cork City completely destroys the building and it has to be evacuated.

Leeson (2017), pg 380

Jul-01

M. Counihane from Limerick dies

O’Farrell (1997), pg 105

Jul-01

Members of the South (No. 4) Donegal Brigade of the IRA burn down the barracks in Pettigo, Co. Donegal which had bed vacated by the RIC.  The family of the previous sergeant in charge of the barracks (Sergeant Andrews) were still living in the barracks at the time.  The family and their belonging were removed before the barracks was burnt. 

Subsequently, Sergeant Andrews applied to the county court for compensation and, during evidence, said that his family was mistreated by the IRA.  The Adjutant of the South Donegal Brigade, Liam O’Duffy, wrote a letter to the Donegal Vindicator disputing the Sergeant’s claim that his family was mistreated.  Some days later, in retaliation for publishing O’Duffy’s letter, British military entered the offices of the Donegal Vindicator and removed their type. 

Ó Duibhir (2009), pg 143

Jul-01

Chief of the Imperial Staff, Field Marshall Henry Wilson, writes in his diary that Llyod George was of the belief that “Tudor has organised a counter-murder society”.  On the 7th July, he writes in his diary that Llyod George “seemed to be satisfied counter-murder Association was the best answer to the S.F.’s murders”.

Townshend (2014), pg 155

Jul-02

A four man RIC patrol is attacked between Dualla and Ballinure, Co. Tipperary – Sgt Robert Tobin is killed and Constable Brady is wounded.  Michael Burke is arrested on the 9th August for his part in this attack. 

Abbott (2000), pg 90

Jul-02

A second attack is made by the IRA on Howes Strand Coastguard. (First was on June 22nd.)  There were 18 men in the attacking party under the command of Charlie Hurley (Bandon Battalion V/C) and Jack Fitzgerald.  There was another 24 men as back-up (doing scouting, road blocking, etc.).  There were 15 men in the station – after a brief fight they surrendered and the IRA captured 15 rifles and almost 10,000 rounds of ammunition.  (Deasy says mid-July.)

Deasy (1973), pgs 116-119; O’Farrell (1997), pg 34

Jul-03

A 9-man IRA party (led by Charlie Hurley, Bandon Battalion V/C) ambush a four-man RIC patrol at Downdaniel Railway bridge on the Bandon-Innishannon road.  One RIC man was wounded and his rifle taken.

Deasy (1973), pg 115

Jul-04

A British Military and police conference takes place at Army GHQ (Royal Hospital, Kilmainham) and agrees, among other things, that a Divisional Commander was to be appointed by the RIC in the 5th and 6th British Army Division areas to improve co-ordination between Army and police.

Townshend (1975), pg 89

Jul-04

Richard Lumley, from Rear Cross, Co. Tipperary, shot dead at Ballingeary by RIC who were sniping randomly from the back of their truck as they drove through the countryside.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 56

Jul-04

East Galway IRA, under Patrick Callanan, attack Bookeen (or Brookeen) RIC barracks midway between Loughrea and Athenry.  The attack lasted several hours and the barracks was burnt and left in ruins but the RIC men managed to escape. (Henry says 1st July.)

McNamara (2018), pgs 121-122; Henry (2012), pgs 39-40

Jul-04

P. Grant from Mullabane, Co Armagh dies.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 108

Jul-06

Order issued by the Inspector General of the RIC, T J Smith states that “No authorised persons will be allowed to arrogate to themselves the duties of the police.  Any such gathering of Volunteers will be an illegal assembly, the local police should take steps to disperse it and arrest the leaders.  Military aid may be invoked where necessary”

 

Gallagher (1953), pgs 80-81; Ó Duibhir (2009), pg 145

Jul-06

Tudor sends a memo to the Under Secretary, John Anderson, asking for permission to recruit up to 500 ex-officers of the British Army.  He gets verbal approval.  See July 10th, July 11th and July 23rd.

Leeson (2012), pg 97

Jul-07

RIC Constable William Foster commits suicide.

Abbott (2019), pg 405

Jul-09

Large British army force sent to Bellewstown (Bettystown?) races to confront ‘Republican Police’  - some caps and armbands confiscated but no arrests made.

Townshend (1975), pg 85;

Jul-09

J. Dunne from Ballintray, Ferns, Co. Wexford dies.  On this day, T. Ferry from Ballycommon, Co. Offaly also dies

O’Farrell (1997), pg 107

Jul-09

The Irish Bulletin publishes reports of the RIC ‘mutinies’ in Listowel and Killarney – see 19th June.  This led to questions in the British House of Commons.

Gallagher (1953), pg 98

Jul-10

The Schull area is organised as the 7th Battalion of Cork No. 3 Brigade.  The Battalion staff are Sean Lehane O/C; Denis Murphy V/C; Gibbs Ross Adj and James Hayes QM.

 

Deasy (1973), pgs 148-149

Jul-10

RIC Sergeant John Mooney (“well known for his reputation as a thug”) is attacked in Dungloe, Co. Donegal and severely wounded.

Ó Duibhir (2009), pg 146; Ozsenker (2019), pg 116

Jul-10

First advertisements appear in London for the Auxiliary Division of the RIC – See July 11th, 23rd and 27th.

Abbott (2019), pg 133

Jul-10

Four companies of the Manchester regiment under Lt Col Vaughan as O/C arrive in North Cork with main base in Macroom and detachments in Ballyvourney, Inchigeela and Millstreet.  HQ was in Ballincollig.

 

Sheehan (1990), pg 68

Jul-11

Despite recruiting starting the previous day, the Deputy Chief of Police, Ormonde Winter, writes to the Under Secretary (John Anderson) asking for written permission to recruit the Auxiliaries – See July 23rd and July 27th 

Leeson (2012), pg 98

Jul-11

Members of the 5th Battalion, Kerry No. 2 (South) Brigade of the IRA, with assistance from men from Scartaglin and Ballymacelligott companies, attack the RIC barracks at Rathmore.  One RIC man (Constable Alexander Will) is killed in the attack which goes on all night.  The IRA had brought an old cannon, taken from the walls of Ross Castle near Killarney, to Rathmore to use it in the attack but they could not manoeuvre it into a firing position.

(Constable Will, who was from Forfar, Scotland was the first ‘Black and Tan’ to be killed – he had been recruited in London and joined the RIC on the 30th March 1920.)

 

Abbott (2000), pg 91; Horgan (2018), pgs 188-189

Jul-11/12

IRA men from three brigades (East Limerick, North and South Tipperary) attack the RIC Barracks in Rearcross, Co. Tipperary. The RIC do not surrender despite the attack carrying on all night.  One RIC man is killed.   More Detail 

Abbott (2000), pgs 92-94; Breen (1989), pgs 116-122;  O’Malley (2001), pgs 41-65; O’Malley (1990), pgs 176-177

Jul-12

Carson, giving a 12th July speech to Orangemen at Finaghy, outside Belfast, tells the British government that if “you are yourselves unable to protect us from the machinations of Sinn Féin  … we will take matters into our own hands” and states “We must proclaim today clearly that … we in Ulster will tolerate no Sinn Féin  – no Sinn Féin organisation, no Sinn Féin  methods … And these are not mere words.  I hate words without action.”  A number of British newspapers, including the Times which supported Unionists in 1914, criticised Carson for his speech. Referring to socialists and trade unionists, Carson also condemned “These men who come forward as friends of labour” saying that their aim was to “bring about disunity among our own people”. 

 

Parkinson (2004), pg 26; Lawlor (2009), pgs 90-92

 

Jul-13

Ambush by flying column of Kerry No. 1 Brigade, under Tadgh Brosnan, on an RIC supply patrol at Kilmore near Dingle results in the killing of two RIC men (Constable Michael Lenihan and Constable George Roche) and the wounding of two others (including DI Fallon).  Among the IRA men involved in the ambush were Patrick Fitzgerald, Dan Jeffers, Michael McMahon and Jerry Dowling. (Horgan says 11th.)

 

Abbott (2000), pg 95; Horgan (2018), pgs 77-78

Jul-13

A six man RIC cycle patrol is attacked near Foynes, Co. Limerick by the IRA under the command of Sean Finn, O/C West Limerick (Abbott says Kerry Brigade) resulting in the death of Constable Patrick Fahey. (In the 2019 edition of his book, Abbott gives the date as the 14th and the Constable’s surname as Fahy.)

 

Abbott (2000), pg 95; Abbott (2019), pgs 119-120

Jul-14

Two RIC men were making their way to the Assizes in Roscommon when they are attacked at Moneen or Wakefield, near Lanesborough, Co. Longford.  One RIC man is killed (Constable Martin Clarke) and the other seriously wounded.

 

Abbott (2000), pg 96; O’Callaghan (2012), pg 94

Jul-16

Carson asks Wilfred Spender to the take the lead in reforming the Ulster Volunteer Force. 

 

Jul-17

Lt Colonel Gerard Ferguson Smyth, RIC Divisional Commander in Munster, is shot in the Country Club in the centre of Cork City by the IRA.  More Detail 

 

Abbott (2000), pgs 96-103; Gallagher (1953), pgs 98-99; Lawlor (2009), pgs 57-59

Jul-17

Constable James Masterson is killed after being ambushed outside Newcastle, Co Limerick

Abbott (2000), pg 96

Jul-17

Writing to the Chief Secretary, Hamar Greenwood, General Macready says “I do not for one instant think that the British public would stand for Martial Law for one week over here”.

Townshend (2014), pg 151

Jul-18

J. Burke from Cork dies

O’Farrell (1997), pg 103

Jul-19

Riots start in Derry City when a loyalist mob attacks the nationalist Bogside area.  It carries on for four days resulting in 19 (or 18) deaths.  Note: it is highly probable that both Macardle and O’Farrell are referring to the riots that took place in Derry on the 20th to 24th June – see above.

 

O’Farrell P (1997), pg xvi; Macardle (1999), pgs 356-357;

Jul-19

John O’Brien, a member of the Republican Police, is shot dead on patrol in Cork.

Gallagher (1953), pg 81

Jul-19 & 20

The summer assizes in Galway City have to be abandoned after only a small number of jurors obey the summons to appear.

Leeson (2012), pg 43

Jul-19

A car with four RIC men is ambushed at Aughle (or Gallagh Hill), three miles from Dunmore, near Tuam, Co. Galway.  Two RIC men are killed (Constable James Burke and Constable Patrick Carey). The two other RIC men are captured and subsequently released.  IRA led by Michael Moran and Michael (or Con) Fogarty.  (Fogarty was O/C Tuam Brigade and Moran was commander of the first battalion.)

 

Abbott (2000), pgs 103-104; McNamara (2018), pg 123; Henry (2012), pgs 66-67; Leeson (2012), pg 43

Jul-20

RIC, along with Dragoon Guards stationed in Claremorris, Co. Mayo carry out a major reprisal in Tuam, Co. Galway after the two RIC were killed the previous day – they loot public houses, shoot wildly, burn a number of premises including the Town Hall and cause much destruction to other property.  They also burn Michael Moran’s family home. (See November 24th.) 

An English reporter compared Tuam to Belgian and French towns destroyed by the Germans during the First World War. Lesson notes that no ‘Black and Tans’ (i.e. British recruits to the RIC) were involved in these reprisals.

Abbott (2000), pgs 103-104; Macardle (1999), pg 356; McNamara (2018), pg 123; Henry (2012), pgs 67-71; Price (2012), pg 93; Leeson (2012), pgs 43-44 & 195

Jul-20

West Limerick Brigade of the IRA form a Flying Column at a meeting held in Dirreen, Athea.  It has about 35 men with Garrett McAulieffe (Brigade V/C) made Column Commander and Capt Michael Colbert as his V/C.

 

Harnett (2002), pg 59

July-20

The courthouse in Athy, Co. Kildare is burnt by the IRA, as was the vacated police barracks in Castledermot along with the nearby courthouse.  

Durney (2013), pg 105

July-21

Colonel Smyth, assassinated by the IRA in Cork on the 17th July, has his funeral in Banbridge, Co. Down. Large turnout including Major General Tudor.  There was some trouble that night in Banbridge – a young Catholic was assaulted and a Catholic owned newsagent in Bridge St was burnt down by a loyalist mob.  Things were to get much worse in Banbridge – See July 22nd

Lawlor (2009), pg 61-64

Jul-21

A projected attack on Clerihan RIC barracks is called off by the South Tipperary Brigade after GHQ ordered a suspension of all attacks in Tipperary without prior approval from them.

 

Ryan (1945), pgs 139-140

Jul-21

James Cogan (a member of the Republican Police) from Stonefield, Oldcastle, Co. Meath is shot dead by Auxiliaries as he escorts a cattle thief to his trial. [Note: Auxiliaries were not as yet operational – See July 27th below.]

 

O’Farrell (1997), pg 17; Gallagher (1953), pg 81

Jul-21/22

On the 21st July, the Ennistymon (Co. Clare) Company of the IRA disarm a British Army patrol in the village and make away with their rifles and ammunition.  The following day three Volunteers try to disarm two British Army officers but one of the officers draws his gun and shoots dead one of  the Volunteers (Michael Conway).

Ó Ruairc (2009), pg 142; O’Farrell (1997), pg 104

21-24 Jul

Major riots in BelfastOn the morning of the 21st July, members of Belfast Protestant Association put up posters on gates of Queen’s Island calling for meeting of ‘all Unionist and Protestant workers’ at lunchtime.  Nearly 5,000 meet and afterwards go on rampage attacking Catholic workers.  Clothes are torn of potential victims to see if they are wearing any Catholic emblems.  Some try to escape by swimming the Musgrave Channel but are pelted by nuts, bolts, rivets, etc. (called 'Belfast confetti').  Most Catholics and socialists are removed from yards by afternoon.  At least 20 men have to receive hospital treatment.   After the expulsions from the shipyards, Catholic workers are ejected from other industrial sites in the city including Sirocco Works, Musgraves, Combe Barbours, Mackies Foundary and several linen mills.   

In the ensuing three days of riots 13 people were killed (says Hopkinson but Macardle says 17; Phoenix says 18 and McDermott says 18 made up of 10 Catholics and 8 Protestants. Parkinson names 21 people as being killed – 12 of whom would seem to have been Protestant. Most of the people killed are killed by the British Army.)  During these riots, hundreds of (mostly Catholic) families are driven from their homes.   More Detail   Background & Consequences

 

O’Farrell P (1997), pg xvi; Hopkinson 2002, pg 156-157; Macardle (1999), pg 357; Phoenix (1994), pgs 87-88; Parkinson (2004), pgs 33-56); McDermott (2001), pgs 35-44 & 48; Townshend (2014), pgs 175-176

Jul-21

One RIC man is killed (Sgt Thomas Armstrong) and one is seriously wounded (Constable  Regan) when they are attacked outside the Moy Hotel, Knox St., Ballina, Co. Mayo.

Abbott (2000), pg 104

Jul-21

T. McDonnell from Corrunna Cross, Co. Cork dies.

O’Farrell (1997), pg 112

Jul-22

Magistrates in Cork city and county resign.

Macardle (1999), pg 363

Jul-22

At the start of the early shift at the Banbridge Weaving Company, Protestant employees demanded the removal of all Catholic workers.  The manager decides to suspend work for the day and the Protestant employees, led by a flute band, go to other places of employment to encourage their co-religionists to also demand the sacking of Catholic workers.  This leads to further work suspensions and the Protestant crowd grows larger – police estimate about 3,000.  A Catholic post-office employee is assaulted and ordered to leave Banbridge.  That evening the loyalist mob attack Catholic-owned houses and businesses – looting and burning a number to the ground, particularly public houses.  The police present make no attempt to stop the destructive rampage of the mob.

When the mob attack Monaghan’s house furnishing business on Scarva St, a shot is fired from the upstairs window and hits17-year old William John Sterritt in the head – he later dies of his injuries.  The police call from military support and, when they arrive, three members of the Monaghan family are arrested but none of the rioters.  Later, the Monaghan house and business is burnt by the loyalist mob along with adjoining properties.  Many Catholics leave or are driven out of Banbridge in the following days. 

Lawlor (2009), pgs 67-75

Jul-22

British Cabinet Committee on the Irish Situation (see June 24th) meets and calls for the introduction of martial law immediately.

Townshend (1975), pg 101

Jul-23

Five houses in the Caltra area of Co. Galway are burnt by Crown Forces and the local Sinn Féin hall is also burnt down.

Leeson (2012), pg 162

Jul-23

GOC 5th Division British Army (Jeudwine) writes to COC-in-Ireland (Macready) saying that situation has altered considerably for the worse and mentions (a) the effect of the train strike on moving men and supplies – taking up a lot of available transport and (b) drift in government policy.  He says there should be either peace or war.  A war waged “with all the resources of war unsparingly used” or the British Government “must pursue peace openly at once, and make an offer of terms”

Townshend (1975), pg 90 & Hopkinson (2002), pgs 53-54

Jul-23

First full-scale conference between the British cabinet and the Irish Executive – many historians see this conference as the point at which the British decided to enforce a policy of coercion in Ireland rather than one of entering discussions with Sinn Féin.   More Detail

 

 

 

Townshend (1975), pgs 101-103 Hopkinson (2002), pg 64 & pg 158;  Price (2012), pgs 86-90; Leeson (2012), pgs 11-12

Jul-23/24

A loyalist mob gathers in the Market Sq. in Dromore, Co. Down and proceed to attack Catholic owned houses and businesses.  The RIC try to disperse the mob by shooting in the air.  William Henry Mitchell, a member of the Royal Black Preceptory and the Orange Order, is shot dead (apparently by a ricocheting bullet).  The RIC requests military assistance and when they arrive, in the early hours of the 24th, the crowd is dispersed.  Among the houses ransacked was the home of the local Catholic parish priest.

Lawlor (2009), pg2 82-83

Jul-24

Three RIC men are attacked in Newenham St., Limerick by men from the E Company, 2nd Battalion, Mid-Limerick, Brigade under the leadership of William Barrett.  One RIC man (Constable William Oakley) later dies from his wounds.  Patrick Blake and James O’Neill are arrested in August and charged with the murder of Constable Oakley.  They are subsequently acquitted but this acquittal has fatal consequences – see November 19th.  (Constable Oakley is from Essex.)

Abbott (2000), pgs 104-105; O’Callaghan (2017), pg 552; Abbott (2019), pgs 131-132

Jul-24

G. W. Biggs from Bantry, Co. Cork (a Protestant businessman) writes to the Irish Times saying that “the greatest goodwill exists” between Catholics and Protestants in the area.  Three days later his business premises in burnt down – Gallagher says by the RIC.

Gallagher (1953), pg 115

Jul-24

The Connaught Tribune reports that, after the evacuation of the RIC barracks in Kinvara, Co. Galway, the IRA enter the village and demolish the barracks.  They then proceed to the courthouse and burn all the law records and books.

Henry (2012), pg 40

Jul-24

Following the conference held on the previous day, Arthur Balfour (who had attended the conference) wrote a memorandum on the Future of the Home Rule Bill in which he said “The Government cannot abandon a measure so elaborate in its structure and so far advanced in its Parliamentary career as the present Home Rule Bill [Government of Ireland Act] without some discredit”.  He went on “this discredit would amount to a disgrace if this course were adopted, not on its merits, but as a concession to those who worked through organised assassination”.  He added “A parliament has been promised to Ulster”.

Leeson (2012), pg 12

Jul-25

A large crowd of loyalists gather in the centre of Lisburn and attack the AOH hall in Linenhall St.  They subsequently attack a large number of Catholic owned houses and businesses, including the local Catholic convent.  As was common, there was a particular focus on Catholic owned public houses and the looting of their content.  (Lawlor’s book includes a number of photographs showing the aftermath of the actions of the destructive mob.) Over the next few days, two more Catholic-owned public houses were attacked – they were wrecked, looted and occupants assaulted.  

Lawlor (2009), pgs 85-87

Jul-25

Ballycrovane Coastguard station on Coulagh Bay (on the Beara Peninsula, Co Cork) is attacked by 15 men from the Beara Battalion IRA led by Liam O’Dwyer and Christy O’Connell.  There were about 12 marines in the stations and two of them, called Snowen and Brown, were killed during the attack.  The remaining marines surrender and the IRA capture 12 rifles, six revolvers and various other military equipment.  Castletownbere Coastguard station was attacked by the IRA (under Billy O’Neill) on the same day but this attack in unsuccessful and four IRA men are injured.

Deasy (1973), pgs 119 -125

Jul-25

Crowley’s in Ballylanders, Co. Limerick is blown up by Black and Tans. Two local creameries, at Knocklong and Garryspillane, are also attacked.

O’Farrell P (1997), pg 23; Breathnach (2017), pg 557

Jul-25

RIC Detective Sergeant William Mulherin is killed after leaving (or entering) 8am Mass in St. Patrick’s church in Bandon, Co. Cork.  Deasy refers to him as the Chief Intelligence Officer for the West Riding who “took pleasure in very rough tactics with prisoners”.  He had survived an earlier attempt on his life in March.

Hart (1998), pg 196; Abbott (2002), pg 105-106; Deasy (1973), pgs 125-126; Abbott (2019), pgs 132-133

Jul-25

Cloghane Coastguard station on the Dingle Peninsula in Co. Kerry is attacked by the IRA led by Tadgh Brosnan.  The six coastguards surrender after putting up a fight.

Horgan (2018), pg 78

Jul-25

In a memo on the Irish Situation, Walter Long writes that “any hesitation on the part of the Government to proceed with the measure [Government of Ireland Act] in its present form would be attended with the gravest consequences in Ulster”.  However, John Anderson was still arguing for an alternative path.  In a memo his writes on the Irish Situation on this day, he writes that it was his belief that “if what is commonly described as Dominion Home Rule – with protection for Ulster – could be offered immediately sufficient popular support could be obtained in Ireland to enable the suppression of crime and the re-establishment of law”.  Leeson notes “In the end, the hawks prevailed”. Their next step was the Restoration of Order in Ireland Bill – see August 2nd.

Leeson (2012), pgs 12-13

Jul-26

A British soldier (a member of the Essex Regiment) is killed while hunting the killer of Sergeant Mulherin.

Hart (1998), pg 196

Jul-26

Under Secretary John Anderson informs British cabinet that more troops needed and again points to the extra manpower required due to the railway strike.

Townshend (1975), pg 109

Jul-26

Eight Volunteers from the Riverstown Battalion of the Sligo Brigade IRA ambush a four man RIC bicycle patrol at Ballyrush near Castlebaldwin.  After an exchange of fire, the RIC men surrender – they are relieved of their arms and then released. 

Hopkinson (2002), pg 136; Farry (2102), pg 56

Jul-26

Sir Henry Wilson, former Chief of the Imperial Staff, says “Winston [Churchill] suggested arming 20,000 Orangemen to relieve the troops from the North.  I told him that this would mean ‘taking sides’, would mean civil war and savage reprisals, would mean, at the very least, great tension with America and an open rupture with the Pope.  Winston does not realise these things in the least and is a perfect idiot as a statesman.” Churchill made a similar suggestion at a meeting on the 23rd July – see above. 

Bew (2016), pgs 95-96

Jul-26

IRA ambush an RIC patrol between Kilcar and Killybegs in Co. Donegal.  An RIC man (Sergeant Coleman) was seriously wounded.

Ó Duibhir (2009), pg 151; Ozseker (2019), pg 116

Jul-27

An RIC man (Constable James Murray) is shot dead as he enters a greengrocer in Rossa St., Clonakilty, Co. Cork.

Abbott (2019), pg 133; Deasy (1973), pg 126

Jul-27

The first member of the Auxiliary Division of RIC (‘Auxies’) is recruited – his name is Harold Pearsons.  More Information

 

Curran J M (1980) pg 37; O’Farrell P (1997), pg xvi; Townshend (1975), pgs 110-111 and Abbott (2000), pgs 106-110; Abbott (2019), pgs 133-138; Leeson (2012), pgs 30-28 & 96-103

Jul-27

Tom Hales and Pat Harte (West Cork No. 3 Brigade O/C and Quartermaster respectively) are captured by British Intelligence as they enter Frank Hurley’s house in Laragh, outside Bandon.  They are very badly tortured by a group led by Major Percival, I/O of the Essex Regiment and assisted by Capt Kelley, Brigade I/O and Lt Keogh (Hampshire or Hants Regiment) in Bandon Military Barracks and Victoria Barracks, Cork.  Both men have to be hospitalised afterwards. Pat Harte ends up in an asylum and dies a few years later.   

Hart (1998), pg 196; Coogan (1990), pg 146; Deasy (1973), pgs 129-131; O’Callaghan (1994), pg 52; O’Farrell (1997), pg 51; Gallagher (1953), pgs 104-105

Jul-27

A republican Land Court, in session in Claremorris, Co. Mayo is raided by the RIC.  The judge rebukes them and orders them to remove their hats.  The RIC duly remove their hats.

Gallagher (1953), pg 82

Jul-29

Dublin Castle withdraws all aid to local authorities who had recognised the Dáil.  Up until this point, many local authorities (County Councils, Urban District Councils, Rural District Councils and the Poor Law Unions) had passed motions of allegiance to the Dáil but continued to correspond with (and thereby recognise) the Local Government Board (LGB) in the Customs House.  

This loss of the grants from the LGB gives rise to severe financial hardship for local authorities as their grants amounted to one-fifth of the annual revenue of the councils. In particular, under the provisions of the Malicious Injuries Act, damage to people and property was charged to local rates (paid for by local property owners).  As the damage done by the IRA, British Army and RIC mounted, so did the number of claims and, with it, pressure on local rates.  McCluskey indicates that some local authorities in Tyrone continued to work with the LBG.

Hopkinson (2002), pg 44; Coleman (2003), pg 92; McCluskey (2014), pg 87; Townshend (2014), pg 122

Jul-29

T. Harris form Bruree, Co. Limerick dies

O’Farrell (1997), pg 109

Jul-29

RIC patrol ambushed in Ballina, Co Mayo resulting in the death of one RIC man.  (Not mentioned by Abbott – perhaps attack mentioned by Abbott on 21st July.)

Hopkinson (2002), pg 133

Jul-29

Minister of Labour in the Dáil Government, Countess Markievicz, issues an order to all Sinn Féin clubs saying that men who had resigned from the RIC should be allowed to live in peace. They should be supported in cases of special hardship. If they could not be found employment, they should be assisted from a special fund.  Also, currently serving members should be approached via their relatives and encouraged to resign.

Macardle (1999), pg 363

Jul-29

Proposal to set up Special Police force in Northern Ireland accepted by British Cabinet’s Irish Committee.  See July 23rd above and September 2nd below.

McDermott (2001), pg 33

Jul-30

General Lucas escapes from his IRA captors near Pallasgreen (18 miles for Limerick city) and after being picked up by the British Army immediately drives into an ambush in which two soldiers are killed and two wounded.  The ambush had been set up by Sean Treacy and his men (Tipperary 3rd Brigade) in order to intercept a military patrol collecting mail from Limerick Junction.  This ambush almost turned into a disaster for the IRA.

O’Donoghue (1986), pg80; Breen (1989), pg 124-125; Ryan (1945), pgs 140-141; Hopkinson (2002), pg 121; Carroll & Toomey (2017), pgs 419-419

Jul-30

Paddy O’Daly and Jim Slattery (two Squad members) enter the offices of Frank Brooke and kill him.  (Brooke is Director of the Great Southern and Eastern Railways and a member of Lord French’s Advisory Council.)

Hopkinson (2002), pg 100

Jul-31

Conference in Dublin between IRA GHQ staff and some southern brigades – the three Cork Brigades are represented by Terence MacSwiney; Liam Lynch and Liam Deasy respectively – see August 1st.

O’Donoghue (1986), pg87

Jul-31

J. Mulcahy from Nicker, Co. Limerick dies.

O'Farrell P (1997), pg 114

Jul

Andy Cope is appointed Assistant Undersecretary

Curran J M (1980), pg36

Jul

Attack on a convoy of the Manchester Regiment between Macroom and Ballyvourney results in the death of Captain Airy and the three others wounded.  (O’Callaghan names him as Captain Airey and says one other of the wounded soldiers later dies.)

Sheehan (1990), pg 70; O’Callaghan (1974), pgs 26-27

Jul

Field Marshall Sir Henry Wilson (Chief of Imperial General Staff) tells Churchill (Sec of State for War) that British government must take strong measures or retire.

Curran J M (1980), pg38

Jul

By July 1920, £317,849 had been collected for the Dáil Loan from 150,000 contributors

McCluskey (2014), pg 79

Jul

IRA GHQ sends Eamon Price, Director of Organisation, to Mayo where he re-organises the Volunteers in the county into four brigades with the following O/Cs - North – O/C Tom Ruane (Ballina) ; South – Tom Maguire (Cross); East – Sean Corcoran (Kiltimagh) and West – Tom Derrig (Westport),

Price (2012), pg 58

Jul

Crown Forces reprisals in Thurles, Upperchurch, Limerick and Nenagh

Hopkinson (2002), pg 80; Townshend (2014), pg 165

 

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